1World Energy Corporation

HealthCare Standards

Product Code Clasiifications

USA Certifications / Guidelines / Standards for PPE

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. Although NIOSH is generally characterized as a non-regulatory agency, guidance and recommendations issued by NIOSH are often used by other agencies responsible for developing and enforcing workplace safety and health regulations.

NIOSH is also directly responsible for several regulations. These regulations mostly outline procedures and requirements for specific health and safety related matters involving a particular industry or set forth rules for NIOSH to follow in administering programs assigned to the Institute. The regulations include rules regarding the following:

  1. The Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program which describes x-ray screening of underground coal miners, autopsies, and operation of the B-reader program for classifying pneumoconiosis;
  2. NIOSH grants and educational training programs;
  3. Implementation of HHS responsibilities under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness and Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA);
  4. Approval of respiratory protective equipment;
  5. Conducting investigations at places of employment for the Health Hazard Evaluation (HHE) program and for occupational safety and health research; and
  6. Implementation of the World Trade Center Health Program.

The NIOSH regulations are found in the following parts of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and are linked below.

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
Regulation No.Title
42 C.F.R. pt. 37external iconSpecifications for Medical Examinations of Underground Coal Miners
42 C.F.R. pt. 81external iconGuidelines for Determining Probability of Causation Under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000
42 C.F.R. pt. 82external iconMethods for Conducting Dose Reconstruction Under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000
42 C.F.R. pt. 83external iconProcedures for Designating Classes of Employees as Members of the Special Exposure Cohort Under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000
42 C.F.R. pt. 84external iconApproval of Respiratory Protective Devices
42 C.F.R. pt. 85aexternal iconOccupational Safety and Health Investigations of Places of Employment
42 C.F.R. pt. 85external iconRequests for Health Hazard Evaluations
42 C.F.R. pt. 86external iconGrants for Education Programs in Occupational Safety and Health
42 C.F.R. pt. 87external iconNational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Research and Demonstration Grants
42 C.F.R. pt. 88external iconWorld Trade Center Health Program
 

Formerly Relevant OSHA Requirements: 29 CFR 1910.1020, 29 CFR 1910, subpart Z

Employers are no longer required to notify and transfer records to NIOSH

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) previously required employers to transfer employee exposure and medical records to NIOSH if: (1) the employer was going out of business without a successor, (2) the retention period for records had expired or, (3) due to the termination of a worker’s employment. However, on June 8, 2011, OSHA deleted these transfer requirements from its substance-specific standards in 29 CFR 1910, subpart Z, as well as from its regulation at 29 CFR 1910.20, Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records. See, 76 Federal Register 33590, 33598. As such, employers are no longer required to notify and/or transfer OSHA-required records to NIOSH.

Although employers are no longer required to notify and/or transfer records to NIOSH, OSHA’s current regulation at 29 CFR 1910.1020(h)(1) provides that whenever an employer is ceasing to do business, they must “transfer all records subject to this section to the successor employer. The successor employer shall receive and maintain these records.”

Also, OSHA’s regulation at 29 CFR 1910.1020(h)(2) requires that: “Whenever an employer is ceasing to do business and there is no successor employer to receive and maintain the records subject to this standard, the employer shall notify affected current employees of their rights of access to records at least three (3) months prior to the cessation of the employer’s business.”

CDC’s role in rules and regulations
As the nation’s public health protection agency, CDC has certain authorities to implement  regulations related to protecting America from health and safety threats, both foreign and within the United States, and increasing public health security.

CDC and other agencies implement public health laws passed by Congress through Federal Regulations. After a Congressional bill becomes law, federal agencies may be responsible for putting the law into action through the development of regulations—also known as “rules.” Federal regulations give the public details or specific requirements of how the law will be applied. The process of creating regulations or rules is called rulemaking.

What are CDC’s regulatory authorities?
Click on each public health program in the boxes below for information on CDC’s regulatory authorities. You can also find the official text of CDC regulations published in the Code of Federal Regulations under Title 42—Public HealthExternal.

How can you participate in CDC’s rulemaking process?
Federal rulemaking usually involves a notice-and-comment process in which regulations are published in the Federal RegisterExternal for public comment over a specified time. By commenting on proposed rules to improve them, the public plays an important role in the rulemaking process. You can provide your comments by going to the federal government’s regulations websiteExternal to view CDC’s rules that are open for public commentExternal.

For a list of regulations CDC is currently working on, please see the Unified AgendaExternal of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions. The Unified Agenda, published in the spring and fall of each year, provides information about regulations that the federal government is considering or reviewing within the next 12 months.

 
 

Covered below in separate ASTM section. 

In response to the growing Coronavirus (COVID-19) public health crisis, AAMI—dedicated to leading global collaboration in the development, management, and use of safe and effective health technology—has released three standards and technical information reports (TIRs)

  1. ANSI/AAMI PB70:2012, Liquid barrier performance and classification of protective apparel and drapes intended for use in health care facilities –An American National Standard, ANSI/AAMI PB70 provides manufacturers with a consistent basis for creating device labeling claims regarding barrier efficacy against liquid-borne microorganisms. Through labeling requirements, the standard is also intended to assist end-users in selecting the appropriate protective apparel and drapes to inhibit the transfer of microorganisms associated with blood, body fluids, and other potentially infectious materials
  2. AAMI TIR11:2005/(R)2015,Selection and use of protective apparel and surgical drapes in health care facilities
    This technical information report (TIR) covers the selection and use of protective apparel and surgical drapes. It includes information on types of protective materials, safety and performance characteristics of protective materials, product evaluation and selection, levels of barrier performance, and care of protective apparel and drapes.
  3. TIR68:2018, Low and intermediate-level disinfection in healthcare settings for medical devices and patient care equipment and sterile processing environmental surfaces-TIR68 provides guidance on the selection and use of low and intermediate-level disinfectants and disinfection processes for safe and effective use. FREE DOWNLOAD
Search for official FDA guidance documents and other regulatory guidance for all topics.
 

 

Laws Enforced by FDA

The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and other congressional milestones are presented in this section.

 

Standards

FDA participates in the development of standards and uses standards to fulfill its regulatory responsibilities.

 

Freedom of Information

Electronic reading rooms contain publicly releasable agency records and other information routinely made available.

Dockets Management – Dockets management serves as the official repository for the administrative proceedings and rule-making documents for FDA.

Medical devices are part of a multi-billion dollar industry that continues to rapidly grow due to technological advances. As a consequence, medical devices have been a hot topic in the mainstream media with coverage in the documentary “The Bleeding Edge” on Netflix and a piece by John Oliver on HBO’s “Last Week Tonight”. In these pieces, the shortcomings of the medical device regulation process in the United States are the focus. And this has sparked some great discussion among medical device clinical professionals and the public alike. However, understanding the medical device regulation process is paramount in order to strive for continuous improvement, updated regulations, and being informed both as a clinical professional and as a patient.

In the United States, it takes approximately three to seven years on average for a new medical device to come to the market. Compared to pharmaceutical drugs, which take on average 12 years, the medical device approval process is significantly faster and less costly. However, compared to our counterparts in the European Union, a device on average that took five years to come to market in the United States only took 11 months in the EU. In light of this information, there is still much to be done to analyze the safety outcomes of the pathways implemented by both the US and EU to bring devices to market.Medical_Device_Classification-1To understand how new medical devices come to market in the United States, we have to start with how medical devices are classified into three categories: Class I, Class II, and Class III. Class I devices are considered low-risk devices many of which can be found in every household such as adhesive bandages, cotton swabs, and toothbrushes. Class II devices have moderate risks and include items such as contact lenses, imaging diagnostic devices (ultrasound, X-rays), and pregnancy tests. And lastly, the highest risk devices fall under the Class III umbrella and include life-saving devices such as pacemakers, coronary stents, and cerebellar neurotransmitter implants.

All devices regardless of the class are subject to general controls by the FDA. A majority of low-risk, Class I devices and a minority of moderate risk, Class II devices can apply for FDA exemption. With an exemption, the FDA will control the manufacturing, product labeling, and risk information that is provided for public use of the device. If the device does not have an FDA exemption, special controls are required prior to marketing the device. And lastly, for high-risk devices, pre-market approval (PMA) is required prior to bringing a device to market. In our next blog post, we will dive deeper into the FDA pathways that are utilized to bring a medical device to market in the United States.

FDA APPROVAL PATHWAY FOR MEDICAL DEVICES
 
New_Medical_Device

Now that we have a grasp of the FDA medical device classification fundamentals, we can begin to explore the various pathways that a new medical device may follow in order to reach the market in the United States. In most cases, the medical device company will consult with the FDA at the beginning of the process in order to choose the correct pathway to prevent lost time and costs.

Class I and a small amount of Class II devices may apply for exemption with the FDA. If the exemption is granted, no pre-market review is required, but the FDA still controls the labeling and information provided to the consumer. These devices are then referred to as “FDA registered” or “FDA listed” devices once they make it to the market.

If an exemption is not appropriate, the device is low to moderate risk, and there is a device predicate already on the market, the 510(k) pathway is then utilized. A company must prove how the new device is equivalent to the marketed device and provide pre-clinical data, but clinical trial data is usually not required for the 510(k) pathway unless mandated by the FDA. Devices that successfully go through the 510(k) pathway are then referred to as “FDA cleared” devices.

For high risk, Class III devices or for devices that do not have a market equivalent, the pre-market approval (PMA) pathway is required. This requires the company to apply for an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) from the FDA. Once the IDE is obtained, the company can start the collection of data via a clinical trial in addition to pre-clinical data to provide in the eventual PMA submission. Devices that follow this pathway and are determined safe and effective, receive the “FDA approved” label. For devices that are low to moderate-risk, but do not have predicate on the market, the medical device company can work with the FDA to explore alternative pathways to bring the device to market if clinical trial data is not warranted. Alternative pathways include the De-Novo pathway, Humanitarian Device Exception, Product Development Protocol, and Custom Device Exemption, but these pathways are less common than the 510(k) and PMA pathways.

By the numbers, the vast majority of medical devices are cleared through 510(k) versus approved through the PMA pathway. Approximately 4,000 510(k) applications are submitted to the FDA each year compared to less than 100 PMA applications. The average cost to bring a medical device to market through the 510(k) pathway is $31 million compared to the PMA pathway with average costs of $94 million. The time and cost required to bring a device to market through 510(k) versus PMA makes the 510(k) pathway the popular choice, if available.

Despite the rigorous efforts and controls along the way to bring a medical device to market, the process is not perfect. The push for real-world evidence and post-market surveillance data will continue to shape the medical device landscape in order to ensure patient safety.

 

  • Nasal swab guidance for COVID-19 test kits can be found here.
  • The Flocked swab tip must be synthetic (dacron or rayon) fiber and appropriately

    small sized for a nasal cavity (OP is too large).

  • Shaft must be narrow and made of flexible plastic.
  • Shaft must have a break point adequately distal from the swab tip to avoid breaking in the nasal cavity.

 

  • ASTM F3387-19 Standard Practice for Respiratory Protection
  • FDA stands for the Food and Drug Administration, a government agency responsible for the safety of food, dietary supplements, human drugs, vaccines, blood products and other biologicals, medical devices, radiation-emitting electronics, cosmetics, veterinarian products and tobacco products being sold or manufactured in the United States. The FDA also inspects and enforces regulations related to these industries.
  • Organizations that manufacture, re-pack or re-label products in the aforementioned industries must register with the FDA, with the exception of cosmetics, where registration is voluntary.
  • The registration process varies dependent on the industry but generally involves an annual registration in which organizations are required to list all drugs being manufactured, prepared, propagated, compounded, or processed for commercial distribution in the U.S. Inspection results for FDA registered organizations are available on the FDA website.
  • N95 Respirators (hospitals) –There are two types of respirators that are appropriate for healthcare workers with close contact with COVID-19 patients: 1) N95 Respirators; and 2) Surgical N95 Respirators.
  • Surgical N95 Respirators are the appropriate device in the healthcare setting when both aerosol and barrier protection (i.e., splash or sterile field) are needed and must be approved by both NIOSH as a FFR (42 CFR Part 84) and FDA as Class II Medical Device (21 CFR 878.4040).
  • FDA tests: Fluid resistance (ASTM F1862), flammability, and biocompatibility.
  • N95 Respirators (approved by NIOSH under 42 CFR Part 84) are appropriate for healthcare settings where only protection from patient generated aerosols is required.
 
  • Surgical masks must be FDA approved under 21 CFR 878.4040 as Class II Medical Devices.
  • Tested for fluid resistance (ASTM F1862), flammability, and biocompatibility.
  • ASTM F2299/F2299M-03(2017) Standard Test Method for Determining the Initial Efficiency of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Particulates Using Latex Spheres

    ASTM F2101-19 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) of Medical Face Mask Materials, Using a Biological Aerosol of Staphylococcus aureus

    ASTM F2100-19 Standard Specification for Performance of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks

    ASTM F1862/F1862M-17 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Synthetic Blood (Horizontal Projection of Fixed Volume at a Known Velocity)

    ASTM F1494-14 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

  • Non-sterile, disposable patient examination gloves are appropriate for care of COVID-19 patients.

  • The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) has standards for patient examination gloves:

  • ASTM D6319 – Standard specification for nitrile examination gloves for medical applications.

ASTM D6319-19 Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM D3578-19 Standard Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves

ASTM D5250-19 Standard Specification for Poly(vinyl chloride) Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM D6977-19 Standard Specification for Polychloroprene Examination Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM6319

This specification contains test procedures for evaluating the performance and safety of nitrile rubber gloves for use in conducting medical examinations and diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The products covered by this specification include nitrile rubber gloves that fit either hand, paired gloves, and gloves by size and packaged sterile or nonsterile or bulk nonsterile. An approved lubricant for absorbable dusting powder may be applied to the gloves. Other lubricants may also be used, provided, that their safety and efficacy have been previously established. Both the inside and outside surface of the glove should be free of talc. All products should meet the required degree of sterility, freedom from holes, physical requirements before and after ageing, amount of powder on the glove, tensile strength and ultimate elongation.

This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

1. Scope

1.1 This specification covers certain requirements for nitrile rubber gloves used in conducting medical examinations and diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

1.2 This specification covers nitrile rubber examination gloves that fit either hand, paired gloves, and gloves by size. It also provides for packaged sterile or nonsterile or bulk nonsterile nitrile rubber examination gloves.

1.3 This specification is similar to that of Specification D3578 for rubber examination gloves.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)

ASTM Standards

D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic ElastomersTension

D573 Test Method for RubberDeterioration in an Air Oven

D3578 Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves

D3767 Practice for Rubber–Measurement of Dimensions

D5151 Test Method for Detection of Holes in Medical Gloves

D6124 Test Method for Residual Powder on Medical Gloves

Other Documents

U.S. Pharmacopeia U. S. Pharmacopeia, latest editi

 

Keywords

Diagnostics – Drugs – Medical Gloves – Nitrile Rubber – Therapeutics

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 11.140 (Hospital equipment)

UNSPSC Code

UNSPSC Code 42132203(Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves)

 
Referencing This Standard
Link Here
Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

DOI: 10.1520/D6319-19

Citation Format

ASTM D6319-19, Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination Gloves for Medical Application, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

page2image1097369056

 

ASTM F2407 – 06(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Surgical Gowns Intended for Use in Healthcare Facilities

ASTM F1671 / F1671M – 13 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Blood-Borne Pathogens Using Phi-X174 Bacteriophage Penetration as a Test System

ASTM F1868 – 17 Standard Test Method for Thermal and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing Materials Using a Sweating Hot Plate

ASTM D751 – 19 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

ASTM D1683/D1683M-17(2018) Standard Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Fabrics

ASTM D1776/D1776M-20 Standard Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles

ASTM D5034-09(2017) Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

ASTM D5587-15(2019) Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure

ASTM D5733 – 99 Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Nonwoven Fabrics by the Trapezoid Procedure (Withdrawn 2008)

ASTM D6701-16 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Vapor Transmission Rates Through Nonwoven and Plastic Barriers

ASTM F1494-14 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

  • Non-sterile, disposable patient isolation gowns are appropriate for care of COVID-19 patients.

  • Four defined levels of protection tested to meet ANSI/AAMI PB70:

  • Level 1: Minimal risk, to be used, for example, during basic care, standard isolation, cover gown for visitors, or in a standard medical unit;

  • Level 2: Low risk, to be used, for example, during blood draw, suturing, in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), or a pathology lab;

  • Level 3: Moderate risk, to be used, for example, during arterial blood draw, inserting an Intravenous (IV) line, in the Emergency Room, or for trauma cases;

  • Level 4: High risk, to be used, for example, during long, fluid intense procedures, surgery, when pathogen resistance is needed or infectious diseases are suspected (non-airborne).

• A surgical gown is regulated by the FDA as a Class II medical device that requires a 510(k) premarket notification. Surgical gowns can be used for any risk level (Levels 1-4).

 
Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)
Title

“Liquid barrier performance and classification of protective apparel and drapes intended for use in health care facilities”

Description

Overview: This standard establishes a system of classification for protective apparel and drapes used in health care facilities based on their liquid barrier performance and specifies related labeling requirements and standardized test methods for determining compliance.

Standard Type(s)

Specification

An explicit set of requirements to be satisfied by a material, product, system, or service: Examples of specifications include, but are not limited to, requirements for; physical, mechanical, or chemical properties, and safety, quality, or performance criteria. A specification identifies the test methods for determining whether each of the requirements is satisfied.

Personal Protective Equipment

Body Protection

All items of clothing and/or accessories (whether or not detachable) designed and manufactured to provide specific protection. This includes bullet-proof clothing, general protective clothing and full body ensembles that protect from cuts, radiation, temperature extremes, hot splashes from molten metals and other hot liquids, potential impacts from tools, machinery and materials and hazardous chemicals. Examples of body protection include laboratory coats, coveralls, vests, jackets, aprons, surgical gowns and full body suits

  • Medical protective clothing
  • Coveralls
  • Apron
  • Gowns
  • Drapes
Hazards

Biological

  • Biological
Comments

The ANSI/AAMI PB70 standard includes four standard tests to evaluate the barrier effectiveness of surgical gowns, isolation gowns, and surgical drapes. Based on the results of these standardized tests, four levels of barrier performance are defined, with Level 1 being the lowest level of protection, and Level 4 being the highest level of protection. Table 3 summarizes the requirements of ANSI/AAMI PB70:2012 regarding the classification of barrier performance of surgical gowns, isolation gowns, and surgical drapes.

Table 3: ANSI/AAMI PB 70:12 classification of barrier performance of surgical gowns, other protective apparel, surgical drapes and drape accessories

Level1

Level1TestLiquid ChallengeResultExpected Barrier Effectiveness
1AATCC 42 Impact Penetration2Water= 4.5 gMinimal water resistance (some resistance to water spray)
2AATCC 42 Impact PenetrationWater= 1.0 gLow water resistance (resistant to water spray and some resistance to water penetration under constant contact with increasing pressure)
AATCC 127 Hydrostatic Pressure3Water= 20 cm
3AATCC 42 Impact PenetrationWater= 1.0 gModerate water resistance (resistant to water spray and some resistance to water penetration under constant contact with increasing pressure)
AATCC 127 Hydrostatic PressureWater= 50 cm
4ASTM F1670 Synthetic Blood Penetration Test (for surgical drapes)Surrogate Bloodno penetration at 2 psi(13.8 kPa)Blood and viral penetration resistance (2 psi)
ASTM F1671 Viral Penetration Test (for surgical and isolation gowns)Bacteriophage
Phi-X174
no penetration at 2 psi(13.8 kPa)

1 In order of increasing protection

2 American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC) 42 Water resistance: impact penetration test determines the ability of a material to resist water penetration under spray impact [AATCC 2000]

3 AATCC 127 Water resistance: hydrostatic pressure test determines the ability of a material to resist water penetration under constant contact with increasing pressure [AATCC 1998]

As indicated in Table 3, the requirements for levels 1, 2, and 3 have specific test requirements associated with them. Only Level 4 gowns are tested for viral penetration resistance, and therefore only Level 4 garments are considered impermeable to viral penetration using ASTM F1671. The gowns complying with the lower levels (Level 1, 2, and 3) cannot be considered impermeable. However, Level 1–3 gowns can provide increasing resistance to liquids. ANSI/AAMI PB70 Level 1, 2, and 3 surgical/isolation gown-testing requirements only use water as a challenge. Because the surface tension of water is much higher than that of blood, blood can penetrate through fabrics more readily than water. Therefore, no correlation can be made between AATCC water resistance tests (AATCC 42 and AATCC 127) and ASTM F1671 viral penetration tests, and consequently, protection provided by Levels 1, 2, 3 gowns and that of Level 4 gowns. A common misunderstanding among many end-users is that they are protected from blood, body fluids, and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) when they wear any type of fluid-resistant garment or surgical or isolation gown.

Testing Laboratories
Nelson Laboratories, Inc. – Salt Lake City, UT, 84123
Notes

FDA Registered and ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board/ACLASS

Contact

Phone Number: (801) 290-7500
Email: sdrosner@nelsonlabs.com

Accreditations

ISO 17025

Scope of Accreditation

ASTM D5151 – 06(2015) , ASTM D6124 – 06(2017) , ANSI/AAMI PB70 , ASTM F1342 / F1342M – 05(2013)e1 , ASTM F1670 / F1670M – 17a , ASTM F1671 / F1671M – 13 , ASTM F1862 / F1862M – 17 , ASTM F2100 – 11(2018) , ASTM F2101 – 14 , ASTM F1819 – 07(2013) , ANSI/AAMI PB70 – Class 4 , ANSI/AAMI PB70 – Class 3

  • Must meet ANSI Z87.1 for splash protection
  • Must meet ANSI Z87.1 for splash protection
page2image1133025872

Must meet DOH requirements for the collection of Regulated Medical Waste (RMW) under Title 10 part 70-2.2

• Red plastic bag, of sufficient strength

• Must meet DOT requirements for the transportation of RMW under 49 CFR 173.197 (e)

• Cannot exceed a volume of 46 gallons, must pass tests prescribed for tear and impact resistance under ASTM D 1922 and ASTM D 1709 respectively. Must meet a tear resistance of 480grams in both parallel and perpendicular planes with respect to length of the bag and an impact resistance of 165 grams.

• Must meet OSHA requirements under 29 CFR 1910.1030(g)(1) (i)• Marked with a biohazard symbol

 

 

OSHA’s minimum requirements for sharps containers include:

• Closable;
• Puncture-resistant;

  • Leakproof on side and bottom; and

  • Labeled (Biohazard) or color-coded (red) in accordance with standard.

  • Production of a sharps container is regulated by the FDA as a Class II medical device that requires a 510(k) premarket notification.

  • Sharps containers must meet DOH requirements for the collection of RMW under Title 10 part 70-2.2

• Marked with a biohazard symbol, rigid, leakproof, puncture-resistant, and closable (Same as OSHA).

• Must meet DOT requirements for the transportation of sharps under 49 CFR 173.134(c)(2)(x)

• Securely closed to prevent leaks or punctures, less than 18-gallon capacity if transported in a wheeled rack, and made of puncture resistant plastic that meets ASTM standard F2132-01.

ASTM E2755-15 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Healthcare Personnel Hand Rub Formulations Using Hands of Adults

ASTM E1174-13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Health Care Personnel Handwash Formulations

ASTM E3058-16 Standard Test Method for Determining the Residual Kill Activity of Hand Antiseptic Formulations

CHINESE Certification / Guidelines / Standards for PPE

The Chinese standards system is administered by the Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China (SAC), a governmental organization under the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China (AQSIQ). AQSIQ itself is a ministerial-level organization under the authority of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China. The State Council tasks its administrative departments with managing the standardization work of their corresponding professional sectors. At the regional level (provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities), the regional government is in charge of administering a uniform standardization regime for the region. At the local level (city or county), the local government administers the standardization regime as specified by the relevant regional government.

Who is who in the Chinese Standardization

Administration for Quality Supervision Inspection & Quarantine (AQSIQ) 

  • Law-enforcement administrative organization of the State Council in the field of quality, metrology;
  • Entry-exit commodities inspection, entry-exit health quarantine, entry-exit animal and plant quarantine;
  • Certification, accreditation and standardization.

Function and Organizational Structure of AQSIQ

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China (AQSIQ) is a ministerial administrative organ directly under the State Council of the People’s Republic of China in charge of national quality, metrology, entry-exit commodity inspection, entry-exit health quarantine, entry-exit animal and plant quarantine, import-export food safety, certification and accreditation, standardization, as well as administrative law-enforcement.

AQSIQ has 19 in-house departments, i.e. General Office, Department of Legislation, Department of Quality Management, Department of Metrology, Department of Inspection and Quarantine Clearance, Department of Supervision on Health Quarantine, Department of Supervision on Animal and Plant Quarantine, Department of Supervision on Inspection, Bureau of Import and Export Food Safety, Bureau of Special Equipment Safety Supervision, Department of Supervision on Product Quality, Department of Supervision on Food Production, Department of Law Enforcement and Supervision [AQSIQ Office of Fight against Counterfeits], Department of International Cooperation(WTO Affairs Office), Department of Science and Technology, Department of Personnel, Department of Planning and Finance, Party Committee [PC] Office and Bureau of Retiree Cadres, In addition, assigned by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of CPC and the Ministry of Supervision, a Discipline Inspection Team and the Inspection Bureau resident permanently in AQSIQ.
AQSIQ undertakes to administrate the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the P.R. China (CNCA) and the Standardization Administration of the P.R. China (SAC). Both authorized by the State Council CNCA is a vice-ministerial-level department, exercising the administrative responsibilities by undertaking unified management, supervision and overall coordination of certification and accreditation activities across the country, and SAC, which is also a vice-ministerial-level department, performs nationwide administrative responsibilities and carries out unified management for standardization across the country.

There are 15 direct affiliates of AQSIQ as follows, which offer technical support for AQSIQ decision-making and implementing. AQSIQ Service Center, AQSIQ information Center, Research Center for international inspection and Quarantine Standard and Technical Regulation, China Bureau of Fiber Inspection, Chinese Academy for Inspection and Quarantine, China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS), National Institute of Metrology(NIM), China Quality Certification Center (CQC), China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment, China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Center (CSEI), Human Resource Development and Training Center, China Quality News, China Inspection and Quarantine Times, Standards Press of China(SPC), and China Metrology Publishing House.

The WTO/TBT and WTO/SPS National Enquiry Points of the P.R.C. are also located in AQSIQ.

Approved by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, 10 trade associations and federations are independently affiliated to AQSIQ. They are: China Entry/Exit Inspection and Quarantine Association, China International Travel Healthcare Association China Association for Quality Inspection, Chinese Measurement Association, China Certification and Accreditation Association, China Association for Standardization (CAS), Chinese Society for Measurement, China Trade Association for Anti-counterfeiting, China Association of Plant Engineering Consultants and China Association for Quality Promotion.

With purpose to perform the function of entry-exit inspection and quarantine, AQSIQ has set up in total 35 Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureaus (CIQ) in China’s 31 provinces, near 300 branches and more than 200 local offices across the country, with employees totaled over 30,000 in goods distributing center at sea ports, land ports and airports. AQSIQ provides direct leadership to all the CIQs.

The function of quality and technical supervision is performed through 31 provincial-level Bureaus of Quality and Technical Supervision, which, being the working departments of the respective provincial governments (and of autonomous regions, and municipalities), exercise the vertical management to the Bureaus of Quality and Technical Supervision below the provincial level. The total number of working staff engaged in quality and technical supervision is over 180,000 across the country. AQSIQ provides the provincial-level (and of autonomous regions, municipalities) Bureaus of Quality and Technical Supervision with technical guidance.

Standards Administration of China (SAC)

  • Establishes and overseas Chinese national standards;
  • Sets China’s annual national standards agenda;
  • Represents China at ISO, IEC, PASC, etc.

The below figure shows the hierarchy of AQSIQ in China government systems and its key organization that is relevant in the field of standardization, namely SAC (China Standardization Administration).

Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China (SAC) was established in April 2001 and authorized by the State Council to exercise administrative responsibilities by undertaking unified management, supervision and overall coordination of standardization works in China.

SAC represents China to join the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and other international and regional standardization organizations. SAC is responsible for organizing the activities of Chinese National Committee for ISO and IEC.

SAC approves and organizes the implementation of international cooperation and exchanging projects on standardization.

Main Duties:

  • Take part in the drafting and amending national standardization laws and regulations; develop and implement national-level guidelines and policies for standardization work; develop relevant administration rules and institutions for national standardization work; organize to implement standardization laws, regulations, rules and institutions;
  • Develop the national standardization development plan; organize, coordinate and develop the national standards (reference materials) development and revision plan;
  • Organize the development and revision of national standards; take charge of the unified examination, approval, numbering and publishing of national standards;
  • Manage the funding for national standards development and revision as well as ear-marking funds for standards research and standardization activities;
  • Administrate and provide guidance for standardization technology and relevant publicity, education and training;
  • Take charge of the coordination and management of national standardization technical committees;
  • Coordinate and provide guidance for industry and provincial standardization; take charge of the registry and documentation of industry and local standards;
  • Represent China to join ISO, IEC and other international or regional standardization organizations and undertake the national committee for ISO and IEC; administrate the work related to the participation in international or regional standardization activities; sign and execute international standards cooperation agreements, review and organize to implement international standardization cooperation and exchange projects; review the international participation activities in the standards field;
  • Administrate the organization institution bar code and article numbering 10. Take charge of the publicity, implementation and promotion of national standards; supervise the application of national standards;
  • Administrate the national standardization information work;
  • Follow the arrangement and coordination of AQSIQ, properly manage the standards-related notification and consulting as per the WTO/TBT protocols;
  • Undertake other tasks appointed by AQSIQ.

China Association For Standardization (CAS)

  • CAS is under the leadership of the AQSIQ and is instructed in business by the SAC;
  • Organizes academic seminars and arranges academy exchanges for both international and domestic experts;
  • Publishes notifications of national standards and related standardization information.

China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS)

  • Conducts research on standardization in various fields

Standards Press of China (SPC)

  • Publishes national standards, professional standards and other scientific and technical books

National Institute of Metrology (NIM) 

  • The highest state-level research center for metrology; the legal metrological technical center;
  • Establishes national primary standards and national standards of measurement;
  • Provides verification services and calibration services

Ministry of Information Industry Technology (MIIT)

  • Ministerial level organization administrating overall laws and regulations relating to Information Industry

China Electronics Standardization Institute (CESI)

  • Responsible for the publishing and distributing of electronic industrial standards (SJ);
  • Testing Body for CCC products approved by CNCA, Testing Center accredited by CNACL;
  • Secretariat for Chinese National Mirror Committee to JTC1 and IEC TC3/SC3D.

China Communication Standards Association (CCSA)

  • Carries out research and survey activities on communications standardization system;
  • Organizes technical seminars and research communications standards and related information.

Chinese standardization systemAs showed in the  figure, currently, there are 4 level of China standards, National standards (titled GB/GBT), Ministry standards ( titled as JB/JBT YY/YYT, etc ), provincial standards (titled as DB/DBT), and enterprises standards.

The national standards are managed by SAC and drafted by China national Technical committees. GB standards are compulsory standards (substantially equivalent to technical regulations in the sense of the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade) while GBT are voluntary standards.

Ministry Standards are managed and drafted by different ministries or previous ministry-level organizations that were merged into some other ministries. Besides National standards, which are approved by SAC, there are more than 60 organizations who can develop ministry standards.

Provincial or local standards are drafted by local governments with DB reference for compulsory standards and DBT for voluntary standards.

Enterprises standards are developed by industries and for their own use only.

China Standardization process

National standards

The elaboration of a national standard follows the steps below:

  • The  working  group  drafts  the  standard,  which  is  then  circulated  to stakeholders for public consultation;

  • The  draft  standard  is  revised  according  to  comments  received  from stakeholders;

  • The Technical Committee ballots the draft standard. If the draft standard is approved, the Working Group finalizes it. If the draft standard is rejected, it is revised for further balloting;

  • The final draft is then sent to SAC for verification;

  • SAC assigns a reference number to the standard and publishes it;

  • Each standard is usually reviewed every five years.

Professional standards

The professional standards are generally issued for unified technical requirements within a specific national industry when there are not corresponding national standards. As provided in the Standardization Law, the professional standards shall be administrated by various administrative departments/ministries of the State Council. In each ministry, there is a specific department which is in charge of the sector standardization for the new standard items register, final draft approval and issuance.

Like national standards, professional standards can be either mandatory or voluntary.
Here is the list of mandatory standards:

  1. Pharmaceutical, veterinary, pesticides, food hygiene products;

  2. Security and health of the transport, use of agricultural and industrial products and production;

  3. Health, safety and quality of construction;

  4. Important terminology, symbols, codes, documents and planning methods related to technology;

  5. Mutual cooperation;

  6. Products that require controls via testing and inspecting methods as well as agricultural and industrial products.

Standards not listed here are voluntary standards.

The national standardization technical committee or the centralized technical standardization unit are responsible for issuing a standard project and organizing its drafting and examination.
The competent centralized administration for professional standards has to send two copies of the standard project to the competent department of the State Council.

According to the requirements of the standard project, the Working Group in charge of the standard draft submits the draft to comments.
After soliciting the views of all stakeholders, the comments are sent to the National Standardization Technical Committee or to the centralized technical standardization unit for check and review.
When the National Standardization Technical Committee is in charge of examining the draft, it does it according to the “National Standardization Technical Committee Charter”.

When the centralized technical standardization unit is in charge of examining the draft, the presence of manufacturers, users, distributors, researchers from important institutions is required. The users’ proportion cannot be lower than one quarter of the present representatives.

The standard project examination can be carried out by means of meetings or by written. The project must be fully discussed, in order to reach consensus. The agreement of at least three quarters of the delegates attending the meeting is needed for the project to be approved. When it is a written agreement, three quarters of the replies should be in favour. The results should accurately reflect the views of all sides. The participation rate and the reply rate cannot be lower than two thirds.

The professional standards are approved, numbered and published by the centralized administration for professional standards.

The results of the examination should respect the summary record of the meeting or the conclusions of the written examination.
Both voluntary and mandatory standards projects must be commented by the National Standardization Technical Committee or the centralized technical standardization unit and approved by the centralized administration for professional standards.

Each standard is usually reviewed within five years.

The review is organized by the centralized administration for professional standards and performed by the National Standardization Technical Committee or the centralized technical standardization unit.

The review can be performed by means of meetings or by writing. For the review of a standard, the same examination unit and delegates that worked for the standard elaboration are required.

Local standards

If there is no national, industry or existing local standard, a standard project can be submitted. Local standards can be mandatory or voluntary.

• Project

According to needs, competent authorities of the municipality, the technical committee, or the municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision can draft a project of creation of a local standard.

• Drafting and comments

  1. After the approval of the project, the group in charge of drafting conducts research and collects comprehensive information. After analysis of the data, and according to the requirements for standardization, the draft is submitted to comments;

  2. The drafting unit communicates the comments to all of the related authorities by means of meetings or by written;

  3. The drafting unit put the collected information in a summary table and the standard is sent for examination;

  4. After audit with competent authorities, the municipal Bureau of quality, technical Supervision examines the standard;

  5. If the procedure is not finished in due time, the municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision must, by written, explain the reasons and apply for an extension of maximum 1 year. Beyond that period, the project is abandoned.

• Examination

  1. The municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision or the competent authority, according to the stipulation of the standard examination committee, can examine the standard along with a group of 7 experts from standardization technical committees, industrial associations, institutes or technical and scientific research institute;

  2. The examination committee analyses whether the standard project does not go against law, stipulations, regulations, but also against related national and professional standards;

  3. The examination committee must organize meetings with stakeholders for balloting. The draft needs at least three quarters of the votes to be concluded and signed.

• Approval and filing

  1. After the final technical report drafted by competent authorities, the draft standard is sent to the municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision for approval;

  2. The municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision puts the approved standard for public review for a maximum of 30 days;

  3. If the draft standard is not opposed (or not for valid reasons), the standard is approved by the municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision, numbered then published;

  4. After being published, the municipal Bureau must send the approved standards to the provincial Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision within 30 days for them to file the standard.

Enterprise standards

Enterprise standards are never mandatory and are developed by individual companies on their own initiative – an enterprise standard is usually filling a gap in the market.

Standards are the key to guide the production and operations of enterprises. If there is no standard issued by higher authority, the products follow enterprises standards. Application

In order to launch a standard project, local enterprises have to address their municipal or county Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision.

• Request

The enterprise willing to draft a standard should form a group of expert on standardization of the related field so that they can carry out a technical examination.

• Procedure

The enterprise standards procedure follows the same steps as the local standards process.

CodeStandard IdentifierStandard Title in English
1GB 19083-2010Technical Requirements for Protective Face Masks for Medical Use
2GB 19082-2009Technical Requirements for Single-use Protective Clothing for Medical Use
3GB/T 38462-2020Textiles – Nonwoven Fabrics for Isolation Gowns
4GB/T 38014-2019Textiles-Protective Nonwoven Fabrics for Surgical Use
5GB/T 32610-2016Technical Specification of Daily Protective Mask
6GB/T 38413-2019Textiles – Test Methods for Filtration of Particulate Matter
7GB/T 12704.1-2009Textiles – Test Methods for Water-Vapour Transmission of Fabrics – Part 1: Desiccant Method
8GB/T 5455-2014Textiles – Burning Behaviour – Determination of Damaged Length, Afterglow Time and Afterflame Time of Vertically Oriented Specimens
9GB/T 12703.3-2009Textiles – Evaluation for Electrostatic Properties – Part 3: Electric Charge
10GB/T 24120-2009Textiles – Determination of Resistance to Water/Alcohol Solutions
11GB/T 14295-2019Air Filters
12GB/T 34012-2017Air Cleaners for Ventilation Systems
13GB/T 24787-2009Single-use Non-sterile Rubber Surgical Gloves – Specifications

Comparison of Standards for Medical Protection Products between China and Europe by SAC

During the Covid-19 epidemic, the exchange of medical protection supplies between China and Europe has shown great significance. SAC (State Administration of China), for the convenience of Europe’s stakeholders to be aware of standards for personal protection products in China, has compared European and Chinese standards for 4 categories of PPE products, organizing China’s related technical committees on standardization and research institutes.

These products include masks, protective clothing, gloves and eye-protectors. In addition, SAC also translated and released the English version of Chinese standards for reference.

Meanwhile, on 1st April 2020, China National Medical Products Administration, Ministry of Commerce, and  General Administration of Customs together made notice, said that

“ In order to support the world to fight against Covid-19 and ensure good product quality and safety and orderly export of medical supplies, Chinese enterprises that export testing kits of coronavirus, medical face masks, medical protective clothes, respirators, infrared thermometers, should provide a written or electronic declaration when declaring to customs since April 1,2020. This written or electronic declaration is a commitment that the enterprise has obtained the registration certificate for medical device, and the product it has manufactured is up to the requirements of standards of importing countries. The General Administration Customs shall examine and release the products in accordance with the registration certificate approved by National Medical Products Administration. The above-mentioned measure should be adjusted in line with changes of the epidemic.” http://www.mofcom.gov.cn/article/b/e/202003/20200302950371.shtml

Which means that the products exported from China to EU, firstly need to comply with Chinese standards, which make the comparison even more important.

The comparison chart of PPE products in China and Europe is presented below.

List of Pandemic Prevention Product Standards

Type

No.

European Standards

Chinese Standards

Mask

1

EN 149:2001+A1:2009

Respiratory protective devices – Filtering half masks to protect against particles – Requirements, testing, marking

GB 2626-2006

Respiratory protective equipment. non-powered air-purifying particle respirator

Revised to GB 2626-2019 (effective on 01 July 2020)

Respiratory protection—Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator

2

EN 14683:2019

‘Medical face masks – Requirements and test methods’

YY 0469-2011   Surgical mask

YY/T 0969-2013  Single-use medical face mask

3

 

GB/T 32610-2016

Technical specification of daily protective mask

Protective clothing

4

EN ISO 13688:2013 Protective clothing – General requirements (ISO 13688:2013)

GB/T 20097-2006 (MOD ISO 13688:1998)

Protective clothing – General requirements

5

EN 13795-1:2019

Surgical clothing and drapes – Requirements and test methods – Part 1: Surgical drapes and gowns

YY/T 0506.1—2005

Surgical drapes, gowns and clean air suits for patients, clinical staff and equipment – Part 1: General requirements for manufacturers, processors and products

6

EN 13795-2:2019

Surgical clothing and drapes – Requirements and test methods – Part 2: Clean air suits

YY/T 0506.2 – 2016

Surgical drapes, gowns and clean air suits for patients, clinical staff and equipment – Part 2: Performance requirements and test methods

7

EN 14126:2003 + AC 2004

Protective clothing – Performance requirements and tests methods for protective clothing against infective agents

GB 19082-2009

Technical requirements for single-use protective clothing for medical use

8

EN 14605:2009 + A1:2009

Protective clothing against liquid chemicals – performance requirements for clothing with liquid-tight (Type 3) or spray-tight (Type 4) connections, including items providing protection to parts of the body only

GB 24539-2009 Protective clothing. Performance requirements of chemical protective clothing.

 

9

EN ISO 13982-1:2004/Amd 1:2010 Protective clothing for use against solid particulates — Part 1: Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing providing protection to the full body against airborne solid particulates (type 5 clothing) — Amendment 1

GB 24539-2009 Protective clothing. Performance requirements of chemical protective clothing

GB/T 29511-2013 Protective clothing. Chemical protective clothing against solid particulates.

Eye-protectors

10

EN 166:2001

Personal eye-protection – Specifications

GB 14866-2006

The specifications for personal eye-protectors

Gloves

11

EN 455-2:2015

Medical gloves for single use – Part 2: Requirements and testing for physical properties (MMD)

GB 7543-2006

Single-use sterile rubber surgical gloves

12

EN 455-4:2009

Medical gloves for single use – Part 4: Requirements and testing for shelf life determination (MDD)

GB/T 24787-2009

Single-use non-sterile rubber surgical gloves

13

EN 455-1:2000

Medical gloves for single use – Part 1: Requirements and testing for freedom from holes (MDD)

GB 10213-2006

Single-use medical rubber examination gloves

14

EN 455-3:2015

Medical gloves for single use – Part 3: Requirements and testing for biological evaluation (MDD)

GB 24786-2009

Single-use medical poly(vinyl chloride)examination gloves

The comparison report for these standards are made by SAC and are attached below.

Annex 1 Comparison of Standards of Surgical Masks

Annex 2 Comparison of Respiratory Protective Equipment Standards

Annex 3 Comparison of Single-use Medical Rubber Gloves Standards

Annex 4 Comparison of Medical Protective Clothing Standards

Annex 5 Comparison of Personal Protective Equipment Standards

Annex 6 Comparison of Personal Eye Protector Standards

The English versions of the relevant Chinese standards are also translated by SAC and are attached below

GB 2626-2019 Respiratory protection — Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator

GB 14866-2006 The specifications for personal eye-protectors

GB 19082-2009 Technical Requirements for Single-use Protective Clothing for Medical Use

GB 19083-2010 Technical requirements for protective face mask for medical use

GB 24788-2009 Limit for the removable surface powder and water-extractable protein of medical gloves

GB T 18664-2002 Selection use and maintenance of respiratory protective equipment

GB T 24787-2009 Single-use non-sterile rubber surgical gloves

GB-24788-2009-Limit-for-the-removable-surface-powder-and-water-extractable-protein-of-medical-gloves

GB T 32610-2016 Technical specification of daily protective mask

YY 0469-2011 Surgical Mask

Annex1

Comparison of Standards of Surgical Masks

Surgical masks are mainly used in the operating room or other similar medical environment. The focus is to prevent the possible spatter of blood, fluid through the mask to contaminate the wearer. The key core indicators are generally filtration efficiency, blood penetration, microorganisms, pressure difference, etc.

Surgical masks in China shall comply with YY0469 standard, and the surgical masks in EU shall comply with EN14683 standard:

  • For particle filtration efficiency, YY 0469-2011 stipulates particle filtration rate (PFE) ≥ 30%, while EN14683-2019 has no requirement;
  • For bacterial filtration efficiency, YY 0469-2011 stipulates that bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE) ≥95%, while in EN14683-2019 there’re three classes: Type I:≥95%, Type II and Type IIR:≥98%;
  • For blood penetrability, the requirement in YY 0469-2011 ≥16kPa, while EN14683-2019 only requires Type IIR, with the index ≥16kPa.

Comparison of key requirements between two standards is listed in Table 1-1.

Table 1-1 Comparison of key requirements between two standards

Country

China

European Union

Product

surgical masks

surgical masks

Standard

YY0469-2011

Surgical Masks

EN 14683-2019

Surgical Masks-Requirements and Test Methods

Scope

Suitable for disposable masks worn by clinical medical personnel during invasive operation

Suitable for use in surgery or other similar medical environment to limit the spread of pollutants produced by other workers to patients, and to effectively block the discharge of pollutants from the mouth and nose of suspected carriers or patients with clinical symptoms.

Tightness

X

X

Particle Filtration Efficiency (PFE)

≧30%

X

Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE)

≧95%

Type I:≥95%

Type II、Type IIR:≥98%

Pressure Difference

√(≤49Pa)

Type I and Type II:≤40Pa

Type IIR:≤60Pa(kPa)√

Blood Penetration

√(≥16kPa)

Type I and Type II:X

Type IIR:≥16(kPa)√

Surface Moisture Resistance

X

X

Microbiological Index

Flammability

√(The masks should burn no more than 5 S after leaving the flame)

X

Exhalation Value

X

X

Marking

Standard number, product name, production date and batch number, manufacturer’s name and contact information, product registration certificate number, instructions for use, words and symbols of “disposable use”.If the product is sterilized, the corresponding sterilization mark shall be provided, indicating the sterilization method and the sterilization period.Specification, size and tolerance. And product use.

Standard number and mask type (Type I, Type II or Type IIR)

Note: The comparison provided is only technical information based on text comparison and cannot be used as a legal basis for the foreign party to choose Chinese products.

Annex 2

Comparison of Respiratory Protective Equipment Standards—Non-powered Air-purifying Particle Respirator

Respiratory protective equipment—non-powered air-purifying particle respirator is mainly used in all kinds of places where aerosol particles exist, including all kinds of occupational places and daily places. The main function of the mask is to block liquid and solid particles into the wearer’s respiratory tract through the filter material of the mask and the tightness design of the mask body. Key core indicators mainly include filtration efficiency, leakage rate, respiratory resistance, etc. Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator shall meet the standard GB 2626 in China, and meet the standard EN149 in European Union.

For penetration of filter material/ filtration efficiency:

In GB 2626-2006, KN classes test Nacl only, KP classes test Paraffin oil only. Requirements of filtration efficiency: KN90≥90%, KN95≥95%, KN100≥99.97%; KP90 ≥90%, KP95≥95%, KP100≥99.97%.

In EN 149:2001+A1:2009, both Nacl and Parrafin oil tests are required. Requirements of filtration efficiency: FFP1≥80%, FFP2≥94%, FFP3≥99%. In general, the penetration/ filtration efficiency requirements are similar in both standards.

For Inward leakage:

Both standards are setting out same level of requirements for the Total Inward Leakage (TIL). In both GB 2626-2006 and EN 149:2001+A1:2009 at least 46 out of 50 individual TIL results and at least 8 out of 10 individual wearer TIL means are required.

The requirements are as follows:

KN90/KP90/FFP1: At least 46 out of 50 individual results≤25%, at least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means≤22%;

KN95/KP95/FFP2: At least 46 out of 50 individual results≤11%, at least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means≤8%;

KN100/KP100/FFP3: At least 46 out of 50 individual results≤5%, at least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means≤2%.

For breathing resistance:

In GB 2626-2006, all classes: Inhalation resistance≤350Pa at continuous flow, 85LPM;all classes: exhalation resistance≤250Pa; at continuous flow, 85LPM.

In EN 149:2001+A1:2009: Inhalation resistance, at continuous flow, 95LPM, FFP1≤210Pa, FFP2≤240Pa, FFP3≤300Pa; Exhalation resistance, at continuous flow, 160LPM, all classes: ≤300Pa.

Comparison of key requirements from two standards is listed in table 2-1:

Table2-1 Comparison of key requirements between two standards

Country

China

European Union

Product

Particle filtering half masks

Particle filtering half masks

Standard

GB 2626-2006 Respiratory protective equipment—

Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator

EN 149:2001+A1:2009

Respiratory protective devices – Filtering half masks to protect against particles – Requirements, testing, marking (Incorporates Amendment A1: 2009)

Scope

Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator against various particles

Non-powered air-purifying particle half mask against various particles

Inward Leakage

TIL

At least 46 out of 50 individual results

At least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means

TIL

At least 46 out of 50 individual results

At least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means

KN90/KP90

≤25%

≤22%

FFP1

≤25%

≤22%

KN95/KP95

≤11%

≤8%

FFP2

≤11%

≤8%

KN100/KP100

≤5%

≤2%

FFP3

≤5%

≤2%

Filtration Efficiency

KN

Test Nacl only

KN90 ≥90%

FFP1: Nacl and paraffin oil filtration efficiency≥80%

KN95 ≥95%

KN100 ≥99.97%

FFP2: Nacl and paraffin oil filtration efficiency≥94%

KP

Test Paraffin oil only

KP90 ≥90%

KP95 ≥95%

FFP3: Nacl and paraffin oil filtration efficiency≥99%

KP100 ≥99.97%

Breathing Resistance

All classes:

Inhalation resistance≤350Pa;

Continuous flow, 85LPM

Inhalation resistance:

FFP1≤210Pa;

         FFP2≤240Pa;

         FFP3≤300Pa;

95LPM

All classes:

Exhalation resistance≤250Pa;

Continuous flow, 85LPM

Exhalation resistance:

All classes≤300Pa;

160LPM

Flammability

√ Not continue to burn more than 5s after removal from fire.

√ Not continue to burn more than 5s after removal from fire.

Exhalation valve

Allow

Allow

Marking

On the product:

The name, trademark or other means of identification of the manufacturer or supplier;Type-identifying marking;Number and  year of the standard and class of product:GB 2626-2006 KN95;

On the smallest commercially availablepackaging:The name, trademark or other means of identification of the manufacturer or supplier;Type-identifying marking;Number and year of the standard and class of product:GB 2626-2006 KN95;Production date(at lease the year)or batch number,Storage life(at lease the year);“see information supplied by the manufacturer”;manufacturer’s recommended storage condition(at least temperature and humidity)

On the product:

The name, trademark or other means of identification of the manufacturer or supplier;Type-identifying marking;Number and  year of the standard and class of product: e.g. EN 149:2001+A1:2009 FFP2 NR

On the smallest commercially available packaging; The name, trademark or other means of identification of the manufacturer or supplier;Type-identifying marking;Number and  year of the standard and level of product: e.g. EN 149:2001+A1:2009 FFP2 NR;Production date(at lease the year)or batch number,Storage life(at lease the year);“see information supplied by the manufacturer”;manufacturer’s recommended storage condition(at least temperature and humidity)

Note: The comparison provided is only technical information based on text comparison and cannot be used as a legal basis for the foreign party to choose Chinese products.

GB 10213:2006- GB10213:2006 is Chinese standard for single–use medical rubber examination gloves. In Europe, single-use medical rubber gloves shall comply with EU standards EN 455-1, EN 455-2, EN 455-3 and EN 455-4. It follow ISO 11193 specification.

  • Latex Examination ISO 11193 Specification
    • Length: Min 220 mm (XS-S), MIN 230 mm (M-XL)
    • Thickness Single wall finger and Palm: smooth Min 0.08 mm /Textured Min 0.11 mm
    • Elongation (Before/After aging): Before 650%/ After 500%.
    • Force (Before/After aging) – Before 7N/ After 6N
    • Waterlight test: AQL 2.5.
  • Nitrile Examination ISO 11193 Specification
  • Length : Min 220 mm (XS-S), MIN 230 mm (M-XL)
  • Thickness Single wall finger and Palm : smooth Min 0.08 mm /Textured Min 0.11 mm
  • Elongation (Before/After aging): Before 500%/ After 400%
  • Force (Before/After aging) : Before 7N/ After 7N
  • Waterlight test : AQL 2.5

GB 7543-2006 Single-use Sterile Rubber Surgical Gloves.

Annex 3

Comparison of Single-use Medical Rubber Gloves Standards

Single-use medical rubber gloves are mainly used for medical examination and diagnosis, to prevent cross-infection between patients and users during surgical operation, and to handle contaminated medical materials. At present, Single-use medical rubber gloves produced in China include three types: single-use medical rubber inspection gloves, single-use sterilized rubber surgical gloves and single-use non-sterilized rubber surgical gloves.

The main technical requirements of single-use medical rubber gloves are classifications, material requirements, dimensions, tensile properties, water-tightness, sterilization, sampling program and packaging labeling requirements.

Chinese standards for single-use medical rubber gloves are: GB 10213-2006 Single-use Medical Rubber Inspection Gloves, GB 7543-2006 Single-use Sterile Rubber Surgical Gloves, GB/T 24787-2009 Single-use Non-sterile Rubber Surgical Gloves. In Europe, single-use medical rubber gloves shall comply with EU standards EN 455-1, EN 455-2, EN 455-3 and EN 455-4.

Chinese current national standards GB 10213-2006 (equivalent to ISO 11193.1-2002) and GB 7543-2006 (equivalent to ISO 10282:2004) are in line with ISO standards. GB/T 24787-2009 is a standard independently formulated by China. The comparison between the technical level of the three standards and between GB and the EU standards EN 455-1, EN 455-2, EN 455-3 and EN 455-4 is listed in table 3-1.

Table 3-1 Comparison of Chinese and European Standards for Single-use Medical Rubber Gloves

 

China

EU Standards

Analysis and Specification

Standard number and name

GB 10213-2006 Single-use medical rubber examination gloves (IDT ISO 11193.1: 2002)

GB 7543-2006 Single-use sterile rubber surgical gloves (IDT ISO 10282:2014)

EN 455-1: 2000 Medical gloves for single use- Part 1: Requirements and testing for freedom from holes

EN 455-2: 2015 Medical gloves for single use- Part 2: Requirements and testing for physical properties

EN 455-3: 2015 Medical Gloves for Single Use – Part 3: Requirements and Testing for Biological Evaluation

EN 455-4: 2009 Medical gloves for single use- part 4: Requirements and testing for shelf life determination

EU standards can be divided into 4 parts according to different requirements for gloves: water impermeability, physical properties, biological evaluation and storage requirements

Classification

Type 1: Made from natural rubber latex

Type 1: Made from natural rubber latex

——

——

——

——

Not classified by EU standards

Type 2: Made from synthetic rubber latex

Type 2: Made from synthetic rubber latex

     

Material

Compounded rubber: natural rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, styrene-butadiene rubber, iso-amyl rubber, styrene rubber, thermoplastic elastomer solution, or styrene-biphenyl rubber.

Compounded rubber: natural rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, styrene-butadiene rubber, iso-amyl rubber, styrene rubber, thermoplastic elastomer solution, or styrene-biphenyl rubber.

——

——

——

——

The main material of glove is not given clearly, but it is reflected in the tensile property requirement of physical properties

 

For ease of wear, a lubricant, powder, or polymer coating complying to ISO 10993 can be used for surface treatment.

     
 

Any paint used should be non-toxic. The transportable substance used for surface treatment shall be bioabsorbable.

     
 

Gloves provided to users shall comply with the requirements of the relevant part of ISO 10993. Where necessary, the manufacturer shall make it easy for the purchaser to obtain information that meets these requirements

     

Water-tightness

Water-tightness

Water-tightness

Water-tightness

——

——

——

 

Sterilization

If sterilization is needed, the types of glove sterilization treatment shall be marked as required.

If sterilization is needed, the types of glove sterilization treatment shall be marked as required.

——

——

——

——

EU sterilization test shall be carried out in accordance with the sterilization method specified in EN ISO 11607.

 

Tensile properties

Breaking force before aging: ≥7.0N

Breaking force before aging: Type 1≥12.5N;Type 2≥9.1N

——

Surgical gloves:

≥9.0N

Examination / procedure

≥6.0N (non-plastic materials such as PVC, PE),

≥3.6N (plastic  (Such as PVC, PE).

——

——

70 ℃ × 7 days before and after aging with the same performance.

 

Fixed extension load 300% before aging:Type 1≥2.0N; Type 2≥3.0N

     

Elongation at break before aging: Type 1 ≥650%, Type 2 ≥500%

Elongation at break before aging: Type 1 ≥700%, Type 2 ≥600%

    

Because the minimum thickness of gloves is not specified in EU standards, and the types of cutters used in the test are different, the width of the test specimen is 3mm. Therefore, it is no comparable regarding this performance.

Breaking force after aging: Type 1 ≥6.0N; Type 2 ≥7.0N

Breaking force after aging: Type 1 ≥9.5N; Type 2 ≥9.0N

     

Elongation at break after aging: Type 1 ≥500%; Type 2 ≥400%

Elongation at break after aging: Type 1 ≥550%; Type 2 ≥500%

     

Limit of powder residue

Not specified

Not specified

  

≤2.0mg

 

GB 24788-2009 has same corresponding requirements.

Chemicals

    

The content of chemicals used shall not exceed the limit specified in ISO 10993-2017, and as small as possible, the chemicals used shall not affect the user’s health.

 

The regulations in GB standards compliance with all requirements specified in ISO 10993.

Endotoxicity

    

≤20 each glove

 

The requirements in the GB standard meet all the requirements of ISO 10993. 

Water extraction protein

    

The minimum water extraction protein content shall be indicated.

 

In GB 24788-2009 it is required that this value shall be not exceed 200 μg/ dm2. However, there is no maximum limit in EU standards. 

Shelf life

     

For any new product or change, the product should be tested for shelf life.

 
ASTM

RoHS

Masks

ASTM F2299/F2299M-03(2017) Standard Test Method for Determining the Initial Efficiency of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Particulates Using Latex Spheres

ASTM F2101-19 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) of Medical Face Mask Materials, Using a Biological Aerosol of Staphylococcus aureus

ASTM F2100-19e1 Standard Specification for Performance of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks

ASTM F1862/F1862M-17 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Synthetic Blood (Horizontal Projection of Fixed Volume at a Known Velocity)

ASTM F1494-14 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

Medical Gowns

ASTM F2407-06(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Surgical Gowns Intended for Use in Healthcare Facilities

ASTM F1671/F1671M-13 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Blood-Borne Pathogens Using Phi-X174 Bacteriophage Penetration as a Test System

ASTM F1868-17 Standard Test Method for Thermal and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing Materials Using a Sweating Hot Plate

ASTM D751-19 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

ASTM D1683/D1683M-17(2018) Standard Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Fabrics

ASTM D1776/D1776M-20 Standard Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles

ASTM D5034-09(2017) Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

ASTM D5587-15(2019) Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure

ASTM D6701-16 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Vapor Transmission Rates Through Nonwoven and Plastic Barriers

ASTM F1494-14 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

Gloves

ASTM D6319-19 Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM D3578-19 Standard Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves

ASTM D5250-19 Standard Specification for Poly(vinyl chloride) Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM D6977-19 Standard Specification for Polychloroprene Examination Gloves for Medical Application

Hand Sanitizers

ASTM E2755-15 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Healthcare Personnel Hand Rub Formulations Using Hands of Adults

ASTM E1174-13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Health Care Personnel Handwash Formulations

ASTM E3058-16 Standard Test Method for Determining the Residual Kill Activity of Hand Antiseptic Formulations

ASTM E1838-17 Standard Test Method for Determining the Virus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using the Fingerpads of Adults

ASTM E2613-14 Standard Test Method for Determining Fungus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using Fingerpads of Adults

ASTM E2870-19 Standard Practice for Evaluating Relative Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Handwashing Formulations using the Palmar Surface and Mechanical Hand Sampling

ASTM E2011-13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Formulations for Virus-Eliminating Activity Using the Entire Hand

Ventilators

ASTM F3387-19 Standard Practice for Respiratory Protection

Thermometers

ASTM E1104-98(2016) Standard Specification for Clinical Thermometer Probe Covers and Sheaths

 

All ASTM Content

A20/A20M-1993a Standard Specification for General requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels

A20/A20M-1997b

Current Active Version: A20/A20M-2019

 

A36/A36M-1997ae1 Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

Current Active Version: A36/A36M-2019

 

A47-1968 Standard Specifications For Malleable Iron Castings

A47M-1990

A47M-1990(1996)

 

A53-1976 Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated Welded and Seamless

A53-1979

A53-1993a

A53-1996

A53/A53M-1998a

A53/A53M-2010

Current Active Version: A53/A53M-2020

 

A74-1975 Standard Specification for Cast Iron Soil Pipe And Fittings

A74-1992

Current Active Version: A74-2020

 

A82-1979 Standard Specification for Cold-Drawn Steel Wire For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A1064/A1064M

 

A99-1976 Standard Specification for Ferromanganese

A99-1982(1992)

A99-1982(2000)

Current Active Version: A99-2003(2019)

 

A100-1969(1974) Standard Specification for Ferrosilicon

A100-1993(2000)

Current Active Version: A100-2007(2018)

 

A101-1973 Standard Specification for Ferrochromium

A101-1993(2000)

Current Active Version: A101-2004(2019)

 

A106-1995 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

A106/A106M-2004

A106/A106M-2004b

A106/A106M-2010

Current Active Version: A106/A106M-2019a

 

A109/A109M-1998a Standard Specification for Steel, Strip, Carbon (0.25 Maximum Percent), Cold-Rolled

Current Active Version: A109/A109M-2016(2018)

 

A116-1973 Standard Specification for Zinc- Coated (Galvanized) Iron Or Steel Farm- Field And Railroad Right-Of-Way Wire Fencing

Current Active Version: A116-2011(2016)

 

A126-1966 Standard Specifications For Gray Iron Castings For Valves, Flanges, And Pipe Fittings

A126-1995e1

Current Active Version: A126-2004(2019)

 

A134-1996 Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over)

A134-1996(2012)

Current Active Version: A134/A134M-2019

 

A135-1997c Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe

Current Active Version: A135/A135M-2019

 

A139-1996 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over)

Current Active Version: A139/A139M-2016

 

A148/A148M-1993b(1998) Standard Specification for Steel Castings, High Strength, for Structural Purposes

Current Active Version: A148/A148M-2020e1

 

A153-1982(1987) Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware

Current Active Version: A153/A153M-2016a

 

A167-1977 Standard Specification for Stainless And Heat-Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet. And Strip

 

A178/A178M-1995(2000) Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel and Carbon-Manganese Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

Current Active Version: A178/A178M-2019

 

A179/A179M-1990a(2005) Standard Specification for Seamless Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes

A179/A179M-1990a(2012)

Current Active Version: A179/A179M-2019

 

A182/A182M-1997c Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A182/A182M-2020

 

A184-1979 Standard Specification for Fabricated Deformed Steel Bar Mats For Concrete Reinforcement

Current Active Version: A184/A184M-2019

 

A185-1979 Standard Specification for Welded Steel Wire Fabric For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A1064/A1064M

 

A192/A192M-1991(1996)e1 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes for High-Pressure Service

Current Active Version: A192/A192M-2017

 

A193-1990a Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for High-Temperature Service

A193/A193M-1998a

Current Active Version: A193/A193M-2020

 

A194/A194M-1998b Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure or High Temperature Service, or Both

Current Active Version: A194/A194M-2020a

 

A197M-1987(1992) Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron [Metric] (Withdrawn 1999)

A197/A197M-1998

Current Active Version: A197/A197M-2000(2019)

 

A203/A203M-1997 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel

A203/A203M-1997(2007)e1

Current Active Version: A203/A203M-2017

 

A210/A210M-1996 Standard Specification for Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

Current Active Version: A210/A210M-2019

 

A213/A213M-1995a Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes

Current Active Version: A213/A213M-2019a

 

A214/A214M-1996 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes

A214/A214M-1996(2012)

Current Active Version: A214/A214M-2019

 

A216/A216M-1993(1998) Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for Fusion Welding, for High- Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A216/A216M-2018

 

A226/A226M-1995 Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Boiler Superheater Tubes for High-Pressure Service (Withdrawn 1997)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

A234/A234M-1997 Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and High Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A234/A234M-2019

 

A240/A240M-1999b Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications

Current Active Version: A240/A240M-2020

 

A242-1979 Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel

A242-1981

Current Active Version: A242/A242M-2013(2018)

 

A249/A249M-1996a Standard Specification for Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes

Current Active Version: A249/A249M-2018a

 

A262-1998 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels

Current Active Version: A262-2015

 

A268/A268M-1996 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service

Current Active Version: A268/A268M-2020

 

A276-1998b Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes

Current Active Version: A276/A276M-2017

 

A285-1978 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, Low- and Intermediate-Tensile Strength

Current Active Version: A285/A285M-2017

 

A300-1958 Standard Specification for Steel Plates For Pressure Vessels For Service At Low Temperatures

A300-1968

 

A302/A302M-1993 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Manganese-Molybdenum and Manganese-Molybdenum-Nickel

A302/A302M-1997e1

Current Active Version: A302/A302M-2017

 

A307-1978 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Externally Threaded Standard Fasteners

A307-1997

Current Active Version: A307-2014e1

 

A308-1978e1 Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Long Terne Coated

 

A312/A312M-1995ae1 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes

Current Active Version: A312/A312M-2019

 

A320/A320M-1997 Standard Specification for Alloy/Steel Bolting Materials for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A320/A320M-2018

 

A325-1979 Standard Specification for High-Strength Bolts For Structural Steel Joints

 

A333-1967 Standard Specifications For Seamless And Welded Steel Pipe For Low-Temperature Service

A333/A333M-1994

A333/A333M-2011

Current Active Version: A333/A333M-2018

 

A334/A334M-1996 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A334/A334M-2004a(2016)

 

A335/A335M-1995a Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A335/A335M-2019a

 

A350/A350M-1997 Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components

Current Active Version: A350/A350M-2018

 

A351/A351M-1994 Standard Specification for Castings, Austenitic, Austenitic- Ferritic (Duplex), for Pressure-Containing Parts

Current Active Version: A351/A351M-2018e1

 

A352/A352M-1993(1998) Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A352/A352M-2018a

 

A358/A358M-1995ae1 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A358/A358M-2019

 

A361-1976(1981)e1 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) By The Hot-Dip Process For Roofing And Siding

 

A366/A366M-1997e1 Standard Specification for Commercial Steel (CS) Sheet, Carbon (0.15 Maximum Percent) Cold-Rolled (Withdrawn 2000)

Replaced By: A1008/A1008M

 

A369/A369M-1992 Standard Specification for Carbon and Ferritic Alloy Steel Forged and Bored Pipe for High-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A369/A369M-2018a

 

A370-1968 Standard Methods And Definitions For Mechanical Testing Of Steel Products

A370-1994

A370-1997a

Current Active Version: A370-2019e1

 

A372/A372M-2003(2008) Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels

A372/A372M-2010

Current Active Version: A372/A372M-2020e1

 

A376/A376M-1998 Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Central-Station Service

Current Active Version: A376/A376M-2019

 

A381-1996(2001) Standard Specification for Metal-Arc-Welded Steel Pipe for Use With High-Pressure Transmission Systems

A381-1996(2005)

Current Active Version: A381/A381M-2018

 

A391-1965 Standard Specifications For Alloy Steel Chain

Current Active Version: A391/A391M-2007(2012)

 

A395-1968 Standard Specifications For Ductile Iron For Pressure Containing Castings For Use At Elevated Temperatures

A395/A395M-1998

Current Active Version: A395/A395M-1999(2018)

 

A403/A403M-1998 Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings

Current Active Version: A403/A403M-2020

 

A412-1975 Standard Specification for Stainless And Heat-Resisting Chromium-Nickel-Manganese Steel Plate, Sheet, And Strip

 

A416-1974 Standard Specification for Uncoated Seven-Wire Stress-Relieved Strand For Prestressed Concrete

Current Active Version: A416/A416M-2018

 

A420/A420M-1996 Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A420/A420M-2020

 

A421/A421M-1998a Standard Specification for Uncoated Stress-Relieved Steel Wire for Prestressed Concrete

Current Active Version: A421/A421M-2015

 

A441-1979 Standard Specification for High- Strength Low- Alloy Structural Manganese Vanadium Steel

A441-1981

 

A446-1976(1981)e1 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) By The Hot-Dip Process, Structural (Physical) Quality

Replaced By: A653/A653M

 

A449-1978a Standard Specification for Quenched And Tempered Steel Bolts And Studs

Current Active Version: A449-2014

 

A475-1978 Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated Steel Wire Strand

Current Active Version: A475-2003(2014)

 

A482-1976 Standard Specification for Ferrochrome-Silicon

A482-1993(2000)

Current Active Version: A482/A482M-2011(2016)

 

A483-1964(1980) Standard Specification for Silicomanganese

A483-1964(1994)

A483-1964(2000)

Current Active Version: A483/A483M-2010(2020)

 

A490-1979 Standard Specification for Quenched And Tempered Alloy Steel Bolts For Structural Steel Joints

 

A495-1976 Standard Specification for Calcium-Silicon And Calcium-Manganese-Silicon

A495-1994(2000)

Current Active Version: A495-2006(2020)

 

A496-1978 Standard Specification for Deformed Steel Wire For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A1064/A1064M

 

A497-1979 Standard Specification for Welded Deformed Steel Wire Fabric For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A1064/A1064M

 

A500-1978 Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded And Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing In Rounds And Shapes

Current Active Version: A500/A500M-2020

 

A501-1976 Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded And Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing

Current Active Version: A501/A501M-2014

 

A502-1976 Standard Specification for Steel Structural Rivets

Current Active Version: A502-2003(2015)

 

A505-1987(1998) Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Alloy, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, General Requirements for

Current Active Version: A505-2016

 

A514-1977 Standard Specification for High-Yield- Strength, Quenched And Tempered Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable For Welding

A514-1981

Current Active Version: A514/A514M-2018e1

 

A515/A515M-2003 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, for Intermediate- and Higher-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A515/A515M-2017

 

A516/A516M-1990(2001) Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, for Moderate- and Lower-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A516/A516M-2017

 

A520-1997 Standard Specification for Supplementary Requirements for Seamless and Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Tubular Products for High-Temperature Service Conforming to ISO Recommendations for Boiler Construction (Withdrawn 2000)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

A522/A522M-1995b Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A522/A522M-2014(2019)

 

A525-1979 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) By The Hot-Dip Process, General Requirements

A525-1991be1

Current Active Version: A653/A653M-2020

 

A526/A526M-1985 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip Process, Commercial Quality

Replaced By: A653/A653M

 

A529-1975 Standard Specification for Structural Steel With 42 000 Psi (290 Mpa) Minimum Yield Point (1/2 In. (12.7 Mm) Maximum Thickness)

Current Active Version: A529/A529M-2019

 

A536-1984(1993) Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Castings

A536-1984(2009)

Current Active Version: A536-1984(2019)e1

 

A537/A537M-1991 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Heat-Treated, Carbon-Manganese-Silicon Steel

Current Active Version: A537/A537M-2020

 

A539-1990a Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Coiled Steel Tubing for Gas and Fuel Oil Lines

 

A568/A568M-2000b Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Carbon, and High-Strength, Low-Alloy, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, General Requirements for

Current Active Version: A568/A568M-2019a

 

A569/A569M-1991a(1993)e1 Standard Specification for Steel, Carbon (O. 15 Maximum, Percent), Hot-Rolled Sheet and Strip Commercial Quality

Replaced By: A1011/A1011M

 

A570-1979 Standard Specification for Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Sheet And Strip, Structural Quality

Replaced By: A1011/A1011M

 

A572-1979 Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Steels Of Structural Quality

A572-1982

Current Active Version: A572/A572M-2018

 

A575-1996 Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, M-Grades

A575-1996(2007)

Current Active Version: A575-2020

 

A576-1990b(2000) Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality

A576-1990b(2012)

Current Active Version: A576-2017

 

A578/A578M-1996(2001) Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Plain and Clad Steel Plates for Special Applications

Current Active Version: A578/A578M-2017

 

A588-1979a Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel With 50 000 psi Minimum Yield Point To 4 in. Thick

A588-1981

Current Active Version: A588/A588M-2019

 

A591/A591M-1989 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Electrolytic Zinc-Coated, for Light Coating Mass Applications

Replaced By: A879/A879M

 

A606-1975 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet and Strip, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, High-Strength, Low-Alloy, with Improved Corrosion Resistance

A606-1998

Current Active Version: A606/A606M-2018

 

A607-1975(1981) Standard Specification for Steel Sheet And Strip, Hot-Rolled And Cold-Rolled, High-Strength, Low-Alloy Columbium And / Or Vanadium

A607-1998

 

A611-1972(1979) Standard Specification for Steel, Cold-Rolled Sheet, Carbon, Structural

Replaced By: A1008/A1008M

 

A612-1972a Standard Specification for High-Strength Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels for Moderate- and Lower-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A612/A612M-2020

 

A615-1979 Standard Specification for Deformed And Plain Billet-Steel Bars For Concrete Reinforcement

Current Active Version: A615/A615M-2020

 

A616-1979 Standard Specification for Rail-Steel Deformed And Plain Bars For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A996/A996M

 

A617-1979 Standard Specification for Axle-Steel Deformed And Plain Bars For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A996/A996M

 

A618-1974 Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded And Seamless High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Tubing

Current Active Version: A618/A618M-2004(2015)

 

A621/A621M-1991 Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Carbon, Hot-Rolled, -Drawing Quality

 

A633-1979a Standard Specification for Normalized High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel

Current Active Version: A633/A633M-2018

 

A653/A653M-1998a Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvinized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

Current Active Version: A653/A653M-2020

 

A668-1981a Standard Specification for Steel Forgings, Carbon And Alloy, For General Industrial Use

Current Active Version: A668/A668M-2020a

 

A671-1994 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures

A671-2004

A671/A671M-2010

Current Active Version: A671/A671M-2020

 

A672-1996(2001) Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Service at Moderate Temperatures

A672/A672M-2009

Current Active Version: A672/A672M-2019

 

A691-1998(2007) Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe, Electric-Fusion-Welded for High-Pressure Service at High Temperatures

A691/A691M-2009

Current Active Version: A691/A691M-2019

 

A715-1981e1 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet and Strip, Hot-Rolled, High-Strength, Low-Alloy, with Improved Formability

Replaced By: A1008/A1008M,A1011/A1011M

 

A1008/A1008M-2003 Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy and High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability

Current Active Version: A1008/A1008M-2020

 

A1011/A1011M-2003 Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Hot-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy and High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability

A1011/A1011M-2003a

Current Active Version: A1011/A1011M-2018a

 

B3-1990 Standard Specification for Soft or Annealed Copper Wire

Current Active Version: B3-2013(2018)

 

B16-1992 Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines

Current Active Version: B16/B16M-2019

 

B21-1996 Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes

Replaced By: B21/B21M

 

B26/B26M-1997 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings

Current Active Version: B26/B26M-2018e1

 

B33-1991 Standard Specification for Tinned Soft or Annealed Copper Wire for Electrical Purposes

Current Active Version: B33-2010(2020)e1

 

B41-1991 Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes

Replaced By: E39

 

B42-1993 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes

B42-1996

Current Active Version: B42-2020

 

B43-1991 Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes

B43-1996

Current Active Version: B43-2020

 

B68-1995 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed

Current Active Version: B68/B68M-2019

 

B75-1997 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube

Current Active Version: B75/B75M-2020

 

B85-1996 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings

Current Active Version: B85/B85M-2018e1

 

B88-1966a Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube

B88-1983a

B88-1993a

B88-1996

Current Active Version: B88-2020

 

B96-1993 Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessel

Current Active Version: B96/B96M-2016

 

B111-1995 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper- Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock

Current Active Version: B111/B111M-2018a

 

B117-1964 Standard Method Of Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

B117-1973(1979)

B117-1990

B117-1997

B117-2003

Current Active Version: B117-2019

 

B122/B122M-1995 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

Current Active Version: B122/B122M-2016

 

B124-1996 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes

Current Active Version: B124/B124M-2020

 

B127-1993ae1 Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS N04400) Plate, Sheet, and Strip

B127-1998

Current Active Version: B127-2019

 

B152-1997 Standard Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar

B152-1997a

Current Active Version: B152/B152M-2019

 

B161-1993 Standard Specification for Nickel Seamless Pipe and Tube

Current Active Version: B161-2005(2019)

 

B162-1993ae1 Standard Specification for Nickel Plate, Sheet, and Strip

Current Active Version: B162-1999(2019)

 

B165-1993 Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS N04400)* Seamless Pipe and Tube

Current Active Version: B165-2019

 

B167-1997a Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06025, and N06045)* Seamless Pipe and Tube

Current Active Version: B167-2018

 

B171/B171M-1999 Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat Exchangers

Current Active Version: B171/B171M-2018

 

B193-1987 Standard Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials

B193-1987(1992)

Current Active Version: B193-2019

 

B209-1993 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

B209-1996

Current Active Version: B209-2014

 

B210-1968 Standard Specifications For Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes

B210-1995

Current Active Version: B210/B210M-2019a

 

B221-1976a Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Shapes, and Tubes

Current Active Version: B221-2014

 

B224-1980e1 Standard Classification of COPPERS

B224-1991

Current Active Version: B224-2016

 

B227-1970(1980) Standard Specification for Hard-Drawn Copper-Clad Steel Wire

Current Active Version: B227-2015(2019)

 

B234-1995 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Condensers and Heat Exchangers

Current Active Version: B234-2017

 

B241-1969 Standard Specifications For Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe And Seamless Extruded Tube

B241/B241M-1996

Current Active Version: B241/B241M-2016

 

B251-1993 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube

Current Active Version: B251/B251M-2017

 

B280-1993a Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service

B280-1995a

Current Active Version: B280-2020

 

B283-1996 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed)

Current Active Version: B283/B283M-2020

 

B306-1992 Standard Specification for Copper Drainage Tube (DWV)

Current Active Version: B306-2020

 

B315-1993 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy Pipe and Tube

Current Active Version: B315-2019

 

B361-1995 Standard Specification for Factory-Made Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Welding Fittings

Current Active Version: B361-2016

 

B370-1977 Standard Specification for Copper Sheet And Strip For Building Construction

Current Active Version: B370-2012(2019)

 

B456-1995 Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Copper Plus Nickel Plus Chromium and Nickel Plus Chromium

Current Active Version: B456-2017

 

B539-1990 Standard Test Methods for Measuring Contact Resistance of Electrical Connections (Static Contacts)

Current Active Version: B539-2020

 

B557-1984 Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products

B557-1984e1

Current Active Version: B557-2015

 

B580-1979(2000) Standard Specification for Anodic Oxide Coatings on Aluminum

Current Active Version: B580-1979(2019)

 

B587-1980 Standard Specification for Welded Brass Tube

Current Active Version: B587-2019

 

B633-1985e1 Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Zinc on Iron and Steel

Current Active Version: B633-2019

 

B694-1986 Standard Specification for Copper, Copper Alloy, and Copper-Clad Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip for Electrical Cable Shielding

Current Active Version: B694-2019

 

B736-1992a Standard Specification for Aluminum, Aluminum Alloy and Aluminum-Clad Steel Cable Shielding Stock

 

B858-1995 Standard Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determination Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys

Current Active Version: B858-2006(2018)

 

C4-1962 Standard Specifications For Clay Drain Tile

Current Active Version: C4-2004(2018)

 

C5-1979(1997) Standard Specification for Quicklime for Structural Purposes

Current Active Version: C5-2018

 

C12-1998e1 Standard Practice for Installing Vitrified Clay Pipe Lines

Current Active Version: C12-2017

 

C14-1981 Standard Specification for Concrete Sewer, Storm Drain, And Culvert Pipe

Current Active Version: C14-2020

 

C22-1977 Standard Specification for Gypsum

Current Active Version: C22/C22M-2000(2015)

 

C28-1980 Standard Specification for Gypsum Plasters

Current Active Version: C28/C28M-2010(2020)

 

C32-1973 Standard Specification for Sewer And Manhole Brick ( ade From Clay Or Shale)

Current Active Version: C32-2013(2017)

 

C33-1985 Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates

C33-2007

Current Active Version: C33/C33M-2018

 

C34-1962 Standard Specifications For Structural, Clay Load-Bearing Wall Tile

Current Active Version: C34-2017

 

C35-1976 Standard Specification for Inorganic Aggregates For Use In Gypsum Plaster

Current Active Version: C35-2001(2019)

 

C36-1980 Standard Specification for Gypsum Wallboard

C36-1993

C36/C36M-1999e1

Current Active Version: C1396/C1396M-2017

 

C37-1981 Standard Specification for Gypsum Lath

Replaced By: C1396/C1396M

 

C52-1954(1965) Standard Specifications For Gypsum Partition Tile Or Block

 

C55-1975 Standard Specification for Concrete Building Brick

Current Active Version: C55-2017

 

C56-1971 Standard Specification for Structural Clay Non-Load-Bearing Tile

Current Active Version: C56-2013(2017)

 

C57-1957(1965) Standard Specifications For Structural Clay Floor Tile

 

C61-1976 Standard Specification for Gypsum Keenes Cement

Current Active Version: C61/C61M-2000(2020)

 

C62-1981 Standard Specification for Building Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made From Clay Or Shale)

Current Active Version: C62-2017

 

C64-1972(1977) Standard Specification for Refractories for Incinerators and Boilers

 

C73-1975 Standard Specification for Calcium Silicate Face Brick (Sand-Lime Brick)

Current Active Version: C73-2017

 

C76-2000 Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe

Current Active Version: C76-2019b

 

C79-1978 Standard Specification for Gypsum Sheathing Board

Replaced By: C1396/C1396M

 

C88-1976 Standard Test Method for Soundness Of Aggregates By Use Of Sodium Sulfate Or Magnesium Sulfate

Current Active Version: C88/C88M-2018

 

C90-2000 Standard Specification for Loadbearing Concrete Masonry Units

Current Active Version: C90-2016a

 

C91-1978e1 Standard Specification for Masonry Cement

Current Active Version: C91/C91M-2018

 

C94-1981 Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete

C94/C94M-2007

Current Active Version: C94/C94M-2020

 

C126-1971 Standard Specification for Ceramic Glazed Structural Clay Facing Tile, Facing Brick, And Solid Masonry Units

Current Active Version: C126-2019

 

C129-1975 Standard Specification for Non-Load-Bearing Concrete Masonry Units

Current Active Version: C129-2017

 

C139-1973 Standard Specification for Concrete Masonry Units For Construction Of Catch Basins And Manholes

Current Active Version: C139-2017

 

C143-1978 Standard Test Method for Slump Of Portland Cement Concrete

Current Active Version: C143/C143M-2020

 

C144-1976 Standard Specification for Aggregate For Masonry Mortar

Current Active Version: C144-2018

 

C150-1956 Standard Specifications for Portland Cement

C150-1981

C150-1994b

C150-2007

Current Active Version: C150/C150M-2020

 

C157-1975 Standard Test Method for Length Change Of Hardened Cement Mortar And Concrete

Current Active Version: C157/C157M-2017

 

C177-1985(1993)e1 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus

C177-1997

C177-2004

Current Active Version: C177-2019

 

C206-1979 Standard Specification for Finishing Hydrated Lime

Current Active Version: C206-2014

 

C207-1979(1988)e1 Standard Specification for Hydrated Lime for Masonry Purposes

Current Active Version: C207-2018

 

C208-1972 Standard Specification for Insulating Board (Cellulosic Fiber), Structural And Decorative

C208-1972(1982)

Current Active Version: C208-2012(2017)e2

 

C209-1972 Standard Methods of Testing Insulating Board (Cellulosic Fiber), Structural And Decorative

Current Active Version: C209-2020

 

C212-1960(1975) Standard Specification for Structural Clay Facing Tile

C212-1960(1986)

Current Active Version: C212-2020

 

C216-1981e1 Standard Specification for Facing Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made From Clay Or Shale)

Current Active Version: C216-2019

 

C220-1991(2004) Standard Specification for Flat Asbestos-Cement Sheets

Current Active Version: C220-1991(2015)

 

C221-1977 Standard Specification for Corrugated Asbestos-Cement Sheets

 

C222-1978 Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Roofing Shingles

 

C223-1978(1984) Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Siding

 

C236-1989(1993)e1 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of a Guarded Hot Box (Withdrawn 2001)

Replaced By: C1363

 

C260-1977 Standard Specification for Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete

Current Active Version: C260/C260M-2010a(2016)

 

C270-1980a Standard Specification for Mortar For Unit Masonry

Current Active Version: C270-2019ae1

 

C315-1978c(1983) Standard Specification for Clay Flue Linings

Current Active Version: C315-2007(2016)

 

C317-1976 Standard Specification for Gypsum Concrete

Current Active Version: C317/C317M-2000(2019)

 

C330-1980 Standard Specification for Lightweight Aggregates For Structural Concrete

C330-2005

Current Active Version: C330/C330M-2017a

 

C377-1966(1977) Standard Specification for Precast Reinforced Gypsum Slabs

 

C412-1981a Standard Specification for Concrete Drain Tile

Current Active Version: C412-2019

 

C425-1977(1982) Standard Specification for Compression Joints for Vitrified Clay Pipe and Fittings

Current Active Version: C425-2004(2018)

 

C428-1978 Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Nonpressure Sewer Pipe

C428-1981(1985)

Current Active Version: C428/C428M-2005(2019)

 

C475-1964 Standard Specifications For Joint Treatment Materials For Gypsum Wallboard Construction

Current Active Version: C475/C475M-2017

 

C476-1971 Standard Specification for Mortar And Grout For Reinforced Masonry

Current Active Version: C476-2020

 

C494-1979 Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures For Concrete

Current Active Version: C494/C494M-2019

 

C495-1999a Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Lightweight Insulating Concrete

Current Active Version: C495/C495M-2012(2019)

 

C508-1998 Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Underdrain Pipe

Current Active Version: C508/C508M-2000(2015)

 

C509-1979 Standard Specification for Cellular Elastomeric Preformed Gasket And Sealing Material

Current Active Version: C509-2006(2015)

 

C514-1977 Standard Specification for Nails For The Application Of Gypsum Wallboard

Current Active Version: C514-2004(2020)

 

C516-1975 Standard Specification for Vermiculite Loose Fill Insulation

C516-1980(1996)e1

Current Active Version: C516-2019

 

C517-1971(1979) Standard Specification for Diatomaceous Earth Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation

 

C518-1991 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus

C518-2004

Current Active Version: C518-2017

 

C530-1970(1975) Standard Specification for Structural Clay Non-Load-Bearing Screen Tile

C530-1970(1986)

Current Active Version: C530-2013(2017)

 

C533-1985(1990) Standard Specification for Calcium Silicate Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C533-2017

 

C534-1988 Standard Specification for Performed Flexible Elastomeric Cellular Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form

Current Active Version: C534/C534M-2020

 

C547-1977 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Preformed Pipe Insulation

Current Active Version: C547-2019

 

C549-1973 Standard Specification for Perlite Loose Fill Insulation

C549-1981(1986)

Current Active Version: C549-2018

 

C552-1988 Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C552-2017e1

 

C553-1970(1977) Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket And Felt Insulation (Industrial Type)

Current Active Version: C553-2013(2019)

 

C564-1970 Standard Specification for Rubber Gaskets For Cast Iron Soil Pipe And Fittings

C564-1970(1976)

C564-1988

C564-1997

Current Active Version: C564-2020a

 

C570-1972(1989)e1 Standard Specification for Oil- and Resin-Base Caulking Compound for Building Construction

 

C578-1987a Standard Specification for Preformed, Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation

C578-1992

Current Active Version: C578-2019

 

C587-1968 Standard Specifications For Gypsum Veneer Plaster

Current Active Version: C587-2004(2018)

 

C588-1980 Standard Specification for Gypsum Base For Veneer Plasters

Replaced By: C1396/C1396M

 

C591-1985 Standard Specification for Unfaced Preformed Rigid Cellular Polyurethane Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C591-2020

 

C592-1980 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type Pipe Insulation )Metal-Mesh Covered) (Industrial Type)

Current Active Version: C592-2016

 

C595-1979 Standard Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements

C595-2008

Current Active Version: C595/C595M-2020

 

C610-1985 Standard Specification for Expanded Perlite Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C610-2017

 

C612-1983e1 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Block and Board Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C612-2014(2019)

 

C618-1978 Standard Specification for Fly Ash And Raw Or Calcined Natural Pozzolan For Use As A Mineral Admixture In Portland Cement Concrete

Current Active Version: C618-2019

 

C630-1978 Standard Specification for Water-Resistant Gypsum Backing Board

Replaced By: C1396/C1396M

 

C652-1977 Standard Specification for Hollow Brick (Hollow Masonry Units Made From Clay Or Shale)

Current Active Version: C652-2019b

 

C654-1980 Standard Specification for Porous Concrete Pipe

Current Active Version: C654-2019

 

C655-1977 Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete D-Load Culvert,,Storm Drain, And Sewer Pipe

Current Active Version: C655-2019a

 

C665-1988 Standard Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing

Current Active Version: C665-2017

 

C666-1977 Standard Test Method for Resistance Of Concrete To Rapid Freezing And Thawing

Current Active Version: C666/C666M-2015

 

C669-1975(1989)e1 Standard Specification for Glazing Compounds for Back Bedding and Face Glazing of Metal Sash

 

C700-1978a(1983) Standard Specification for Vitrified Clay Pipe, Extra Strength, Standard Strength, and Perforated

Current Active Version: C700-2018

 

C720-1989(1994)e1 Specification for Spray-Applied Fibrous Thermal Insulation for Elevated Temperature (Withdrawn 1999)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

C726-1981 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber And Mineral Fiber, Rigid Cellular Polyurethane Composite Roof Insulation Board

C726-1988

Current Active Version: C726-2017

 

C728-1989a Stnadard Specification for Perlite Thermal Insulation Board

Current Active Version: C728-2017a

 

C739-1977 Standard Specification for Cellulosic Fiber (Wood-Base) Loose-Fill Thermal Insulation

C739-1988

C739-2003

Current Active Version: C739-2017

 

C754-1979 Standard Specification for Installation Of Steel Framing Members To Receive Screw-Attached Gypsum Wallboard, Backing Board, Or Water-Resistant Backing Board

Current Active Version: C754-2020

 

C755-1985(1990) Standard Practice for Selection of Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C755-2020

 

C764-1988 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber loose-Fill Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C764-2019

 

C803-1979 Standard Test Method for Penetration Resistance Of Hardened Concrete

Current Active Version: C803/C803M-2018

 

C834-1976(1986) Standard Specification for Latex Sealing Compounds

Current Active Version: C834-2017

 

C840-1979 Standard Specification for Application And Finishing Of Gypsum Board

Current Active Version: C840-2020

 

C843-1976 Standard Specification for Application Of Gypsum Veneer Plaster

Current Active Version: C843-2017

 

C844-1979 Standard Specification for Application Of Gypsum Base To Receive Gypsum Veneer Plaster

Current Active Version: C844-2015

 

C846-1976(1982)e1 Standard Practice for Application Of Structural Insulating Board (Fiberboard) Sheathing

Current Active Version: C846-2016

 

C847-1977 Standard Specification for Metal Lath

Current Active Version: C847-2018

 

C892-1989 Standard Specification for High-Temperature Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C892-2019

 

C902-1979 Standard Specification for Pedestrian And Light Traffic Paving Brick

C902-1984

Current Active Version: C902-2015

 

C920-1987 Stnadard Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants

C920-2002

Current Active Version: C920-2018

 

C971-1982(1992) Standard Guide for Selection and Application of Insulation Systems for Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Duct Work

 

C976-1990(1996)e1 Standard Test Method for Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of a Calibrated Hot Box (Withdrawn 2002)

Replaced By: C1363

 

C1045-2001 Standard Practice for Calculating Thermal Transmission Properties Under Steady-State Conditions

Current Active Version: C1045-2019

 

C1114-2000 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Thin-Heater Apparatus

Current Active Version: C1114-2006(2019)

 

C1149-2002 Standard Specification for Self-Supported Spray Applied Cellulosic Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C1149-2017

 

C1166-2000 Standard Test Method for Flame Propagation of Dense and Cellular Elastomeric Gaskets and Accessories

Current Active Version: C1166-2006(2016)

 

C1186-1991 Standard Specification for Flat Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Sheets

Current Active Version: C1186-2008(2016)

 

C1224-2003 Standard Specification for Reflective Insulation for Building Applications

Current Active Version: C1224-2015(2020)

 

C1264-2011 Standard Specification for Sampling, Inspection, Rejection, Certification, Packaging, Marking, Shipping, Handling, and Storage of Gypsum Panel Products

Current Active Version: C1264-2019

 

C1265-1994(2011) Standard Test Method for Determining the Tensile Properties of an Insulating Glass Edge Seal for Structural Glazing Applications

Current Active Version: C1265-2017

 

C1315-1995 Standard Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds Having Special Properties for Curing and Sealing Concrete

Current Active Version: C1315-2019

 

C1363-1997 Standard Test Method for the Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of a Hot Box Apparatus

Current Active Version: C1363-2019

 

C1371-2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Emittance of Materials Near Room Temperature Using Portable Emissometers

Current Active Version: C1371-2015

 

C1374-1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Installed Thickness of Pneumatically Applied Loose-Fill Building Insulation

C1374-2003

Current Active Version: C1374-2018

 

C1549-2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer

Current Active Version: C1549-2016

 

D5-1965 Standard Method Of Test For Penetration Of Bituminous Materials

D5-1973(1978)

Current Active Version: D5/D5M-2020

 

D36-1976 Standard Test Method for Softening Point Of Bitumen (Ring-And-Ball Apparatus)

Current Active Version: D36/D36M-2014(2020)

 

D56-1970 Standard Method Of Test For Flash Point By Tag Closed Tester

D56-1987

D56-1993

D56-2005

Current Active Version: D56-2016a

 

D86-1978 Standard Method for Distillation Of Petroleum Products

D86-1982e2

D86-1990e2

D86-1993

D86-1995

D86-1996

D86-2001

D86-2007

D86-2007a

D86-2012

Current Active Version: D86-2020a

 

D88-1956(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Saybolt Viscosity

D88-1981(1987)e1

Current Active Version: D88/D88M-2007(2019)e1

 

D92-1985 Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup

D92-1997

Current Active Version: D92-2018

 

D93-1971 Standard Method Of Test For Flash Point By Pensky-Martens Closed Tester

D93-1980e1

D93-1985

D93-1990e1

D93-1994

D93-1997

D93-2002

D93-2007

D93-2008

D93-2013

Current Active Version: D93-2020

 

D95-2005(2010) Standard Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation

Current Active Version: D95-2013(2018)

 

D97-1987e1 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Oils

Current Active Version: D97-2017b

 

D120-1987e1 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Gloves

Current Active Version: D120-2014a

 

D127-1963(1977) Standard Test Method for Drop Melting Point Of Petroleum Wax Including Petrolatum

Current Active Version: D127-2019

 

D129-1964(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Sulfur In Petroleum Products By The Bomb Method

D129-1964(1978)

D129-1995

D129-2000

Current Active Version: D129-2018

 

D150-1987 Standard Test Methods for A-C Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials

Current Active Version: D150-2018

 

D156-1982 Standard Test Method for Saybolt Color of Petroleum Products (Saybolt Chromometer Method)

Current Active Version: D156-2015

 

D173-1997b Standard Specification for Bitumen-Saturated Cotton Fabrics Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D173/D173M-2003(2018)

 

D178-1988 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Matting

D178-1993(1998)

Current Active Version: D178-2019

 

D224-1975 Standard Specification for Smooth-Surfaced Asphalt Roll Roofing (Organic Felt)

Replaced By: D6380

 

D225-1965(1978) Standard Specification for Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules

 

D227-1981 Standard Specification for Coal-Tar-Saturated Organic Felt Used In Roofing And Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D227/D227M-2003(2018)

 

D240-1976 Standard Test Method for Heat Of Combustion Of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels By Bomb Calorimeter

D240-1987(1991)e1

D240-1987e1

D240-1992(1997)e2

D240-2000

D240-2009

Current Active Version: D240-2019

 

D250-1977e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Asbestos Felt Used In Roofing And Waterproofing

 

D257-1991 Standard Test Methods for D-C Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials

D257-1999

Current Active Version: D257-2014

 

D270-1965(1980) Methods of Sampling Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Withdrawn 1982)

Replaced By: D4057 and D4177

 

D287-1992(2000)e1 Standard Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)

Current Active Version: D287-2012b(2019)

 

D297-1981 Standard Methods for Rubber Products – Chemical Analysis

Current Active Version: D297-2015(2019)

 

D302-1958(1975) Standard Specification for Ethyl Acetate (85 To 88 Percent Grade)

Replaced By: D4614

 

D312-1978 Standard Specification for Asphalt Used In Roofing

Current Active Version: D312/D312M-2016a

 

D323-1958(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Vapor Pressure Of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

D323-1982e2

D323-1990

D323-1994

Current Active Version: D323-2020

 

D362-1975 Standard Specification for Industrial Grade Toluene

D362-1984

 

D381-1980e1 Standard Test Method for Existent Gum in Fuels by Jet Evaporation

Current Active Version: D381-2019

 

D388-1977 Standard Specification for Classification Of Coals By Rank

D388-1988

D388-1990

D388-1991

D388-1991a

D388-1992

D388-1995

D388-1998

D388-1998a

D388-1999

D388-1999(2004)e1

Current Active Version: D388-2019a

 

D396-1978 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils

D396-1989

D396-1990

D396-1992

D396-1996

D396-1998

D396-2002

D396-2010

Current Active Version: D396-2020

 

D412-1968 Standard Method Of Tension Testing Of Vulcanized Rubber

D412-1998a

Current Active Version: D412-2016

 

D413-1982(1993)e1 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property-Adhesion to Flexible Substrate

D413-1998

Current Active Version: D413-1998(2017)

 

D418-1982 Standard Methods of Testing Pile Yarn Floor Covering Construction

D418-1992

 

D439-1985a Standard Specification for Automotive Gasoline

Replaced By: D4814

 

D445-1965 Standard Method Of Test For Viscosity Of Transparent And Opaque Liquids (Kinematic And Dynamic Viscosities)

D445-1974

D445-1988

D445-1994e1

D445-2001

D445-2006

D445-2012

Current Active Version: D445-2019a

 

D449-1973e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt Used In Dampproofing And Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D449/D449M-2003(2014)e1

 

D450-1978 Standard Specification for Coal-Tar Bitumen Used In Roofing, Dampproofing, And Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D450/D450M-2007(2018)

 

D465-1982(1987)e1 Standard Test Methods for Acid Number of Rosin

Current Active Version: D465-2015(2020)

 

D471-1996 Standard Test Method for Rubber PropertyÐEffect of Liquids

D471-1998e1

Current Active Version: D471-2016a

 

D484-1971 Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvents

Replaced By: D235

 

D509-1970(1987) Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Grading Rosin

Current Active Version: D509-2015

 

D511-2003 Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water

Current Active Version: D511-2014

 

D512-1989(1999) Standard Test Methods for Chloride Ion In Water

Current Active Version: D512-2012

 

D516-1990(1995)e1 Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Water

D516-2002

Current Active Version: D516-2016

 

D523-1989(1999) Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss

Current Active Version: D523-2014(2018)

 

D524-1988 Standard Test Method for Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products

Current Active Version: D524-2015(2019)

 

D566-1976 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point Of Lubricating Grease

D566-1976(1982)e1

Current Active Version: D566-2020

 

D570-1995 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics

Current Active Version: D570-1998(2018)

 

D579-1990 Standard Specification for Greige Woven Glass Fabrics

Current Active Version: D579/D579M-2015

 

D610-1985(1989)e1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces

Current Active Version: D610-2008(2019)

 

D611-1982(1998) Standard Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents

Current Active Version: D611-2012(2016)

 

D613-1995 Standard Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil

D613-2001

D613-2005

D613-2013

Current Active Version: D613-2018a

 

D629-1988 Standard Test Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Textiles

Current Active Version: D629-2015

 

D635-1997 Standard Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position

Current Active Version: D635-2018

 

D638-2003 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics

Current Active Version: D638-2014

 

D660-1944(1970) Standard Method Of Evaluating Degree Of Resistance To Checking Of Exterior Paints

Current Active Version: D660-1993(2019)

 

D661-1944(1975) Standard Method of Evaluating Degree Of Cracking Of Exterior Paints

Current Active Version: D661-1993(2019)

 

D665-1998e1 Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water

Current Active Version: D665-2019

 

D714-1956(1981)e1 Standard Method of Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints

Current Active Version: D714-2002(2017)

 

D721-1968(1982) Standard Test Method for Oil Content of Petroleum Waxes

D721-1997

Current Active Version: D721-2017

 

D729-1995 Standard Specification for Vinylidene Chloride Molding Compounds (Withdrawn 2000)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D750-1968 Recommended Practice for Operating Light – And Weather-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) For Artificial Weather Testing Of Rubber Compounds

Current Active Version: D750-2012(2017)

 

D751-1995e1 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

D751-2019

Current Active Version: D751-2019

 

D756-1978 Standard Practice for Determination Of Weight And Shape Changes Of Plastics Under Accelerated Service Conditions

 

D772-1947(1975) Standard Method of Evaluating Degree Of Flaking (Scaling) Of Exterior Paints

Current Active Version: D772-2018

 

D781-1968(1973) Method of Test for Puncture and Stiffness of Paperboard, Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard (Withdrawn 1984)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D808-1987 Standard Test Method for Chlorine in New and Used Petroleum Products (Bomb Method)

Current Active Version: D808-2016

 

D814-1995(2000) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property- Vapor Transmission of Volatile Liquids

Current Active Version: D814-1995(2020)

 

D822-1980 Standard Practice for Operating Light – and Water-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) For Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

D822-1989

Current Active Version: D822/D822M-2013(2018)

 

D835-1985 Standard Specification for Refined Benzene-485

 

D836-1984 Specification for Industrial Grade Benzene (Withdrawn 1989)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D858-2002 Standard Test Methods for Manganese in Water

Current Active Version: D858-2017

 

D882-1997 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting

Current Active Version: D882-2018

 

D910-2007 Standard Specification for Aviation Gasolines

Current Active Version: D910-2020a

 

D923-1986 Standard Methods of Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids

D923-1989

Current Active Version: D923-2015

 

D938-1971(1981) Standard Test Method for Congealing Point of Petroleum Waxes, Including Petrolatum

Current Active Version: D938-2012(2017)

 

D968-1981(1986)e1 Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive

Current Active Version: D968-2017

 

D971-1991 Standard Test Method for Interfacial Tension of Oil Against Water by the Ring Method

Current Active Version: D971-2020

 

D975-1978 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

D975-1991

D975-1993

D975-1996a

D975-1998be1

D975-2004

D975-2007

D975-2008a

D975-2011b

D975-2013a

Current Active Version: D975-2020a

 

D976-1980(1990)e1 Standard Test Methods for Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels

D976-1991(1995)e1

D976-1991(2000)e1

D976-2006(2011)

Current Active Version: D976-2006(2016)

 

D994-1971(1982)e1 Standard Specification for Performed Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete (Bituminous Type)

Current Active Version: D994/D994M-2011(2016)

 

D1003-1992 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics

Current Active Version: D1003-2013

 

D1004-1994a Standard Test Method for Initial Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Sheeting

Current Active Version: D1004-2013

 

D1037-1978 Standard Methods of Evaluating the Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

Current Active Version: D1037-2012

 

D1048-1988ae1 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Blankets

D1048-1993

Current Active Version: D1048-2020

 

D1049-1988 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Covers

D1049-1993e1

Current Active Version: D1049-1998(2017)

 

D1050-1990(1999) Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Line Hose

Current Active Version: D1050-2005(2017)

 

D1051-1987 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Sleeves

Current Active Version: D1051-2019

 

D1056-1968e1 Standard Specification for Sponge and Expanded Cellular Rubber Products

Current Active Version: D1056-2014

 

D1067-1988 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water

Current Active Version: D1067-2016

 

D1068-2003 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water

Current Active Version: D1068-2015

 

D1072-1990(1999) Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Fuel Gases

Current Active Version: D1072-2006(2017)

 

D1078-2005 Standard Test Method for Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids

Current Active Version: D1078-2011(2019)

 

D1081-1960(1968) Standard Method of Test for Evaluating Pressure Sealing Properties Of Rubber And Rubber- Like Materials

 

D1121-1967 Standard Method Of Test For Reserve Alkalinity Of Engine Antifreezes And Antirusts

Current Active Version: D1121-2011(2020)

 

D1123-1959(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Water In Concentrated Engine Antifreezes By The Iodine Reagent Method

Current Active Version: D1123-1999(2015)

 

D1126-1996 Standard Test Method for Hardness in Water

Current Active Version: D1126-2017

 

D1137-1953(1975) Method for Analysis of Natural Gases and Related Types of Gaseous Mixtures by the Mass Spectrometer (Withdrawn 1981)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D1143-1981(1987)e1 Standard Test Method for Piles Under Static Axial Compressive Load

Current Active Version: D1143/D1143M-2007(2013)e1

 

D1149-1978a Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration – Surface Ozone Cracking In A Chamber ( Flat Specimen)

Current Active Version: D1149-2018

 

D1153-1983 Standard Specification for Methly Isobutyl Ketone

D1153-1994(1997)

Current Active Version: D1153-2012

 

D1193-1970 Standard Specification For Reagent Water

D1193-1977(1983)e1

D1193-1977e1

D1193-1991

Current Active Version: D1193-2006(2018)

 

D1194-1972(1987)e1 Standard Test Method for Bearing Capacity of Soil for Static Load and Spread Footings

 

D1200-1970 Standard Method Of Test For Viscosity Of Paints, Varnishes, And Lacquers By Ford Viscosity Cup

Current Active Version: D1200-2010(2018)

 

D1217-1993(1998) Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer

Current Active Version: D1217-2020

 

D1218-1982 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Current Active Version: D1218-2012(2016)

 

D1238-1985 Standard Test Method for Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer

D1238-1990b

Current Active Version: D1238-2013

 

D1240-1982 Standard Test Method for Rosin Acids in Fatty Acids

Current Active Version: D1240-2014(2018)

 

D1243-1979 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Vinyl Chloride Polymers

Current Active Version: D1243-2015

 

D1246-1995(1999) Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water

Current Active Version: D1246-2016

 

D1248-1984(1989)e1 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials

Current Active Version: D1248-2016

 

D1250-2007 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables

Current Active Version: D1250-2019e1

 

D1252-1995 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Oxygen Demand (Dichromate Oxygen Demand) of Water

Current Active Version: D1252-2006(2020)

 

D1253-1986(1996) Standard Test Method for Residual Chlorine in Water

D1253-2003

Current Active Version: D1253-2014

 

D1266-1987 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)

D1266-1991(1995)

D1266-1998

Current Active Version: D1266-2018

 

D1267-2002(2007) Standard Test Method for Gage Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (LP-Gas Method)

Current Active Version: D1267-2018

 

D1293-1984(1990) Standard Test Methods for pH of Water

D1293-1999

Current Active Version: D1293-2018

 

D1298-1985(1990)e1 Standard Practice for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

D1298-1999

Current Active Version: D1298-2012b(2017)

 

D1303-1955(1979)e1 Standard Test Method for Total Chlorine In Vinyl Chloride Polymers And Copolymers

 

D1308-1979(1981)e1 Standard Test Method for Effect of Household Chemicals on Clear and Pigmented Organic Finishes

Current Active Version: D1308-2002(2013)

 

D1310-1986(1997)e1 Standard Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus

Current Active Version: D1310-2014

 

D1319-1989 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Absorption

D1319-1995a

D1319-2002a

D1319-2003

D1319-2013

Current Active Version: D1319-2019

 

D1331-1989(1995) Standard Test Methods for Surface and Interfacial Tension of Solutions of Surface-Active Agents

Current Active Version: D1331-2014

 

D1335-1967 Standard Method Of Test For Tuft Bind Of Pile Floor Coverings

D1335-1967(1972)

Current Active Version: D1335-2017e1

 

D1353-1983e1 Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents for Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

D1353-1996

D1353-1996(2000)e1

Current Active Version: D1353-2013

 

D1386-1983(1993)e1 Standard Test Method for Acid Number (Empirical) of Synthetic and Natural Waxes

D1386-1998

Current Active Version: D1386-2015

 

D1387-1984 Standard Test Method for Saponification Number (Empirical) of Synthetic and Natural Waxes

D1387-1989(2002)

Current Active Version: D1387-1989(2019)

 

D1412-1993(1997) Standard Test Method for Equilibrium Moisture of Coal at 96 to 97 Percent Relative Humidity and 30ûC

Current Active Version: D1412/D1412M-2019b

 

D1415-1968 Standard Test Method for International Hardness Of Vulcanized Rubber

D1415-1988(1994)

D1415-1988(1999)

Current Active Version: D1415-2018

 

D1418-1999 Standard Practice for Rubber and Rubber Latices-Nomenclature

Current Active Version: D1418-2017

 

D1426-2003 Standard Test Methods for Ammonia Nitrogen In Water

Current Active Version: D1426-2015

 

D1434-1982(1998) Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting

D1434-1982(2009)e1

Current Active Version: D1434-1982(2015)e1

 

D1435-1994 Standard Practice for Outdoor Weathering of Plastics

Current Active Version: D1435-2013

 

D1440-1977(1982) Standard Test Method for Length and Length Distribution of Cotton Fibers (array Method)

Current Active Version: D1440-2007(2019)

 

D1457-1983 Standard Specification for PTFE Molding and Molding and Extrusion Materials

Replaced By: D4894,D4895

 

D1475-1960(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Density Of Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, And Related Products

D1475-1985

D1475-1998

D1475-1998(2003)

Current Active Version: D1475-2013

 

D1480-1993(1997) Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer

Current Active Version: D1480-2015

 

D1481-1991 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer

D1481-1993(1997)

Current Active Version: D1481-2017

 

D1492-1978(1984)e1 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Coulometric Titration

Current Active Version: D1492-2013

 

D1500-1982 Standard Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)

Current Active Version: D1500-2012(2017)

 

D1505-1968(1979) Standard Test Method for Density Of Plastics By The Density-Gradient Technique

D1505-1985(1990)e1

Current Active Version: D1505-2018

 

D1518-1985(1998)e1 Standard Test Method for Thermal Transmittance of Textile Materials

Current Active Version: D1518-2014

 

D1525-1987 Standard Test Method for Vicat Softening Temperature of Plastics

Current Active Version: D1525-2017e1

 

D1535-1968 Standard Method Of Specifying Color By The Munsell System

D1535-1989

Current Active Version: D1535-2014(2018)

 

D1545-1976(1989)e1 Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Transparent Liquids by Bubble Time Method

Current Active Version: D1545-2013(2017)

 

D1552-1983 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)

D1552-1990e1

D1552-1995

D1552-2001

Current Active Version: D1552-2016e1

 

D1564-1971e1 Standard Methods of Testing Slab Flexible Urethane Foam

Replaced By: D3574

 

D1565-1976 Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials – Vinyl Chloride Polymers And Copolymers ( Open-Cell Foam)

 

D1593-1961(1969) Standard Specification For Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Plastic Sheeting

Current Active Version: D1593-2019

 

D1601-1978 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Ethylene Polymers

Current Active Version: D1601-2018

 

D1608-1960(1967) Standard Method Of Test For Oxides Of Nitrogen In Gaseous Combustion Products (Phenol-Disulfonic Acid Procedure)

Current Active Version: D1608-2016

 

D1613-1996(1999) Standard Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

Current Active Version: D1613-2017

 

D1621-1994 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics

Current Active Version: D1621-2016

 

D1622-1993 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics

Current Active Version: D1622-2020

 

D1640-1983(1989)e1 Standard Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature

Current Active Version: D1640/D1640M-2014(2018)

 

D1646-1981 Standard Test Method for Rubber – Viscosity And Vulcanization Characteristics ( Mooney Viscometer)

D1646-1992

Current Active Version: D1646-2019a

 

D1654-1992(2000) Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments

Current Active Version: D1654-2008(2016)e1

 

D1655-1985a Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels

D1655-2007

Current Active Version: D1655-2020b

 

D1667-1976(1990) Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular MaterialsÐVinyl Chloride Polymers and Copolymers (Closed-Cell Foam)

Current Active Version: D1667-2017

 

D1683/D1683M-2017(2018) Standard Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Fabrics

Current Active Version: D1683/D1683M-2017(2018)

 

D1687-1992 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water

D1687-2002

Current Active Version: D1687-2017

 

D1688-1990 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water

D1688-1995

D1688-2002

Current Active Version: D1688-2017

 

D1691-1990 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water

Current Active Version: D1691-2017

 

D1692-1968 Standard Method Of Test For Flammability Of Plastic Sheeting And Cellular Plastics

 

D1693-1994 Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics

D1693-2000

Current Active Version: D1693-2015e1

 

D1709-2001 Standard Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastic Film by the Free-Falling Dart Method

Current Active Version: D1709-2016ae1

 

D1747-1962(1978) Standard Test Method for Refractive Index Of Viscous Materials

Current Active Version: D1747-2009(2019)

 

D1751-1999 Standard Specification for Preformed Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction (Nonextruding and Resilient Bituminous Types)

Current Active Version: D1751-2018

 

D1752-1967 Standard Specifications For Preformed Expansion Joint Fillers For Concrete Paving And Structural Construction1 Nonextruding And Resilient Nonbituminous Types

Current Active Version: D1752-2018

 

D1776-1967e1 Standard Method Of Conditioning Textiles And Textile Products For Testing

D1776/D1776M-2020

Current Active Version: D1776/D1776M-2020

 

D1796-1983(1990)e1 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Fuel Oils by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)

Current Active Version: D1796-2011(2016)

 

D1824-1966(1972) Standard Method Of Test For Apparent Viscosity Of Plastisols And Organosols At Low Shear Rates By Brookfield Viscometer

D1824-1966(1980)e1

Current Active Version: D1824-2016

 

D1826-1977 Standard Test Method for Calorific Value Of Gases In Natural Gas Range By Continuous Recording Calorimeter

D1826-1994(1998)

Current Active Version: D1826-1994(2017)

 

D1835-1997 Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

D1835-2003

Current Active Version: D1835-2020

 

D1836-1983 Standard Specification for Commercial. Hexanes

Current Active Version: D1836-2007(2013)

 

D1837-2002a(2007) Standard Test Method for Volatility of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

 

D1838-1964(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Copper Strip Corrosion By Liquefied Petroleum (Lp) Gases

D1838-2007

Current Active Version: D1838-2020

 

D1861-1977 Standard Specification for Homogeneous Bituminized Fiber Drain And Sewer Pipe

 

D1862-1977 Standard Specification for Laminated-Wall Bituminized Fiber Drain And Sewer Pipe

 

D1863-1977 Standard Specification for Mineral Aggregate Used On Built-Up Roofs

Current Active Version: D1863/D1863M-2005(2018)

 

D1886-1994(1998) Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water

Current Active Version: D1886-2014

 

D1890-1996 Standard Test Method for Beta Particle Radioactivity of Water

Current Active Version: D1890-2015(2017)

 

D1922-2000a Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method

Current Active Version: D1922-2015(2020)

 

D1943-1996 Standard Test Method for Alpha Particle Radioactivity of Water

Current Active Version: D1943-2005(2012)

 

D1945-1991 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography

D1945-1996(2001)

D1945-1996e1

D1945-2003

D1945-2003(2010)

Current Active Version: D1945-2014(2019)

 

D1946-1977 Standard Method for Analysis Of Reformed Gas By Gas Chromatography

D1946-1982

D1946-1990(1994)e1

D1946-1990(2000)

D1946-1990(2006)

Current Active Version: D1946-1990(2019)

 

D1962-1985(1989)e1 Standard Test Method for Saponification Value of Drying Oils, Fatty Acids, and Polymerized Fatty Acids

D1962-1985(1995)

 

D2008-1985 Ultraviolet Absorbance and Absorptivity of Petroleum Products

D2008-1991(1996)e1

Current Active Version: D2008-2012(2018)

 

D2013-1972 Standard Method Of Preparing Coal Samples For Analysis

D2013-1986(1994)

D2013-2001

Current Active Version: D2013/D2013M-2020

 

D2015-1985 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke by the Adiabatic Bomb Calorimeter

D2015-1996

 

D2016-1974(1983) Methods of Test for Moisture Content of Wood (Withdrawn 1987)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D2036-1991 Standard Test Methods for Cyanides in Water

D2036-1998