1World Energy Corporation

HealthCare Standards

Product Code Clasiifications

USA Certifications / Guidelines / Standards for PPE

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. Although NIOSH is generally characterized as a non-regulatory agency, guidance and recommendations issued by NIOSH are often used by other agencies responsible for developing and enforcing workplace safety and health regulations.

NIOSH is also directly responsible for several regulations. These regulations mostly outline procedures and requirements for specific health and safety related matters involving a particular industry or set forth rules for NIOSH to follow in administering programs assigned to the Institute. The regulations include rules regarding the following:

  1. The Coal Workers Health Surveillance Program which describes x-ray screening of underground coal miners, autopsies, and operation of the B-reader program for classifying pneumoconiosis;
  2. NIOSH grants and educational training programs;
  3. Implementation of HHS responsibilities under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness and Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA);
  4. Approval of respiratory protective equipment;
  5. Conducting investigations at places of employment for the Health Hazard Evaluation (HHE) program and for occupational safety and health research; and
  6. Implementation of the World Trade Center Health Program.

The NIOSH regulations are found in the following parts of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) and are linked below.

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
Regulation No.Title
42 C.F.R. pt. 37external iconSpecifications for Medical Examinations of Underground Coal Miners
42 C.F.R. pt. 81external iconGuidelines for Determining Probability of Causation Under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000
42 C.F.R. pt. 82external iconMethods for Conducting Dose Reconstruction Under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000
42 C.F.R. pt. 83external iconProcedures for Designating Classes of Employees as Members of the Special Exposure Cohort Under the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act of 2000
42 C.F.R. pt. 84external iconApproval of Respiratory Protective Devices
42 C.F.R. pt. 85aexternal iconOccupational Safety and Health Investigations of Places of Employment
42 C.F.R. pt. 85external iconRequests for Health Hazard Evaluations
42 C.F.R. pt. 86external iconGrants for Education Programs in Occupational Safety and Health
42 C.F.R. pt. 87external iconNational Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Research and Demonstration Grants
42 C.F.R. pt. 88external iconWorld Trade Center Health Program
 

Formerly Relevant OSHA Requirements: 29 CFR 1910.1020, 29 CFR 1910, subpart Z

Employers are no longer required to notify and transfer records to NIOSH

The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) previously required employers to transfer employee exposure and medical records to NIOSH if: (1) the employer was going out of business without a successor, (2) the retention period for records had expired or, (3) due to the termination of a worker’s employment. However, on June 8, 2011, OSHA deleted these transfer requirements from its substance-specific standards in 29 CFR 1910, subpart Z, as well as from its regulation at 29 CFR 1910.20, Access to Employee Exposure and Medical Records. See, 76 Federal Register 33590, 33598. As such, employers are no longer required to notify and/or transfer OSHA-required records to NIOSH.

Although employers are no longer required to notify and/or transfer records to NIOSH, OSHA’s current regulation at 29 CFR 1910.1020(h)(1) provides that whenever an employer is ceasing to do business, they must “transfer all records subject to this section to the successor employer. The successor employer shall receive and maintain these records.”

Also, OSHA’s regulation at 29 CFR 1910.1020(h)(2) requires that: “Whenever an employer is ceasing to do business and there is no successor employer to receive and maintain the records subject to this standard, the employer shall notify affected current employees of their rights of access to records at least three (3) months prior to the cessation of the employer’s business.”

CDC’s role in rules and regulations
As the nation’s public health protection agency, CDC has certain authorities to implement  regulations related to protecting America from health and safety threats, both foreign and within the United States, and increasing public health security.

CDC and other agencies implement public health laws passed by Congress through Federal Regulations. After a Congressional bill becomes law, federal agencies may be responsible for putting the law into action through the development of regulations—also known as “rules.” Federal regulations give the public details or specific requirements of how the law will be applied. The process of creating regulations or rules is called rulemaking.

What are CDC’s regulatory authorities?
Click on each public health program in the boxes below for information on CDC’s regulatory authorities. You can also find the official text of CDC regulations published in the Code of Federal Regulations under Title 42—Public HealthExternal.

How can you participate in CDC’s rulemaking process?
Federal rulemaking usually involves a notice-and-comment process in which regulations are published in the Federal RegisterExternal for public comment over a specified time. By commenting on proposed rules to improve them, the public plays an important role in the rulemaking process. You can provide your comments by going to the federal government’s regulations websiteExternal to view CDC’s rules that are open for public commentExternal.

For a list of regulations CDC is currently working on, please see the Unified AgendaExternal of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions. The Unified Agenda, published in the spring and fall of each year, provides information about regulations that the federal government is considering or reviewing within the next 12 months.

 
 

Covered below in separate ASTM section. 

In response to the growing Coronavirus (COVID-19) public health crisis, AAMI—dedicated to leading global collaboration in the development, management, and use of safe and effective health technology—has released three standards and technical information reports (TIRs)

  1. ANSI/AAMI PB70:2012, Liquid barrier performance and classification of protective apparel and drapes intended for use in health care facilities –An American National Standard, ANSI/AAMI PB70 provides manufacturers with a consistent basis for creating device labeling claims regarding barrier efficacy against liquid-borne microorganisms. Through labeling requirements, the standard is also intended to assist end-users in selecting the appropriate protective apparel and drapes to inhibit the transfer of microorganisms associated with blood, body fluids, and other potentially infectious materials
  2. AAMI TIR11:2005/(R)2015,Selection and use of protective apparel and surgical drapes in health care facilities
    This technical information report (TIR) covers the selection and use of protective apparel and surgical drapes. It includes information on types of protective materials, safety and performance characteristics of protective materials, product evaluation and selection, levels of barrier performance, and care of protective apparel and drapes.
  3. TIR68:2018, Low and intermediate-level disinfection in healthcare settings for medical devices and patient care equipment and sterile processing environmental surfaces-TIR68 provides guidance on the selection and use of low and intermediate-level disinfectants and disinfection processes for safe and effective use. FREE DOWNLOAD
Search for official FDA guidance documents and other regulatory guidance for all topics.
 

 

Laws Enforced by FDA

The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act and other congressional milestones are presented in this section.

 

Standards

FDA participates in the development of standards and uses standards to fulfill its regulatory responsibilities.

 

Freedom of Information

Electronic reading rooms contain publicly releasable agency records and other information routinely made available.

Dockets Management – Dockets management serves as the official repository for the administrative proceedings and rule-making documents for FDA.

Medical devices are part of a multi-billion dollar industry that continues to rapidly grow due to technological advances. As a consequence, medical devices have been a hot topic in the mainstream media with coverage in the documentary “The Bleeding Edge” on Netflix and a piece by John Oliver on HBO’s “Last Week Tonight”. In these pieces, the shortcomings of the medical device regulation process in the United States are the focus. And this has sparked some great discussion among medical device clinical professionals and the public alike. However, understanding the medical device regulation process is paramount in order to strive for continuous improvement, updated regulations, and being informed both as a clinical professional and as a patient.

In the United States, it takes approximately three to seven years on average for a new medical device to come to the market. Compared to pharmaceutical drugs, which take on average 12 years, the medical device approval process is significantly faster and less costly. However, compared to our counterparts in the European Union, a device on average that took five years to come to market in the United States only took 11 months in the EU. In light of this information, there is still much to be done to analyze the safety outcomes of the pathways implemented by both the US and EU to bring devices to market.Medical_Device_Classification-1To understand how new medical devices come to market in the United States, we have to start with how medical devices are classified into three categories: Class I, Class II, and Class III. Class I devices are considered low-risk devices many of which can be found in every household such as adhesive bandages, cotton swabs, and toothbrushes. Class II devices have moderate risks and include items such as contact lenses, imaging diagnostic devices (ultrasound, X-rays), and pregnancy tests. And lastly, the highest risk devices fall under the Class III umbrella and include life-saving devices such as pacemakers, coronary stents, and cerebellar neurotransmitter implants.

All devices regardless of the class are subject to general controls by the FDA. A majority of low-risk, Class I devices and a minority of moderate risk, Class II devices can apply for FDA exemption. With an exemption, the FDA will control the manufacturing, product labeling, and risk information that is provided for public use of the device. If the device does not have an FDA exemption, special controls are required prior to marketing the device. And lastly, for high-risk devices, pre-market approval (PMA) is required prior to bringing a device to market. In our next blog post, we will dive deeper into the FDA pathways that are utilized to bring a medical device to market in the United States.

FDA APPROVAL PATHWAY FOR MEDICAL DEVICES
 
New_Medical_Device

Now that we have a grasp of the FDA medical device classification fundamentals, we can begin to explore the various pathways that a new medical device may follow in order to reach the market in the United States. In most cases, the medical device company will consult with the FDA at the beginning of the process in order to choose the correct pathway to prevent lost time and costs.

Class I and a small amount of Class II devices may apply for exemption with the FDA. If the exemption is granted, no pre-market review is required, but the FDA still controls the labeling and information provided to the consumer. These devices are then referred to as “FDA registered” or “FDA listed” devices once they make it to the market.

If an exemption is not appropriate, the device is low to moderate risk, and there is a device predicate already on the market, the 510(k) pathway is then utilized. A company must prove how the new device is equivalent to the marketed device and provide pre-clinical data, but clinical trial data is usually not required for the 510(k) pathway unless mandated by the FDA. Devices that successfully go through the 510(k) pathway are then referred to as “FDA cleared” devices.

For high risk, Class III devices or for devices that do not have a market equivalent, the pre-market approval (PMA) pathway is required. This requires the company to apply for an Investigational Device Exemption (IDE) from the FDA. Once the IDE is obtained, the company can start the collection of data via a clinical trial in addition to pre-clinical data to provide in the eventual PMA submission. Devices that follow this pathway and are determined safe and effective, receive the “FDA approved” label. For devices that are low to moderate-risk, but do not have predicate on the market, the medical device company can work with the FDA to explore alternative pathways to bring the device to market if clinical trial data is not warranted. Alternative pathways include the De-Novo pathway, Humanitarian Device Exception, Product Development Protocol, and Custom Device Exemption, but these pathways are less common than the 510(k) and PMA pathways.

By the numbers, the vast majority of medical devices are cleared through 510(k) versus approved through the PMA pathway. Approximately 4,000 510(k) applications are submitted to the FDA each year compared to less than 100 PMA applications. The average cost to bring a medical device to market through the 510(k) pathway is $31 million compared to the PMA pathway with average costs of $94 million. The time and cost required to bring a device to market through 510(k) versus PMA makes the 510(k) pathway the popular choice, if available.

Despite the rigorous efforts and controls along the way to bring a medical device to market, the process is not perfect. The push for real-world evidence and post-market surveillance data will continue to shape the medical device landscape in order to ensure patient safety.

 

  • Nasal swab guidance for COVID-19 test kits can be found here.
  • The Flocked swab tip must be synthetic (dacron or rayon) fiber and appropriately

    small sized for a nasal cavity (OP is too large).

  • Shaft must be narrow and made of flexible plastic.
  • Shaft must have a break point adequately distal from the swab tip to avoid breaking in the nasal cavity.

 

  • ASTM F3387-19 Standard Practice for Respiratory Protection
  • FDA stands for the Food and Drug Administration, a government agency responsible for the safety of food, dietary supplements, human drugs, vaccines, blood products and other biologicals, medical devices, radiation-emitting electronics, cosmetics, veterinarian products and tobacco products being sold or manufactured in the United States. The FDA also inspects and enforces regulations related to these industries.
  • Organizations that manufacture, re-pack or re-label products in the aforementioned industries must register with the FDA, with the exception of cosmetics, where registration is voluntary.
  • The registration process varies dependent on the industry but generally involves an annual registration in which organizations are required to list all drugs being manufactured, prepared, propagated, compounded, or processed for commercial distribution in the U.S. Inspection results for FDA registered organizations are available on the FDA website.
  • N95 Respirators (hospitals) –There are two types of respirators that are appropriate for healthcare workers with close contact with COVID-19 patients: 1) N95 Respirators; and 2) Surgical N95 Respirators.
  • Surgical N95 Respirators are the appropriate device in the healthcare setting when both aerosol and barrier protection (i.e., splash or sterile field) are needed and must be approved by both NIOSH as a FFR (42 CFR Part 84) and FDA as Class II Medical Device (21 CFR 878.4040).
  • FDA tests: Fluid resistance (ASTM F1862), flammability, and biocompatibility.
  • N95 Respirators (approved by NIOSH under 42 CFR Part 84) are appropriate for healthcare settings where only protection from patient generated aerosols is required.
 
  • Surgical masks must be FDA approved under 21 CFR 878.4040 as Class II Medical Devices.
  • Tested for fluid resistance (ASTM F1862), flammability, and biocompatibility.
  • ASTM F2299/F2299M-03(2017) Standard Test Method for Determining the Initial Efficiency of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Particulates Using Latex Spheres

    ASTM F2101-19 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) of Medical Face Mask Materials, Using a Biological Aerosol of Staphylococcus aureus

    ASTM F2100-19 Standard Specification for Performance of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks

    ASTM F1862/F1862M-17 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Synthetic Blood (Horizontal Projection of Fixed Volume at a Known Velocity)

    ASTM F1494-14 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

  • Non-sterile, disposable patient examination gloves are appropriate for care of COVID-19 patients.

  • The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) has standards for patient examination gloves:

  • ASTM D6319 – Standard specification for nitrile examination gloves for medical applications.

ASTM D6319-19 Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM D3578-19 Standard Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves

ASTM D5250-19 Standard Specification for Poly(vinyl chloride) Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM D6977-19 Standard Specification for Polychloroprene Examination Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM6319

This specification contains test procedures for evaluating the performance and safety of nitrile rubber gloves for use in conducting medical examinations and diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The products covered by this specification include nitrile rubber gloves that fit either hand, paired gloves, and gloves by size and packaged sterile or nonsterile or bulk nonsterile. An approved lubricant for absorbable dusting powder may be applied to the gloves. Other lubricants may also be used, provided, that their safety and efficacy have been previously established. Both the inside and outside surface of the glove should be free of talc. All products should meet the required degree of sterility, freedom from holes, physical requirements before and after ageing, amount of powder on the glove, tensile strength and ultimate elongation.

This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

1. Scope

1.1 This specification covers certain requirements for nitrile rubber gloves used in conducting medical examinations and diagnostic and therapeutic procedures.

1.2 This specification covers nitrile rubber examination gloves that fit either hand, paired gloves, and gloves by size. It also provides for packaged sterile or nonsterile or bulk nonsterile nitrile rubber examination gloves.

1.3 This specification is similar to that of Specification D3578 for rubber examination gloves.

1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

1.5 This international standard was developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization established in the Decision on Principles for the Development of International Standards, Guides and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately)

ASTM Standards

D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic ElastomersTension

D573 Test Method for RubberDeterioration in an Air Oven

D3578 Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves

D3767 Practice for Rubber–Measurement of Dimensions

D5151 Test Method for Detection of Holes in Medical Gloves

D6124 Test Method for Residual Powder on Medical Gloves

Other Documents

U.S. Pharmacopeia U. S. Pharmacopeia, latest editi

 

Keywords

Diagnostics – Drugs – Medical Gloves – Nitrile Rubber – Therapeutics

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 11.140 (Hospital equipment)

UNSPSC Code

UNSPSC Code 42132203(Medical exam or non surgical procedure gloves)

 
Referencing This Standard
Link Here
Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

DOI: 10.1520/D6319-19

Citation Format

ASTM D6319-19, Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination Gloves for Medical Application, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2019, www.astm.org

page2image1097369056

 

ASTM F2407 – 06(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Surgical Gowns Intended for Use in Healthcare Facilities

ASTM F1671 / F1671M – 13 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Blood-Borne Pathogens Using Phi-X174 Bacteriophage Penetration as a Test System

ASTM F1868 – 17 Standard Test Method for Thermal and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing Materials Using a Sweating Hot Plate

ASTM D751 – 19 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

ASTM D1683/D1683M-17(2018) Standard Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Fabrics

ASTM D1776/D1776M-20 Standard Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles

ASTM D5034-09(2017) Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

ASTM D5587-15(2019) Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure

ASTM D5733 – 99 Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Nonwoven Fabrics by the Trapezoid Procedure (Withdrawn 2008)

ASTM D6701-16 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Vapor Transmission Rates Through Nonwoven and Plastic Barriers

ASTM F1494-14 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

  • Non-sterile, disposable patient isolation gowns are appropriate for care of COVID-19 patients.

  • Four defined levels of protection tested to meet ANSI/AAMI PB70:

  • Level 1: Minimal risk, to be used, for example, during basic care, standard isolation, cover gown for visitors, or in a standard medical unit;

  • Level 2: Low risk, to be used, for example, during blood draw, suturing, in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), or a pathology lab;

  • Level 3: Moderate risk, to be used, for example, during arterial blood draw, inserting an Intravenous (IV) line, in the Emergency Room, or for trauma cases;

  • Level 4: High risk, to be used, for example, during long, fluid intense procedures, surgery, when pathogen resistance is needed or infectious diseases are suspected (non-airborne).

• A surgical gown is regulated by the FDA as a Class II medical device that requires a 510(k) premarket notification. Surgical gowns can be used for any risk level (Levels 1-4).

 
Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)
Title

“Liquid barrier performance and classification of protective apparel and drapes intended for use in health care facilities”

Description

Overview: This standard establishes a system of classification for protective apparel and drapes used in health care facilities based on their liquid barrier performance and specifies related labeling requirements and standardized test methods for determining compliance.

Standard Type(s)

Specification

An explicit set of requirements to be satisfied by a material, product, system, or service: Examples of specifications include, but are not limited to, requirements for; physical, mechanical, or chemical properties, and safety, quality, or performance criteria. A specification identifies the test methods for determining whether each of the requirements is satisfied.

Personal Protective Equipment

Body Protection

All items of clothing and/or accessories (whether or not detachable) designed and manufactured to provide specific protection. This includes bullet-proof clothing, general protective clothing and full body ensembles that protect from cuts, radiation, temperature extremes, hot splashes from molten metals and other hot liquids, potential impacts from tools, machinery and materials and hazardous chemicals. Examples of body protection include laboratory coats, coveralls, vests, jackets, aprons, surgical gowns and full body suits

  • Medical protective clothing
  • Coveralls
  • Apron
  • Gowns
  • Drapes
Hazards

Biological

  • Biological
Comments

The ANSI/AAMI PB70 standard includes four standard tests to evaluate the barrier effectiveness of surgical gowns, isolation gowns, and surgical drapes. Based on the results of these standardized tests, four levels of barrier performance are defined, with Level 1 being the lowest level of protection, and Level 4 being the highest level of protection. Table 3 summarizes the requirements of ANSI/AAMI PB70:2012 regarding the classification of barrier performance of surgical gowns, isolation gowns, and surgical drapes.

Table 3: ANSI/AAMI PB 70:12 classification of barrier performance of surgical gowns, other protective apparel, surgical drapes and drape accessories

Level1

Level1TestLiquid ChallengeResultExpected Barrier Effectiveness
1AATCC 42 Impact Penetration2Water= 4.5 gMinimal water resistance (some resistance to water spray)
2AATCC 42 Impact PenetrationWater= 1.0 gLow water resistance (resistant to water spray and some resistance to water penetration under constant contact with increasing pressure)
AATCC 127 Hydrostatic Pressure3Water= 20 cm
3AATCC 42 Impact PenetrationWater= 1.0 gModerate water resistance (resistant to water spray and some resistance to water penetration under constant contact with increasing pressure)
AATCC 127 Hydrostatic PressureWater= 50 cm
4ASTM F1670 Synthetic Blood Penetration Test (for surgical drapes)Surrogate Bloodno penetration at 2 psi(13.8 kPa)Blood and viral penetration resistance (2 psi)
ASTM F1671 Viral Penetration Test (for surgical and isolation gowns)Bacteriophage
Phi-X174
no penetration at 2 psi(13.8 kPa)

1 In order of increasing protection

2 American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC) 42 Water resistance: impact penetration test determines the ability of a material to resist water penetration under spray impact [AATCC 2000]

3 AATCC 127 Water resistance: hydrostatic pressure test determines the ability of a material to resist water penetration under constant contact with increasing pressure [AATCC 1998]

As indicated in Table 3, the requirements for levels 1, 2, and 3 have specific test requirements associated with them. Only Level 4 gowns are tested for viral penetration resistance, and therefore only Level 4 garments are considered impermeable to viral penetration using ASTM F1671. The gowns complying with the lower levels (Level 1, 2, and 3) cannot be considered impermeable. However, Level 1–3 gowns can provide increasing resistance to liquids. ANSI/AAMI PB70 Level 1, 2, and 3 surgical/isolation gown-testing requirements only use water as a challenge. Because the surface tension of water is much higher than that of blood, blood can penetrate through fabrics more readily than water. Therefore, no correlation can be made between AATCC water resistance tests (AATCC 42 and AATCC 127) and ASTM F1671 viral penetration tests, and consequently, protection provided by Levels 1, 2, 3 gowns and that of Level 4 gowns. A common misunderstanding among many end-users is that they are protected from blood, body fluids, and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) when they wear any type of fluid-resistant garment or surgical or isolation gown.

Testing Laboratories
Nelson Laboratories, Inc. – Salt Lake City, UT, 84123
Notes

FDA Registered and ANSI-ASQ National Accreditation Board/ACLASS

Contact

Phone Number: (801) 290-7500
Email: sdrosner@nelsonlabs.com

Accreditations

ISO 17025

Scope of Accreditation

ASTM D5151 – 06(2015) , ASTM D6124 – 06(2017) , ANSI/AAMI PB70 , ASTM F1342 / F1342M – 05(2013)e1 , ASTM F1670 / F1670M – 17a , ASTM F1671 / F1671M – 13 , ASTM F1862 / F1862M – 17 , ASTM F2100 – 11(2018) , ASTM F2101 – 14 , ASTM F1819 – 07(2013) , ANSI/AAMI PB70 – Class 4 , ANSI/AAMI PB70 – Class 3

  • Must meet ANSI Z87.1 for splash protection
  • Must meet ANSI Z87.1 for splash protection
page2image1133025872

Must meet DOH requirements for the collection of Regulated Medical Waste (RMW) under Title 10 part 70-2.2

• Red plastic bag, of sufficient strength

• Must meet DOT requirements for the transportation of RMW under 49 CFR 173.197 (e)

• Cannot exceed a volume of 46 gallons, must pass tests prescribed for tear and impact resistance under ASTM D 1922 and ASTM D 1709 respectively. Must meet a tear resistance of 480grams in both parallel and perpendicular planes with respect to length of the bag and an impact resistance of 165 grams.

• Must meet OSHA requirements under 29 CFR 1910.1030(g)(1) (i)• Marked with a biohazard symbol

 

 

OSHA’s minimum requirements for sharps containers include:

• Closable;
• Puncture-resistant;

  • Leakproof on side and bottom; and

  • Labeled (Biohazard) or color-coded (red) in accordance with standard.

  • Production of a sharps container is regulated by the FDA as a Class II medical device that requires a 510(k) premarket notification.

  • Sharps containers must meet DOH requirements for the collection of RMW under Title 10 part 70-2.2

• Marked with a biohazard symbol, rigid, leakproof, puncture-resistant, and closable (Same as OSHA).

• Must meet DOT requirements for the transportation of sharps under 49 CFR 173.134(c)(2)(x)

• Securely closed to prevent leaks or punctures, less than 18-gallon capacity if transported in a wheeled rack, and made of puncture resistant plastic that meets ASTM standard F2132-01.

ASTM E2755-15 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Healthcare Personnel Hand Rub Formulations Using Hands of Adults

ASTM E1174-13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Health Care Personnel Handwash Formulations

ASTM E3058-16 Standard Test Method for Determining the Residual Kill Activity of Hand Antiseptic Formulations

CHINESE Certification / Guidelines / Standards for PPE

The Chinese standards system is administered by the Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China (SAC), a governmental organization under the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China (AQSIQ). AQSIQ itself is a ministerial-level organization under the authority of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China. The State Council tasks its administrative departments with managing the standardization work of their corresponding professional sectors. At the regional level (provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities), the regional government is in charge of administering a uniform standardization regime for the region. At the local level (city or county), the local government administers the standardization regime as specified by the relevant regional government.

Who is who in the Chinese Standardization

Administration for Quality Supervision Inspection & Quarantine (AQSIQ) 

  • Law-enforcement administrative organization of the State Council in the field of quality, metrology;
  • Entry-exit commodities inspection, entry-exit health quarantine, entry-exit animal and plant quarantine;
  • Certification, accreditation and standardization.

Function and Organizational Structure of AQSIQ

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China (AQSIQ) is a ministerial administrative organ directly under the State Council of the People’s Republic of China in charge of national quality, metrology, entry-exit commodity inspection, entry-exit health quarantine, entry-exit animal and plant quarantine, import-export food safety, certification and accreditation, standardization, as well as administrative law-enforcement.

AQSIQ has 19 in-house departments, i.e. General Office, Department of Legislation, Department of Quality Management, Department of Metrology, Department of Inspection and Quarantine Clearance, Department of Supervision on Health Quarantine, Department of Supervision on Animal and Plant Quarantine, Department of Supervision on Inspection, Bureau of Import and Export Food Safety, Bureau of Special Equipment Safety Supervision, Department of Supervision on Product Quality, Department of Supervision on Food Production, Department of Law Enforcement and Supervision [AQSIQ Office of Fight against Counterfeits], Department of International Cooperation(WTO Affairs Office), Department of Science and Technology, Department of Personnel, Department of Planning and Finance, Party Committee [PC] Office and Bureau of Retiree Cadres, In addition, assigned by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of CPC and the Ministry of Supervision, a Discipline Inspection Team and the Inspection Bureau resident permanently in AQSIQ.
AQSIQ undertakes to administrate the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the P.R. China (CNCA) and the Standardization Administration of the P.R. China (SAC). Both authorized by the State Council CNCA is a vice-ministerial-level department, exercising the administrative responsibilities by undertaking unified management, supervision and overall coordination of certification and accreditation activities across the country, and SAC, which is also a vice-ministerial-level department, performs nationwide administrative responsibilities and carries out unified management for standardization across the country.

There are 15 direct affiliates of AQSIQ as follows, which offer technical support for AQSIQ decision-making and implementing. AQSIQ Service Center, AQSIQ information Center, Research Center for international inspection and Quarantine Standard and Technical Regulation, China Bureau of Fiber Inspection, Chinese Academy for Inspection and Quarantine, China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS), National Institute of Metrology(NIM), China Quality Certification Center (CQC), China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment, China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Center (CSEI), Human Resource Development and Training Center, China Quality News, China Inspection and Quarantine Times, Standards Press of China(SPC), and China Metrology Publishing House.

The WTO/TBT and WTO/SPS National Enquiry Points of the P.R.C. are also located in AQSIQ.

Approved by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, 10 trade associations and federations are independently affiliated to AQSIQ. They are: China Entry/Exit Inspection and Quarantine Association, China International Travel Healthcare Association China Association for Quality Inspection, Chinese Measurement Association, China Certification and Accreditation Association, China Association for Standardization (CAS), Chinese Society for Measurement, China Trade Association for Anti-counterfeiting, China Association of Plant Engineering Consultants and China Association for Quality Promotion.

With purpose to perform the function of entry-exit inspection and quarantine, AQSIQ has set up in total 35 Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureaus (CIQ) in China’s 31 provinces, near 300 branches and more than 200 local offices across the country, with employees totaled over 30,000 in goods distributing center at sea ports, land ports and airports. AQSIQ provides direct leadership to all the CIQs.

The function of quality and technical supervision is performed through 31 provincial-level Bureaus of Quality and Technical Supervision, which, being the working departments of the respective provincial governments (and of autonomous regions, and municipalities), exercise the vertical management to the Bureaus of Quality and Technical Supervision below the provincial level. The total number of working staff engaged in quality and technical supervision is over 180,000 across the country. AQSIQ provides the provincial-level (and of autonomous regions, municipalities) Bureaus of Quality and Technical Supervision with technical guidance.

Standards Administration of China (SAC)

  • Establishes and overseas Chinese national standards;
  • Sets China’s annual national standards agenda;
  • Represents China at ISO, IEC, PASC, etc.

The below figure shows the hierarchy of AQSIQ in China government systems and its key organization that is relevant in the field of standardization, namely SAC (China Standardization Administration).

Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China (SAC) was established in April 2001 and authorized by the State Council to exercise administrative responsibilities by undertaking unified management, supervision and overall coordination of standardization works in China.

SAC represents China to join the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and other international and regional standardization organizations. SAC is responsible for organizing the activities of Chinese National Committee for ISO and IEC.

SAC approves and organizes the implementation of international cooperation and exchanging projects on standardization.

Main Duties:

  • Take part in the drafting and amending national standardization laws and regulations; develop and implement national-level guidelines and policies for standardization work; develop relevant administration rules and institutions for national standardization work; organize to implement standardization laws, regulations, rules and institutions;
  • Develop the national standardization development plan; organize, coordinate and develop the national standards (reference materials) development and revision plan;
  • Organize the development and revision of national standards; take charge of the unified examination, approval, numbering and publishing of national standards;
  • Manage the funding for national standards development and revision as well as ear-marking funds for standards research and standardization activities;
  • Administrate and provide guidance for standardization technology and relevant publicity, education and training;
  • Take charge of the coordination and management of national standardization technical committees;
  • Coordinate and provide guidance for industry and provincial standardization; take charge of the registry and documentation of industry and local standards;
  • Represent China to join ISO, IEC and other international or regional standardization organizations and undertake the national committee for ISO and IEC; administrate the work related to the participation in international or regional standardization activities; sign and execute international standards cooperation agreements, review and organize to implement international standardization cooperation and exchange projects; review the international participation activities in the standards field;
  • Administrate the organization institution bar code and article numbering 10. Take charge of the publicity, implementation and promotion of national standards; supervise the application of national standards;
  • Administrate the national standardization information work;
  • Follow the arrangement and coordination of AQSIQ, properly manage the standards-related notification and consulting as per the WTO/TBT protocols;
  • Undertake other tasks appointed by AQSIQ.

China Association For Standardization (CAS)

  • CAS is under the leadership of the AQSIQ and is instructed in business by the SAC;
  • Organizes academic seminars and arranges academy exchanges for both international and domestic experts;
  • Publishes notifications of national standards and related standardization information.

China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS)

  • Conducts research on standardization in various fields

Standards Press of China (SPC)

  • Publishes national standards, professional standards and other scientific and technical books

National Institute of Metrology (NIM) 

  • The highest state-level research center for metrology; the legal metrological technical center;
  • Establishes national primary standards and national standards of measurement;
  • Provides verification services and calibration services

Ministry of Information Industry Technology (MIIT)

  • Ministerial level organization administrating overall laws and regulations relating to Information Industry

China Electronics Standardization Institute (CESI)

  • Responsible for the publishing and distributing of electronic industrial standards (SJ);
  • Testing Body for CCC products approved by CNCA, Testing Center accredited by CNACL;
  • Secretariat for Chinese National Mirror Committee to JTC1 and IEC TC3/SC3D.

China Communication Standards Association (CCSA)

  • Carries out research and survey activities on communications standardization system;
  • Organizes technical seminars and research communications standards and related information.

Chinese standardization systemAs showed in the  figure, currently, there are 4 level of China standards, National standards (titled GB/GBT), Ministry standards ( titled as JB/JBT YY/YYT, etc ), provincial standards (titled as DB/DBT), and enterprises standards.

The national standards are managed by SAC and drafted by China national Technical committees. GB standards are compulsory standards (substantially equivalent to technical regulations in the sense of the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade) while GBT are voluntary standards.

Ministry Standards are managed and drafted by different ministries or previous ministry-level organizations that were merged into some other ministries. Besides National standards, which are approved by SAC, there are more than 60 organizations who can develop ministry standards.

Provincial or local standards are drafted by local governments with DB reference for compulsory standards and DBT for voluntary standards.

Enterprises standards are developed by industries and for their own use only.

China Standardization process

National standards

The elaboration of a national standard follows the steps below:

  • The  working  group  drafts  the  standard,  which  is  then  circulated  to stakeholders for public consultation;

  • The  draft  standard  is  revised  according  to  comments  received  from stakeholders;

  • The Technical Committee ballots the draft standard. If the draft standard is approved, the Working Group finalizes it. If the draft standard is rejected, it is revised for further balloting;

  • The final draft is then sent to SAC for verification;

  • SAC assigns a reference number to the standard and publishes it;

  • Each standard is usually reviewed every five years.

Professional standards

The professional standards are generally issued for unified technical requirements within a specific national industry when there are not corresponding national standards. As provided in the Standardization Law, the professional standards shall be administrated by various administrative departments/ministries of the State Council. In each ministry, there is a specific department which is in charge of the sector standardization for the new standard items register, final draft approval and issuance.

Like national standards, professional standards can be either mandatory or voluntary.
Here is the list of mandatory standards:

  1. Pharmaceutical, veterinary, pesticides, food hygiene products;

  2. Security and health of the transport, use of agricultural and industrial products and production;

  3. Health, safety and quality of construction;

  4. Important terminology, symbols, codes, documents and planning methods related to technology;

  5. Mutual cooperation;

  6. Products that require controls via testing and inspecting methods as well as agricultural and industrial products.

Standards not listed here are voluntary standards.

The national standardization technical committee or the centralized technical standardization unit are responsible for issuing a standard project and organizing its drafting and examination.
The competent centralized administration for professional standards has to send two copies of the standard project to the competent department of the State Council.

According to the requirements of the standard project, the Working Group in charge of the standard draft submits the draft to comments.
After soliciting the views of all stakeholders, the comments are sent to the National Standardization Technical Committee or to the centralized technical standardization unit for check and review.
When the National Standardization Technical Committee is in charge of examining the draft, it does it according to the “National Standardization Technical Committee Charter”.

When the centralized technical standardization unit is in charge of examining the draft, the presence of manufacturers, users, distributors, researchers from important institutions is required. The users’ proportion cannot be lower than one quarter of the present representatives.

The standard project examination can be carried out by means of meetings or by written. The project must be fully discussed, in order to reach consensus. The agreement of at least three quarters of the delegates attending the meeting is needed for the project to be approved. When it is a written agreement, three quarters of the replies should be in favour. The results should accurately reflect the views of all sides. The participation rate and the reply rate cannot be lower than two thirds.

The professional standards are approved, numbered and published by the centralized administration for professional standards.

The results of the examination should respect the summary record of the meeting or the conclusions of the written examination.
Both voluntary and mandatory standards projects must be commented by the National Standardization Technical Committee or the centralized technical standardization unit and approved by the centralized administration for professional standards.

Each standard is usually reviewed within five years.

The review is organized by the centralized administration for professional standards and performed by the National Standardization Technical Committee or the centralized technical standardization unit.

The review can be performed by means of meetings or by writing. For the review of a standard, the same examination unit and delegates that worked for the standard elaboration are required.

Local standards

If there is no national, industry or existing local standard, a standard project can be submitted. Local standards can be mandatory or voluntary.

• Project

According to needs, competent authorities of the municipality, the technical committee, or the municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision can draft a project of creation of a local standard.

• Drafting and comments

  1. After the approval of the project, the group in charge of drafting conducts research and collects comprehensive information. After analysis of the data, and according to the requirements for standardization, the draft is submitted to comments;

  2. The drafting unit communicates the comments to all of the related authorities by means of meetings or by written;

  3. The drafting unit put the collected information in a summary table and the standard is sent for examination;

  4. After audit with competent authorities, the municipal Bureau of quality, technical Supervision examines the standard;

  5. If the procedure is not finished in due time, the municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision must, by written, explain the reasons and apply for an extension of maximum 1 year. Beyond that period, the project is abandoned.

• Examination

  1. The municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision or the competent authority, according to the stipulation of the standard examination committee, can examine the standard along with a group of 7 experts from standardization technical committees, industrial associations, institutes or technical and scientific research institute;

  2. The examination committee analyses whether the standard project does not go against law, stipulations, regulations, but also against related national and professional standards;

  3. The examination committee must organize meetings with stakeholders for balloting. The draft needs at least three quarters of the votes to be concluded and signed.

• Approval and filing

  1. After the final technical report drafted by competent authorities, the draft standard is sent to the municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision for approval;

  2. The municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision puts the approved standard for public review for a maximum of 30 days;

  3. If the draft standard is not opposed (or not for valid reasons), the standard is approved by the municipal Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision, numbered then published;

  4. After being published, the municipal Bureau must send the approved standards to the provincial Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision within 30 days for them to file the standard.

Enterprise standards

Enterprise standards are never mandatory and are developed by individual companies on their own initiative – an enterprise standard is usually filling a gap in the market.

Standards are the key to guide the production and operations of enterprises. If there is no standard issued by higher authority, the products follow enterprises standards. Application

In order to launch a standard project, local enterprises have to address their municipal or county Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision.

• Request

The enterprise willing to draft a standard should form a group of expert on standardization of the related field so that they can carry out a technical examination.

• Procedure

The enterprise standards procedure follows the same steps as the local standards process.

CodeStandard IdentifierStandard Title in English
1GB 19083-2010Technical Requirements for Protective Face Masks for Medical Use
2GB 19082-2009Technical Requirements for Single-use Protective Clothing for Medical Use
3GB/T 38462-2020Textiles – Nonwoven Fabrics for Isolation Gowns
4GB/T 38014-2019Textiles-Protective Nonwoven Fabrics for Surgical Use
5GB/T 32610-2016Technical Specification of Daily Protective Mask
6GB/T 38413-2019Textiles – Test Methods for Filtration of Particulate Matter
7GB/T 12704.1-2009Textiles – Test Methods for Water-Vapour Transmission of Fabrics – Part 1: Desiccant Method
8GB/T 5455-2014Textiles – Burning Behaviour – Determination of Damaged Length, Afterglow Time and Afterflame Time of Vertically Oriented Specimens
9GB/T 12703.3-2009Textiles – Evaluation for Electrostatic Properties – Part 3: Electric Charge
10GB/T 24120-2009Textiles – Determination of Resistance to Water/Alcohol Solutions
11GB/T 14295-2019Air Filters
12GB/T 34012-2017Air Cleaners for Ventilation Systems
13GB/T 24787-2009Single-use Non-sterile Rubber Surgical Gloves – Specifications

Comparison of Standards for Medical Protection Products between China and Europe by SAC

During the Covid-19 epidemic, the exchange of medical protection supplies between China and Europe has shown great significance. SAC (State Administration of China), for the convenience of Europe’s stakeholders to be aware of standards for personal protection products in China, has compared European and Chinese standards for 4 categories of PPE products, organizing China’s related technical committees on standardization and research institutes.

These products include masks, protective clothing, gloves and eye-protectors. In addition, SAC also translated and released the English version of Chinese standards for reference.

Meanwhile, on 1st April 2020, China National Medical Products Administration, Ministry of Commerce, and  General Administration of Customs together made notice, said that

“ In order to support the world to fight against Covid-19 and ensure good product quality and safety and orderly export of medical supplies, Chinese enterprises that export testing kits of coronavirus, medical face masks, medical protective clothes, respirators, infrared thermometers, should provide a written or electronic declaration when declaring to customs since April 1,2020. This written or electronic declaration is a commitment that the enterprise has obtained the registration certificate for medical device, and the product it has manufactured is up to the requirements of standards of importing countries. The General Administration Customs shall examine and release the products in accordance with the registration certificate approved by National Medical Products Administration. The above-mentioned measure should be adjusted in line with changes of the epidemic.” http://www.mofcom.gov.cn/article/b/e/202003/20200302950371.shtml

Which means that the products exported from China to EU, firstly need to comply with Chinese standards, which make the comparison even more important.

The comparison chart of PPE products in China and Europe is presented below.

List of Pandemic Prevention Product Standards

Type

No.

European Standards

Chinese Standards

Mask

1

EN 149:2001+A1:2009

Respiratory protective devices – Filtering half masks to protect against particles – Requirements, testing, marking

GB 2626-2006

Respiratory protective equipment. non-powered air-purifying particle respirator

Revised to GB 2626-2019 (effective on 01 July 2020)

Respiratory protection—Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator

2

EN 14683:2019

‘Medical face masks – Requirements and test methods’

YY 0469-2011   Surgical mask

YY/T 0969-2013  Single-use medical face mask

3

 

GB/T 32610-2016

Technical specification of daily protective mask

Protective clothing

4

EN ISO 13688:2013 Protective clothing – General requirements (ISO 13688:2013)

GB/T 20097-2006 (MOD ISO 13688:1998)

Protective clothing – General requirements

5

EN 13795-1:2019

Surgical clothing and drapes – Requirements and test methods – Part 1: Surgical drapes and gowns

YY/T 0506.1—2005

Surgical drapes, gowns and clean air suits for patients, clinical staff and equipment – Part 1: General requirements for manufacturers, processors and products

6

EN 13795-2:2019

Surgical clothing and drapes – Requirements and test methods – Part 2: Clean air suits

YY/T 0506.2 – 2016

Surgical drapes, gowns and clean air suits for patients, clinical staff and equipment – Part 2: Performance requirements and test methods

7

EN 14126:2003 + AC 2004

Protective clothing – Performance requirements and tests methods for protective clothing against infective agents

GB 19082-2009

Technical requirements for single-use protective clothing for medical use

8

EN 14605:2009 + A1:2009

Protective clothing against liquid chemicals – performance requirements for clothing with liquid-tight (Type 3) or spray-tight (Type 4) connections, including items providing protection to parts of the body only

GB 24539-2009 Protective clothing. Performance requirements of chemical protective clothing.

 

9

EN ISO 13982-1:2004/Amd 1:2010 Protective clothing for use against solid particulates — Part 1: Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing providing protection to the full body against airborne solid particulates (type 5 clothing) — Amendment 1

GB 24539-2009 Protective clothing. Performance requirements of chemical protective clothing

GB/T 29511-2013 Protective clothing. Chemical protective clothing against solid particulates.

Eye-protectors

10

EN 166:2001

Personal eye-protection – Specifications

GB 14866-2006

The specifications for personal eye-protectors

Gloves

11

EN 455-2:2015

Medical gloves for single use – Part 2: Requirements and testing for physical properties (MMD)

GB 7543-2006

Single-use sterile rubber surgical gloves

12

EN 455-4:2009

Medical gloves for single use – Part 4: Requirements and testing for shelf life determination (MDD)

GB/T 24787-2009

Single-use non-sterile rubber surgical gloves

13

EN 455-1:2000

Medical gloves for single use – Part 1: Requirements and testing for freedom from holes (MDD)

GB 10213-2006

Single-use medical rubber examination gloves

14

EN 455-3:2015

Medical gloves for single use – Part 3: Requirements and testing for biological evaluation (MDD)

GB 24786-2009

Single-use medical poly(vinyl chloride)examination gloves

The comparison report for these standards are made by SAC and are attached below.

Annex 1 Comparison of Standards of Surgical Masks

Annex 2 Comparison of Respiratory Protective Equipment Standards

Annex 3 Comparison of Single-use Medical Rubber Gloves Standards

Annex 4 Comparison of Medical Protective Clothing Standards

Annex 5 Comparison of Personal Protective Equipment Standards

Annex 6 Comparison of Personal Eye Protector Standards

The English versions of the relevant Chinese standards are also translated by SAC and are attached below

GB 2626-2019 Respiratory protection — Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator

GB 14866-2006 The specifications for personal eye-protectors

GB 19082-2009 Technical Requirements for Single-use Protective Clothing for Medical Use

GB 19083-2010 Technical requirements for protective face mask for medical use

GB 24788-2009 Limit for the removable surface powder and water-extractable protein of medical gloves

GB T 18664-2002 Selection use and maintenance of respiratory protective equipment

GB T 24787-2009 Single-use non-sterile rubber surgical gloves

GB-24788-2009-Limit-for-the-removable-surface-powder-and-water-extractable-protein-of-medical-gloves

GB T 32610-2016 Technical specification of daily protective mask

YY 0469-2011 Surgical Mask

Annex1

Comparison of Standards of Surgical Masks

Surgical masks are mainly used in the operating room or other similar medical environment. The focus is to prevent the possible spatter of blood, fluid through the mask to contaminate the wearer. The key core indicators are generally filtration efficiency, blood penetration, microorganisms, pressure difference, etc.

Surgical masks in China shall comply with YY0469 standard, and the surgical masks in EU shall comply with EN14683 standard:

  • For particle filtration efficiency, YY 0469-2011 stipulates particle filtration rate (PFE) ≥ 30%, while EN14683-2019 has no requirement;
  • For bacterial filtration efficiency, YY 0469-2011 stipulates that bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE) ≥95%, while in EN14683-2019 there’re three classes: Type I:≥95%, Type II and Type IIR:≥98%;
  • For blood penetrability, the requirement in YY 0469-2011 ≥16kPa, while EN14683-2019 only requires Type IIR, with the index ≥16kPa.

Comparison of key requirements between two standards is listed in Table 1-1.

Table 1-1 Comparison of key requirements between two standards

Country

China

European Union

Product

surgical masks

surgical masks

Standard

YY0469-2011

Surgical Masks

EN 14683-2019

Surgical Masks-Requirements and Test Methods

Scope

Suitable for disposable masks worn by clinical medical personnel during invasive operation

Suitable for use in surgery or other similar medical environment to limit the spread of pollutants produced by other workers to patients, and to effectively block the discharge of pollutants from the mouth and nose of suspected carriers or patients with clinical symptoms.

Tightness

X

X

Particle Filtration Efficiency (PFE)

≧30%

X

Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE)

≧95%

Type I:≥95%

Type II、Type IIR:≥98%

Pressure Difference

√(≤49Pa)

Type I and Type II:≤40Pa

Type IIR:≤60Pa(kPa)√

Blood Penetration

√(≥16kPa)

Type I and Type II:X

Type IIR:≥16(kPa)√

Surface Moisture Resistance

X

X

Microbiological Index

Flammability

√(The masks should burn no more than 5 S after leaving the flame)

X

Exhalation Value

X

X

Marking

Standard number, product name, production date and batch number, manufacturer’s name and contact information, product registration certificate number, instructions for use, words and symbols of “disposable use”.If the product is sterilized, the corresponding sterilization mark shall be provided, indicating the sterilization method and the sterilization period.Specification, size and tolerance. And product use.

Standard number and mask type (Type I, Type II or Type IIR)

Note: The comparison provided is only technical information based on text comparison and cannot be used as a legal basis for the foreign party to choose Chinese products.

Annex 2

Comparison of Respiratory Protective Equipment Standards—Non-powered Air-purifying Particle Respirator

Respiratory protective equipment—non-powered air-purifying particle respirator is mainly used in all kinds of places where aerosol particles exist, including all kinds of occupational places and daily places. The main function of the mask is to block liquid and solid particles into the wearer’s respiratory tract through the filter material of the mask and the tightness design of the mask body. Key core indicators mainly include filtration efficiency, leakage rate, respiratory resistance, etc. Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator shall meet the standard GB 2626 in China, and meet the standard EN149 in European Union.

For penetration of filter material/ filtration efficiency:

In GB 2626-2006, KN classes test Nacl only, KP classes test Paraffin oil only. Requirements of filtration efficiency: KN90≥90%, KN95≥95%, KN100≥99.97%; KP90 ≥90%, KP95≥95%, KP100≥99.97%.

In EN 149:2001+A1:2009, both Nacl and Parrafin oil tests are required. Requirements of filtration efficiency: FFP1≥80%, FFP2≥94%, FFP3≥99%. In general, the penetration/ filtration efficiency requirements are similar in both standards.

For Inward leakage:

Both standards are setting out same level of requirements for the Total Inward Leakage (TIL). In both GB 2626-2006 and EN 149:2001+A1:2009 at least 46 out of 50 individual TIL results and at least 8 out of 10 individual wearer TIL means are required.

The requirements are as follows:

KN90/KP90/FFP1: At least 46 out of 50 individual results≤25%, at least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means≤22%;

KN95/KP95/FFP2: At least 46 out of 50 individual results≤11%, at least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means≤8%;

KN100/KP100/FFP3: At least 46 out of 50 individual results≤5%, at least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means≤2%.

For breathing resistance:

In GB 2626-2006, all classes: Inhalation resistance≤350Pa at continuous flow, 85LPM;all classes: exhalation resistance≤250Pa; at continuous flow, 85LPM.

In EN 149:2001+A1:2009: Inhalation resistance, at continuous flow, 95LPM, FFP1≤210Pa, FFP2≤240Pa, FFP3≤300Pa; Exhalation resistance, at continuous flow, 160LPM, all classes: ≤300Pa.

Comparison of key requirements from two standards is listed in table 2-1:

Table2-1 Comparison of key requirements between two standards

Country

China

European Union

Product

Particle filtering half masks

Particle filtering half masks

Standard

GB 2626-2006 Respiratory protective equipment—

Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator

EN 149:2001+A1:2009

Respiratory protective devices – Filtering half masks to protect against particles – Requirements, testing, marking (Incorporates Amendment A1: 2009)

Scope

Non-powered air-purifying particle respirator against various particles

Non-powered air-purifying particle half mask against various particles

Inward Leakage

TIL

At least 46 out of 50 individual results

At least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means

TIL

At least 46 out of 50 individual results

At least 8 out of 10 individual wearer means

KN90/KP90

≤25%

≤22%

FFP1

≤25%

≤22%

KN95/KP95

≤11%

≤8%

FFP2

≤11%

≤8%

KN100/KP100

≤5%

≤2%

FFP3

≤5%

≤2%

Filtration Efficiency

KN

Test Nacl only

KN90 ≥90%

FFP1: Nacl and paraffin oil filtration efficiency≥80%

KN95 ≥95%

KN100 ≥99.97%

FFP2: Nacl and paraffin oil filtration efficiency≥94%

KP

Test Paraffin oil only

KP90 ≥90%

KP95 ≥95%

FFP3: Nacl and paraffin oil filtration efficiency≥99%

KP100 ≥99.97%

Breathing Resistance

All classes:

Inhalation resistance≤350Pa;

Continuous flow, 85LPM

Inhalation resistance:

FFP1≤210Pa;

         FFP2≤240Pa;

         FFP3≤300Pa;

95LPM

All classes:

Exhalation resistance≤250Pa;

Continuous flow, 85LPM

Exhalation resistance:

All classes≤300Pa;

160LPM

Flammability

√ Not continue to burn more than 5s after removal from fire.

√ Not continue to burn more than 5s after removal from fire.

Exhalation valve

Allow

Allow

Marking

On the product:

The name, trademark or other means of identification of the manufacturer or supplier;Type-identifying marking;Number and  year of the standard and class of product:GB 2626-2006 KN95;

On the smallest commercially availablepackaging:The name, trademark or other means of identification of the manufacturer or supplier;Type-identifying marking;Number and year of the standard and class of product:GB 2626-2006 KN95;Production date(at lease the year)or batch number,Storage life(at lease the year);“see information supplied by the manufacturer”;manufacturer’s recommended storage condition(at least temperature and humidity)

On the product:

The name, trademark or other means of identification of the manufacturer or supplier;Type-identifying marking;Number and  year of the standard and class of product: e.g. EN 149:2001+A1:2009 FFP2 NR

On the smallest commercially available packaging; The name, trademark or other means of identification of the manufacturer or supplier;Type-identifying marking;Number and  year of the standard and level of product: e.g. EN 149:2001+A1:2009 FFP2 NR;Production date(at lease the year)or batch number,Storage life(at lease the year);“see information supplied by the manufacturer”;manufacturer’s recommended storage condition(at least temperature and humidity)

Note: The comparison provided is only technical information based on text comparison and cannot be used as a legal basis for the foreign party to choose Chinese products.

GB 10213:2006- GB10213:2006 is Chinese standard for single–use medical rubber examination gloves. In Europe, single-use medical rubber gloves shall comply with EU standards EN 455-1, EN 455-2, EN 455-3 and EN 455-4. It follow ISO 11193 specification.

  • Latex Examination ISO 11193 Specification
    • Length: Min 220 mm (XS-S), MIN 230 mm (M-XL)
    • Thickness Single wall finger and Palm: smooth Min 0.08 mm /Textured Min 0.11 mm
    • Elongation (Before/After aging): Before 650%/ After 500%.
    • Force (Before/After aging) – Before 7N/ After 6N
    • Waterlight test: AQL 2.5.
  • Nitrile Examination ISO 11193 Specification
  • Length : Min 220 mm (XS-S), MIN 230 mm (M-XL)
  • Thickness Single wall finger and Palm : smooth Min 0.08 mm /Textured Min 0.11 mm
  • Elongation (Before/After aging): Before 500%/ After 400%
  • Force (Before/After aging) : Before 7N/ After 7N
  • Waterlight test : AQL 2.5

GB 7543-2006 Single-use Sterile Rubber Surgical Gloves.

Annex 3

Comparison of Single-use Medical Rubber Gloves Standards

Single-use medical rubber gloves are mainly used for medical examination and diagnosis, to prevent cross-infection between patients and users during surgical operation, and to handle contaminated medical materials. At present, Single-use medical rubber gloves produced in China include three types: single-use medical rubber inspection gloves, single-use sterilized rubber surgical gloves and single-use non-sterilized rubber surgical gloves.

The main technical requirements of single-use medical rubber gloves are classifications, material requirements, dimensions, tensile properties, water-tightness, sterilization, sampling program and packaging labeling requirements.

Chinese standards for single-use medical rubber gloves are: GB 10213-2006 Single-use Medical Rubber Inspection Gloves, GB 7543-2006 Single-use Sterile Rubber Surgical Gloves, GB/T 24787-2009 Single-use Non-sterile Rubber Surgical Gloves. In Europe, single-use medical rubber gloves shall comply with EU standards EN 455-1, EN 455-2, EN 455-3 and EN 455-4.

Chinese current national standards GB 10213-2006 (equivalent to ISO 11193.1-2002) and GB 7543-2006 (equivalent to ISO 10282:2004) are in line with ISO standards. GB/T 24787-2009 is a standard independently formulated by China. The comparison between the technical level of the three standards and between GB and the EU standards EN 455-1, EN 455-2, EN 455-3 and EN 455-4 is listed in table 3-1.

Table 3-1 Comparison of Chinese and European Standards for Single-use Medical Rubber Gloves

 

China

EU Standards

Analysis and Specification

Standard number and name

GB 10213-2006 Single-use medical rubber examination gloves (IDT ISO 11193.1: 2002)

GB 7543-2006 Single-use sterile rubber surgical gloves (IDT ISO 10282:2014)

EN 455-1: 2000 Medical gloves for single use- Part 1: Requirements and testing for freedom from holes

EN 455-2: 2015 Medical gloves for single use- Part 2: Requirements and testing for physical properties

EN 455-3: 2015 Medical Gloves for Single Use – Part 3: Requirements and Testing for Biological Evaluation

EN 455-4: 2009 Medical gloves for single use- part 4: Requirements and testing for shelf life determination

EU standards can be divided into 4 parts according to different requirements for gloves: water impermeability, physical properties, biological evaluation and storage requirements

Classification

Type 1: Made from natural rubber latex

Type 1: Made from natural rubber latex

——

——

——

——

Not classified by EU standards

Type 2: Made from synthetic rubber latex

Type 2: Made from synthetic rubber latex

     

Material

Compounded rubber: natural rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, styrene-butadiene rubber, iso-amyl rubber, styrene rubber, thermoplastic elastomer solution, or styrene-biphenyl rubber.

Compounded rubber: natural rubber, nitrile rubber, neoprene rubber, styrene-butadiene rubber, iso-amyl rubber, styrene rubber, thermoplastic elastomer solution, or styrene-biphenyl rubber.

——

——

——

——

The main material of glove is not given clearly, but it is reflected in the tensile property requirement of physical properties

 

For ease of wear, a lubricant, powder, or polymer coating complying to ISO 10993 can be used for surface treatment.

     
 

Any paint used should be non-toxic. The transportable substance used for surface treatment shall be bioabsorbable.

     
 

Gloves provided to users shall comply with the requirements of the relevant part of ISO 10993. Where necessary, the manufacturer shall make it easy for the purchaser to obtain information that meets these requirements

     

Water-tightness

Water-tightness

Water-tightness

Water-tightness

——

——

——

 

Sterilization

If sterilization is needed, the types of glove sterilization treatment shall be marked as required.

If sterilization is needed, the types of glove sterilization treatment shall be marked as required.

——

——

——

——

EU sterilization test shall be carried out in accordance with the sterilization method specified in EN ISO 11607.

 

Tensile properties

Breaking force before aging: ≥7.0N

Breaking force before aging: Type 1≥12.5N;Type 2≥9.1N

——

Surgical gloves:

≥9.0N

Examination / procedure

≥6.0N (non-plastic materials such as PVC, PE),

≥3.6N (plastic  (Such as PVC, PE).

——

——

70 ℃ × 7 days before and after aging with the same performance.

 

Fixed extension load 300% before aging:Type 1≥2.0N; Type 2≥3.0N

     

Elongation at break before aging: Type 1 ≥650%, Type 2 ≥500%

Elongation at break before aging: Type 1 ≥700%, Type 2 ≥600%

    

Because the minimum thickness of gloves is not specified in EU standards, and the types of cutters used in the test are different, the width of the test specimen is 3mm. Therefore, it is no comparable regarding this performance.

Breaking force after aging: Type 1 ≥6.0N; Type 2 ≥7.0N

Breaking force after aging: Type 1 ≥9.5N; Type 2 ≥9.0N

     

Elongation at break after aging: Type 1 ≥500%; Type 2 ≥400%

Elongation at break after aging: Type 1 ≥550%; Type 2 ≥500%

     

Limit of powder residue

Not specified

Not specified

  

≤2.0mg

 

GB 24788-2009 has same corresponding requirements.

Chemicals

    

The content of chemicals used shall not exceed the limit specified in ISO 10993-2017, and as small as possible, the chemicals used shall not affect the user’s health.

 

The regulations in GB standards compliance with all requirements specified in ISO 10993.

Endotoxicity

    

≤20 each glove

 

The requirements in the GB standard meet all the requirements of ISO 10993. 

Water extraction protein

    

The minimum water extraction protein content shall be indicated.

 

In GB 24788-2009 it is required that this value shall be not exceed 200 μg/ dm2. However, there is no maximum limit in EU standards. 

Shelf life

     

For any new product or change, the product should be tested for shelf life.

 
ASTM

RoHS

Masks

ASTM F2299/F2299M-03(2017) Standard Test Method for Determining the Initial Efficiency of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Particulates Using Latex Spheres

ASTM F2101-19 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) of Medical Face Mask Materials, Using a Biological Aerosol of Staphylococcus aureus

ASTM F2100-19e1 Standard Specification for Performance of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks

ASTM F1862/F1862M-17 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Synthetic Blood (Horizontal Projection of Fixed Volume at a Known Velocity)

ASTM F1494-14 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

Medical Gowns

ASTM F2407-06(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Surgical Gowns Intended for Use in Healthcare Facilities

ASTM F1671/F1671M-13 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Blood-Borne Pathogens Using Phi-X174 Bacteriophage Penetration as a Test System

ASTM F1868-17 Standard Test Method for Thermal and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing Materials Using a Sweating Hot Plate

ASTM D751-19 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

ASTM D1683/D1683M-17(2018) Standard Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Fabrics

ASTM D1776/D1776M-20 Standard Practice for Conditioning and Testing Textiles

ASTM D5034-09(2017) Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

ASTM D5587-15(2019) Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure

ASTM D6701-16 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Vapor Transmission Rates Through Nonwoven and Plastic Barriers

ASTM F1494-14 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

Gloves

ASTM D6319-19 Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM D3578-19 Standard Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves

ASTM D5250-19 Standard Specification for Poly(vinyl chloride) Gloves for Medical Application

ASTM D6977-19 Standard Specification for Polychloroprene Examination Gloves for Medical Application

Hand Sanitizers

ASTM E2755-15 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Healthcare Personnel Hand Rub Formulations Using Hands of Adults

ASTM E1174-13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Health Care Personnel Handwash Formulations

ASTM E3058-16 Standard Test Method for Determining the Residual Kill Activity of Hand Antiseptic Formulations

ASTM E1838-17 Standard Test Method for Determining the Virus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using the Fingerpads of Adults

ASTM E2613-14 Standard Test Method for Determining Fungus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using Fingerpads of Adults

ASTM E2870-19 Standard Practice for Evaluating Relative Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Handwashing Formulations using the Palmar Surface and Mechanical Hand Sampling

ASTM E2011-13 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Formulations for Virus-Eliminating Activity Using the Entire Hand

Ventilators

ASTM F3387-19 Standard Practice for Respiratory Protection

Thermometers

ASTM E1104-98(2016) Standard Specification for Clinical Thermometer Probe Covers and Sheaths

 

All ASTM Content

A20/A20M-1993a Standard Specification for General requirements for Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels

A20/A20M-1997b

Current Active Version: A20/A20M-2019

 

A36/A36M-1997ae1 Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel

Current Active Version: A36/A36M-2019

 

A47-1968 Standard Specifications For Malleable Iron Castings

A47M-1990

A47M-1990(1996)

 

A53-1976 Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Black and Hot-Dipped, Zinc-Coated Welded and Seamless

A53-1979

A53-1993a

A53-1996

A53/A53M-1998a

A53/A53M-2010

Current Active Version: A53/A53M-2020

 

A74-1975 Standard Specification for Cast Iron Soil Pipe And Fittings

A74-1992

Current Active Version: A74-2020

 

A82-1979 Standard Specification for Cold-Drawn Steel Wire For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A1064/A1064M

 

A99-1976 Standard Specification for Ferromanganese

A99-1982(1992)

A99-1982(2000)

Current Active Version: A99-2003(2019)

 

A100-1969(1974) Standard Specification for Ferrosilicon

A100-1993(2000)

Current Active Version: A100-2007(2018)

 

A101-1973 Standard Specification for Ferrochromium

A101-1993(2000)

Current Active Version: A101-2004(2019)

 

A106-1995 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

A106/A106M-2004

A106/A106M-2004b

A106/A106M-2010

Current Active Version: A106/A106M-2019a

 

A109/A109M-1998a Standard Specification for Steel, Strip, Carbon (0.25 Maximum Percent), Cold-Rolled

Current Active Version: A109/A109M-2016(2018)

 

A116-1973 Standard Specification for Zinc- Coated (Galvanized) Iron Or Steel Farm- Field And Railroad Right-Of-Way Wire Fencing

Current Active Version: A116-2011(2016)

 

A126-1966 Standard Specifications For Gray Iron Castings For Valves, Flanges, And Pipe Fittings

A126-1995e1

Current Active Version: A126-2004(2019)

 

A134-1996 Standard Specification for Pipe, Steel, Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded (Sizes NPS 16 and Over)

A134-1996(2012)

Current Active Version: A134/A134M-2019

 

A135-1997c Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Steel Pipe

Current Active Version: A135/A135M-2019

 

A139-1996 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion (Arc)-Welded Steel Pipe (NPS 4 and Over)

Current Active Version: A139/A139M-2016

 

A148/A148M-1993b(1998) Standard Specification for Steel Castings, High Strength, for Structural Purposes

Current Active Version: A148/A148M-2020e1

 

A153-1982(1987) Standard Specification for Zinc Coating (Hot-Dip) on Iron and Steel Hardware

Current Active Version: A153/A153M-2016a

 

A167-1977 Standard Specification for Stainless And Heat-Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate, Sheet. And Strip

 

A178/A178M-1995(2000) Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel and Carbon-Manganese Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

Current Active Version: A178/A178M-2019

 

A179/A179M-1990a(2005) Standard Specification for Seamless Cold-Drawn Low-Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes

A179/A179M-1990a(2012)

Current Active Version: A179/A179M-2019

 

A182/A182M-1997c Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled Alloy-Steel Pipe Flanges, Forged Fittings, and Valves and Parts for High-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A182/A182M-2020

 

A184-1979 Standard Specification for Fabricated Deformed Steel Bar Mats For Concrete Reinforcement

Current Active Version: A184/A184M-2019

 

A185-1979 Standard Specification for Welded Steel Wire Fabric For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A1064/A1064M

 

A192/A192M-1991(1996)e1 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel Boiler Tubes for High-Pressure Service

Current Active Version: A192/A192M-2017

 

A193-1990a Standard Specification for Alloy-Steel and Stainless Steel Bolting Materials for High-Temperature Service

A193/A193M-1998a

Current Active Version: A193/A193M-2020

 

A194/A194M-1998b Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Nuts for Bolts for High Pressure or High Temperature Service, or Both

Current Active Version: A194/A194M-2020a

 

A197M-1987(1992) Specification for Cupola Malleable Iron [Metric] (Withdrawn 1999)

A197/A197M-1998

Current Active Version: A197/A197M-2000(2019)

 

A203/A203M-1997 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Nickel

A203/A203M-1997(2007)e1

Current Active Version: A203/A203M-2017

 

A210/A210M-1996 Standard Specification for Seamless Medium-Carbon Steel Boiler and Superheater Tubes

Current Active Version: A210/A210M-2019

 

A213/A213M-1995a Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic and Austenitic Alloy-Steel Boiler, Superheater, and Heat-Exchanger Tubes

Current Active Version: A213/A213M-2019a

 

A214/A214M-1996 Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Heat-Exchanger and Condenser Tubes

A214/A214M-1996(2012)

Current Active Version: A214/A214M-2019

 

A216/A216M-1993(1998) Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon, Suitable for Fusion Welding, for High- Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A216/A216M-2018

 

A226/A226M-1995 Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Boiler Superheater Tubes for High-Pressure Service (Withdrawn 1997)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

A234/A234M-1997 Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Moderate and High Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A234/A234M-2019

 

A240/A240M-1999b Standard Specification for Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Stainless Steel Plate, Sheet, and Strip for Pressure Vessels and for General Applications

Current Active Version: A240/A240M-2020

 

A242-1979 Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel

A242-1981

Current Active Version: A242/A242M-2013(2018)

 

A249/A249M-1996a Standard Specification for Welded Austenitic Steel Boiler, Superheater, Heat-Exchanger, and Condenser Tubes

Current Active Version: A249/A249M-2018a

 

A262-1998 Standard Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels

Current Active Version: A262-2015

 

A268/A268M-1996 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Ferritic and Martensitic Stainless Steel Tubing for General Service

Current Active Version: A268/A268M-2020

 

A276-1998b Standard Specification for Stainless Steel Bars and Shapes

Current Active Version: A276/A276M-2017

 

A285-1978 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, Low- and Intermediate-Tensile Strength

Current Active Version: A285/A285M-2017

 

A300-1958 Standard Specification for Steel Plates For Pressure Vessels For Service At Low Temperatures

A300-1968

 

A302/A302M-1993 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Alloy Steel, Manganese-Molybdenum and Manganese-Molybdenum-Nickel

A302/A302M-1997e1

Current Active Version: A302/A302M-2017

 

A307-1978 Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Externally Threaded Standard Fasteners

A307-1997

Current Active Version: A307-2014e1

 

A308-1978e1 Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Long Terne Coated

 

A312/A312M-1995ae1 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Austenitic Stainless Steel Pipes

Current Active Version: A312/A312M-2019

 

A320/A320M-1997 Standard Specification for Alloy/Steel Bolting Materials for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A320/A320M-2018

 

A325-1979 Standard Specification for High-Strength Bolts For Structural Steel Joints

 

A333-1967 Standard Specifications For Seamless And Welded Steel Pipe For Low-Temperature Service

A333/A333M-1994

A333/A333M-2011

Current Active Version: A333/A333M-2018

 

A334/A334M-1996 Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Carbon and Alloy-Steel Tubes for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A334/A334M-2004a(2016)

 

A335/A335M-1995a Standard Specification for Seamless Ferritic Alloy-Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A335/A335M-2019a

 

A350/A350M-1997 Standard Specification for Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel Forgings, Requiring Notch Toughness Testing for Piping Components

Current Active Version: A350/A350M-2018

 

A351/A351M-1994 Standard Specification for Castings, Austenitic, Austenitic- Ferritic (Duplex), for Pressure-Containing Parts

Current Active Version: A351/A351M-2018e1

 

A352/A352M-1993(1998) Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Ferritic and Martensitic, for Pressure-Containing Parts, Suitable for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A352/A352M-2018a

 

A358/A358M-1995ae1 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Austenitic Chromium-Nickel Alloy Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A358/A358M-2019

 

A361-1976(1981)e1 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) By The Hot-Dip Process For Roofing And Siding

 

A366/A366M-1997e1 Standard Specification for Commercial Steel (CS) Sheet, Carbon (0.15 Maximum Percent) Cold-Rolled (Withdrawn 2000)

Replaced By: A1008/A1008M

 

A369/A369M-1992 Standard Specification for Carbon and Ferritic Alloy Steel Forged and Bored Pipe for High-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A369/A369M-2018a

 

A370-1968 Standard Methods And Definitions For Mechanical Testing Of Steel Products

A370-1994

A370-1997a

Current Active Version: A370-2019e1

 

A372/A372M-2003(2008) Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Forgings for Thin-Walled Pressure Vessels

A372/A372M-2010

Current Active Version: A372/A372M-2020e1

 

A376/A376M-1998 Standard Specification for Seamless Austenitic Steel Pipe for High-Temperature Central-Station Service

Current Active Version: A376/A376M-2019

 

A381-1996(2001) Standard Specification for Metal-Arc-Welded Steel Pipe for Use With High-Pressure Transmission Systems

A381-1996(2005)

Current Active Version: A381/A381M-2018

 

A391-1965 Standard Specifications For Alloy Steel Chain

Current Active Version: A391/A391M-2007(2012)

 

A395-1968 Standard Specifications For Ductile Iron For Pressure Containing Castings For Use At Elevated Temperatures

A395/A395M-1998

Current Active Version: A395/A395M-1999(2018)

 

A403/A403M-1998 Standard Specification for Wrought Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Fittings

Current Active Version: A403/A403M-2020

 

A412-1975 Standard Specification for Stainless And Heat-Resisting Chromium-Nickel-Manganese Steel Plate, Sheet, And Strip

 

A416-1974 Standard Specification for Uncoated Seven-Wire Stress-Relieved Strand For Prestressed Concrete

Current Active Version: A416/A416M-2018

 

A420/A420M-1996 Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A420/A420M-2020

 

A421/A421M-1998a Standard Specification for Uncoated Stress-Relieved Steel Wire for Prestressed Concrete

Current Active Version: A421/A421M-2015

 

A441-1979 Standard Specification for High- Strength Low- Alloy Structural Manganese Vanadium Steel

A441-1981

 

A446-1976(1981)e1 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) By The Hot-Dip Process, Structural (Physical) Quality

Replaced By: A653/A653M

 

A449-1978a Standard Specification for Quenched And Tempered Steel Bolts And Studs

Current Active Version: A449-2014

 

A475-1978 Standard Specification for Zinc-Coated Steel Wire Strand

Current Active Version: A475-2003(2014)

 

A482-1976 Standard Specification for Ferrochrome-Silicon

A482-1993(2000)

Current Active Version: A482/A482M-2011(2016)

 

A483-1964(1980) Standard Specification for Silicomanganese

A483-1964(1994)

A483-1964(2000)

Current Active Version: A483/A483M-2010(2020)

 

A490-1979 Standard Specification for Quenched And Tempered Alloy Steel Bolts For Structural Steel Joints

 

A495-1976 Standard Specification for Calcium-Silicon And Calcium-Manganese-Silicon

A495-1994(2000)

Current Active Version: A495-2006(2020)

 

A496-1978 Standard Specification for Deformed Steel Wire For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A1064/A1064M

 

A497-1979 Standard Specification for Welded Deformed Steel Wire Fabric For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A1064/A1064M

 

A500-1978 Standard Specification for Cold-Formed Welded And Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing In Rounds And Shapes

Current Active Version: A500/A500M-2020

 

A501-1976 Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded And Seamless Carbon Steel Structural Tubing

Current Active Version: A501/A501M-2014

 

A502-1976 Standard Specification for Steel Structural Rivets

Current Active Version: A502-2003(2015)

 

A505-1987(1998) Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Alloy, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, General Requirements for

Current Active Version: A505-2016

 

A514-1977 Standard Specification for High-Yield- Strength, Quenched And Tempered Alloy Steel Plate, Suitable For Welding

A514-1981

Current Active Version: A514/A514M-2018e1

 

A515/A515M-2003 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, for Intermediate- and Higher-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A515/A515M-2017

 

A516/A516M-1990(2001) Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Carbon Steel, for Moderate- and Lower-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A516/A516M-2017

 

A520-1997 Standard Specification for Supplementary Requirements for Seamless and Electric-Resistance-Welded Carbon Steel Tubular Products for High-Temperature Service Conforming to ISO Recommendations for Boiler Construction (Withdrawn 2000)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

A522/A522M-1995b Standard Specification for Forged or Rolled 8 and 9% Nickel Alloy Steel Flanges, Fittings, Valves, and Parts for Low-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A522/A522M-2014(2019)

 

A525-1979 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) By The Hot-Dip Process, General Requirements

A525-1991be1

Current Active Version: A653/A653M-2020

 

A526/A526M-1985 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) by the Hot-Dip Process, Commercial Quality

Replaced By: A653/A653M

 

A529-1975 Standard Specification for Structural Steel With 42 000 Psi (290 Mpa) Minimum Yield Point (1/2 In. (12.7 Mm) Maximum Thickness)

Current Active Version: A529/A529M-2019

 

A536-1984(1993) Standard Specification for Ductile Iron Castings

A536-1984(2009)

Current Active Version: A536-1984(2019)e1

 

A537/A537M-1991 Standard Specification for Pressure Vessel Plates, Heat-Treated, Carbon-Manganese-Silicon Steel

Current Active Version: A537/A537M-2020

 

A539-1990a Standard Specification for Electric-Resistance-Welded Coiled Steel Tubing for Gas and Fuel Oil Lines

 

A568/A568M-2000b Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Carbon, and High-Strength, Low-Alloy, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, General Requirements for

Current Active Version: A568/A568M-2019a

 

A569/A569M-1991a(1993)e1 Standard Specification for Steel, Carbon (O. 15 Maximum, Percent), Hot-Rolled Sheet and Strip Commercial Quality

Replaced By: A1011/A1011M

 

A570-1979 Standard Specification for Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Sheet And Strip, Structural Quality

Replaced By: A1011/A1011M

 

A572-1979 Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Columbium-Vanadium Steels Of Structural Quality

A572-1982

Current Active Version: A572/A572M-2018

 

A575-1996 Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Merchant Quality, M-Grades

A575-1996(2007)

Current Active Version: A575-2020

 

A576-1990b(2000) Standard Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon, Hot-Wrought, Special Quality

A576-1990b(2012)

Current Active Version: A576-2017

 

A578/A578M-1996(2001) Standard Specification for Straight-Beam Ultrasonic Examination of Plain and Clad Steel Plates for Special Applications

Current Active Version: A578/A578M-2017

 

A588-1979a Standard Specification for High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel With 50 000 psi Minimum Yield Point To 4 in. Thick

A588-1981

Current Active Version: A588/A588M-2019

 

A591/A591M-1989 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Electrolytic Zinc-Coated, for Light Coating Mass Applications

Replaced By: A879/A879M

 

A606-1975 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet and Strip, Hot-Rolled and Cold-Rolled, High-Strength, Low-Alloy, with Improved Corrosion Resistance

A606-1998

Current Active Version: A606/A606M-2018

 

A607-1975(1981) Standard Specification for Steel Sheet And Strip, Hot-Rolled And Cold-Rolled, High-Strength, Low-Alloy Columbium And / Or Vanadium

A607-1998

 

A611-1972(1979) Standard Specification for Steel, Cold-Rolled Sheet, Carbon, Structural

Replaced By: A1008/A1008M

 

A612-1972a Standard Specification for High-Strength Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels for Moderate- and Lower-Temperature Service

Current Active Version: A612/A612M-2020

 

A615-1979 Standard Specification for Deformed And Plain Billet-Steel Bars For Concrete Reinforcement

Current Active Version: A615/A615M-2020

 

A616-1979 Standard Specification for Rail-Steel Deformed And Plain Bars For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A996/A996M

 

A617-1979 Standard Specification for Axle-Steel Deformed And Plain Bars For Concrete Reinforcement

Replaced By: A996/A996M

 

A618-1974 Standard Specification for Hot-Formed Welded And Seamless High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Tubing

Current Active Version: A618/A618M-2004(2015)

 

A621/A621M-1991 Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Carbon, Hot-Rolled, -Drawing Quality

 

A633-1979a Standard Specification for Normalized High-Strength Low-Alloy Structural Steel

Current Active Version: A633/A633M-2018

 

A653/A653M-1998a Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Zinc-Coated (Galvinized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed) by the Hot-Dip Process

Current Active Version: A653/A653M-2020

 

A668-1981a Standard Specification for Steel Forgings, Carbon And Alloy, For General Industrial Use

Current Active Version: A668/A668M-2020a

 

A671-1994 Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures

A671-2004

A671/A671M-2010

Current Active Version: A671/A671M-2020

 

A672-1996(2001) Standard Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel Pipe for High-Pressure Service at Moderate Temperatures

A672/A672M-2009

Current Active Version: A672/A672M-2019

 

A691-1998(2007) Standard Specification for Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe, Electric-Fusion-Welded for High-Pressure Service at High Temperatures

A691/A691M-2009

Current Active Version: A691/A691M-2019

 

A715-1981e1 Standard Specification for Steel Sheet and Strip, Hot-Rolled, High-Strength, Low-Alloy, with Improved Formability

Replaced By: A1008/A1008M,A1011/A1011M

 

A1008/A1008M-2003 Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet, Cold-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy and High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability

Current Active Version: A1008/A1008M-2020

 

A1011/A1011M-2003 Standard Specification for Steel, Sheet and Strip, Hot-Rolled, Carbon, Structural, High-Strength Low-Alloy and High-Strength Low-Alloy with Improved Formability

A1011/A1011M-2003a

Current Active Version: A1011/A1011M-2018a

 

B3-1990 Standard Specification for Soft or Annealed Copper Wire

Current Active Version: B3-2013(2018)

 

B16-1992 Standard Specification for Free-Cutting Brass Rod, Bar and Shapes for Use in Screw Machines

Current Active Version: B16/B16M-2019

 

B21-1996 Standard Specification for Naval Brass Rod, Bar, and Shapes

Replaced By: B21/B21M

 

B26/B26M-1997 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Sand Castings

Current Active Version: B26/B26M-2018e1

 

B33-1991 Standard Specification for Tinned Soft or Annealed Copper Wire for Electrical Purposes

Current Active Version: B33-2010(2020)e1

 

B41-1991 Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes

Replaced By: E39

 

B42-1993 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Pipe, Standard Sizes

B42-1996

Current Active Version: B42-2020

 

B43-1991 Standard Specification for Seamless Red Brass Pipe, Standard Sizes

B43-1996

Current Active Version: B43-2020

 

B68-1995 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube, Bright Annealed

Current Active Version: B68/B68M-2019

 

B75-1997 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube

Current Active Version: B75/B75M-2020

 

B85-1996 Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Die Castings

Current Active Version: B85/B85M-2018e1

 

B88-1966a Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Water Tube

B88-1983a

B88-1993a

B88-1996

Current Active Version: B88-2020

 

B96-1993 Standard Specification for Copper-Silicon Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar for General Purposes and Pressure Vessel

Current Active Version: B96/B96M-2016

 

B111-1995 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper- Alloy Seamless Condenser Tubes and Ferrule Stock

Current Active Version: B111/B111M-2018a

 

B117-1964 Standard Method Of Salt Spray (Fog) Testing

B117-1973(1979)

B117-1990

B117-1997

B117-2003

Current Active Version: B117-2019

 

B122/B122M-1995 Standard Specification for Copper-Nickel-Tin Alloy, Copper-Nickel-Zinc Alloy (Nickel Silver), and Copper-Nickel Alloy Plate, Sheet, Strip, and Rolled Bar

Current Active Version: B122/B122M-2016

 

B124-1996 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper Alloy Forging Rod, Bar, and Shapes

Current Active Version: B124/B124M-2020

 

B127-1993ae1 Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS N04400) Plate, Sheet, and Strip

B127-1998

Current Active Version: B127-2019

 

B152-1997 Standard Specification for Copper Sheet, Strip, Plate, and Rolled Bar

B152-1997a

Current Active Version: B152/B152M-2019

 

B161-1993 Standard Specification for Nickel Seamless Pipe and Tube

Current Active Version: B161-2005(2019)

 

B162-1993ae1 Standard Specification for Nickel Plate, Sheet, and Strip

Current Active Version: B162-1999(2019)

 

B165-1993 Standard Specification for Nickel-Copper Alloy (UNS N04400)* Seamless Pipe and Tube

Current Active Version: B165-2019

 

B167-1997a Standard Specification for Nickel-Chromium-Iron Alloys (UNS N06600, N06601, N06603, N06690, N06025, and N06045)* Seamless Pipe and Tube

Current Active Version: B167-2018

 

B171/B171M-1999 Standard Specification for Copper-Alloy Plate and Sheet for Pressure Vessels, Condensers, and Heat Exchangers

Current Active Version: B171/B171M-2018

 

B193-1987 Standard Test Method for Resistivity of Electrical Conductor Materials

B193-1987(1992)

Current Active Version: B193-2019

 

B209-1993 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Sheet and Plate

B209-1996

Current Active Version: B209-2014

 

B210-1968 Standard Specifications For Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes

B210-1995

Current Active Version: B210/B210M-2019a

 

B221-1976a Standard Specification for Aluminum-Alloy Extruded Bars, Rods, Wire, Shapes, and Tubes

Current Active Version: B221-2014

 

B224-1980e1 Standard Classification of COPPERS

B224-1991

Current Active Version: B224-2016

 

B227-1970(1980) Standard Specification for Hard-Drawn Copper-Clad Steel Wire

Current Active Version: B227-2015(2019)

 

B234-1995 Standard Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Drawn Seamless Tubes for Condensers and Heat Exchangers

Current Active Version: B234-2017

 

B241-1969 Standard Specifications For Aluminum-Alloy Seamless Pipe And Seamless Extruded Tube

B241/B241M-1996

Current Active Version: B241/B241M-2016

 

B251-1993 Standard Specification for General Requirements for Wrought Seamless Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube

Current Active Version: B251/B251M-2017

 

B280-1993a Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Tube for Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Field Service

B280-1995a

Current Active Version: B280-2020

 

B283-1996 Standard Specification for Copper and Copper-Alloy Die Forgings (Hot-Pressed)

Current Active Version: B283/B283M-2020

 

B306-1992 Standard Specification for Copper Drainage Tube (DWV)

Current Active Version: B306-2020

 

B315-1993 Standard Specification for Seamless Copper Alloy Pipe and Tube

Current Active Version: B315-2019

 

B361-1995 Standard Specification for Factory-Made Wrought Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Welding Fittings

Current Active Version: B361-2016

 

B370-1977 Standard Specification for Copper Sheet And Strip For Building Construction

Current Active Version: B370-2012(2019)

 

B456-1995 Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Copper Plus Nickel Plus Chromium and Nickel Plus Chromium

Current Active Version: B456-2017

 

B539-1990 Standard Test Methods for Measuring Contact Resistance of Electrical Connections (Static Contacts)

Current Active Version: B539-2020

 

B557-1984 Wrought and Cast Aluminum- and Magnesium-Alloy Products

B557-1984e1

Current Active Version: B557-2015

 

B580-1979(2000) Standard Specification for Anodic Oxide Coatings on Aluminum

Current Active Version: B580-1979(2019)

 

B587-1980 Standard Specification for Welded Brass Tube

Current Active Version: B587-2019

 

B633-1985e1 Standard Specification for Electrodeposited Coatings of Zinc on Iron and Steel

Current Active Version: B633-2019

 

B694-1986 Standard Specification for Copper, Copper Alloy, and Copper-Clad Stainless Steel Sheet and Strip for Electrical Cable Shielding

Current Active Version: B694-2019

 

B736-1992a Standard Specification for Aluminum, Aluminum Alloy and Aluminum-Clad Steel Cable Shielding Stock

 

B858-1995 Standard Test Method for Ammonia Vapor Test for Determination Susceptibility to Stress Corrosion Cracking in Copper Alloys

Current Active Version: B858-2006(2018)

 

C4-1962 Standard Specifications For Clay Drain Tile

Current Active Version: C4-2004(2018)

 

C5-1979(1997) Standard Specification for Quicklime for Structural Purposes

Current Active Version: C5-2018

 

C12-1998e1 Standard Practice for Installing Vitrified Clay Pipe Lines

Current Active Version: C12-2017

 

C14-1981 Standard Specification for Concrete Sewer, Storm Drain, And Culvert Pipe

Current Active Version: C14-2020

 

C22-1977 Standard Specification for Gypsum

Current Active Version: C22/C22M-2000(2015)

 

C28-1980 Standard Specification for Gypsum Plasters

Current Active Version: C28/C28M-2010(2020)

 

C32-1973 Standard Specification for Sewer And Manhole Brick ( ade From Clay Or Shale)

Current Active Version: C32-2013(2017)

 

C33-1985 Standard Specification for Concrete Aggregates

C33-2007

Current Active Version: C33/C33M-2018

 

C34-1962 Standard Specifications For Structural, Clay Load-Bearing Wall Tile

Current Active Version: C34-2017

 

C35-1976 Standard Specification for Inorganic Aggregates For Use In Gypsum Plaster

Current Active Version: C35-2001(2019)

 

C36-1980 Standard Specification for Gypsum Wallboard

C36-1993

C36/C36M-1999e1

Current Active Version: C1396/C1396M-2017

 

C37-1981 Standard Specification for Gypsum Lath

Replaced By: C1396/C1396M

 

C52-1954(1965) Standard Specifications For Gypsum Partition Tile Or Block

 

C55-1975 Standard Specification for Concrete Building Brick

Current Active Version: C55-2017

 

C56-1971 Standard Specification for Structural Clay Non-Load-Bearing Tile

Current Active Version: C56-2013(2017)

 

C57-1957(1965) Standard Specifications For Structural Clay Floor Tile

 

C61-1976 Standard Specification for Gypsum Keenes Cement

Current Active Version: C61/C61M-2000(2020)

 

C62-1981 Standard Specification for Building Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made From Clay Or Shale)

Current Active Version: C62-2017

 

C64-1972(1977) Standard Specification for Refractories for Incinerators and Boilers

 

C73-1975 Standard Specification for Calcium Silicate Face Brick (Sand-Lime Brick)

Current Active Version: C73-2017

 

C76-2000 Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete Culvert, Storm Drain, and Sewer Pipe

Current Active Version: C76-2019b

 

C79-1978 Standard Specification for Gypsum Sheathing Board

Replaced By: C1396/C1396M

 

C88-1976 Standard Test Method for Soundness Of Aggregates By Use Of Sodium Sulfate Or Magnesium Sulfate

Current Active Version: C88/C88M-2018

 

C90-2000 Standard Specification for Loadbearing Concrete Masonry Units

Current Active Version: C90-2016a

 

C91-1978e1 Standard Specification for Masonry Cement

Current Active Version: C91/C91M-2018

 

C94-1981 Standard Specification for Ready-Mixed Concrete

C94/C94M-2007

Current Active Version: C94/C94M-2020

 

C126-1971 Standard Specification for Ceramic Glazed Structural Clay Facing Tile, Facing Brick, And Solid Masonry Units

Current Active Version: C126-2019

 

C129-1975 Standard Specification for Non-Load-Bearing Concrete Masonry Units

Current Active Version: C129-2017

 

C139-1973 Standard Specification for Concrete Masonry Units For Construction Of Catch Basins And Manholes

Current Active Version: C139-2017

 

C143-1978 Standard Test Method for Slump Of Portland Cement Concrete

Current Active Version: C143/C143M-2020

 

C144-1976 Standard Specification for Aggregate For Masonry Mortar

Current Active Version: C144-2018

 

C150-1956 Standard Specifications for Portland Cement

C150-1981

C150-1994b

C150-2007

Current Active Version: C150/C150M-2020

 

C157-1975 Standard Test Method for Length Change Of Hardened Cement Mortar And Concrete

Current Active Version: C157/C157M-2017

 

C177-1985(1993)e1 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Guarded-Hot-Plate Apparatus

C177-1997

C177-2004

Current Active Version: C177-2019

 

C206-1979 Standard Specification for Finishing Hydrated Lime

Current Active Version: C206-2014

 

C207-1979(1988)e1 Standard Specification for Hydrated Lime for Masonry Purposes

Current Active Version: C207-2018

 

C208-1972 Standard Specification for Insulating Board (Cellulosic Fiber), Structural And Decorative

C208-1972(1982)

Current Active Version: C208-2012(2017)e2

 

C209-1972 Standard Methods of Testing Insulating Board (Cellulosic Fiber), Structural And Decorative

Current Active Version: C209-2020

 

C212-1960(1975) Standard Specification for Structural Clay Facing Tile

C212-1960(1986)

Current Active Version: C212-2020

 

C216-1981e1 Standard Specification for Facing Brick (Solid Masonry Units Made From Clay Or Shale)

Current Active Version: C216-2019

 

C220-1991(2004) Standard Specification for Flat Asbestos-Cement Sheets

Current Active Version: C220-1991(2015)

 

C221-1977 Standard Specification for Corrugated Asbestos-Cement Sheets

 

C222-1978 Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Roofing Shingles

 

C223-1978(1984) Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Siding

 

C236-1989(1993)e1 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of a Guarded Hot Box (Withdrawn 2001)

Replaced By: C1363

 

C260-1977 Standard Specification for Air-Entraining Admixtures for Concrete

Current Active Version: C260/C260M-2010a(2016)

 

C270-1980a Standard Specification for Mortar For Unit Masonry

Current Active Version: C270-2019ae1

 

C315-1978c(1983) Standard Specification for Clay Flue Linings

Current Active Version: C315-2007(2016)

 

C317-1976 Standard Specification for Gypsum Concrete

Current Active Version: C317/C317M-2000(2019)

 

C330-1980 Standard Specification for Lightweight Aggregates For Structural Concrete

C330-2005

Current Active Version: C330/C330M-2017a

 

C377-1966(1977) Standard Specification for Precast Reinforced Gypsum Slabs

 

C412-1981a Standard Specification for Concrete Drain Tile

Current Active Version: C412-2019

 

C425-1977(1982) Standard Specification for Compression Joints for Vitrified Clay Pipe and Fittings

Current Active Version: C425-2004(2018)

 

C428-1978 Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Nonpressure Sewer Pipe

C428-1981(1985)

Current Active Version: C428/C428M-2005(2019)

 

C475-1964 Standard Specifications For Joint Treatment Materials For Gypsum Wallboard Construction

Current Active Version: C475/C475M-2017

 

C476-1971 Standard Specification for Mortar And Grout For Reinforced Masonry

Current Active Version: C476-2020

 

C494-1979 Standard Specification for Chemical Admixtures For Concrete

Current Active Version: C494/C494M-2019

 

C495-1999a Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Lightweight Insulating Concrete

Current Active Version: C495/C495M-2012(2019)

 

C508-1998 Standard Specification for Asbestos-Cement Underdrain Pipe

Current Active Version: C508/C508M-2000(2015)

 

C509-1979 Standard Specification for Cellular Elastomeric Preformed Gasket And Sealing Material

Current Active Version: C509-2006(2015)

 

C514-1977 Standard Specification for Nails For The Application Of Gypsum Wallboard

Current Active Version: C514-2004(2020)

 

C516-1975 Standard Specification for Vermiculite Loose Fill Insulation

C516-1980(1996)e1

Current Active Version: C516-2019

 

C517-1971(1979) Standard Specification for Diatomaceous Earth Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation

 

C518-1991 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Heat Flux Measurements and Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus

C518-2004

Current Active Version: C518-2017

 

C530-1970(1975) Standard Specification for Structural Clay Non-Load-Bearing Screen Tile

C530-1970(1986)

Current Active Version: C530-2013(2017)

 

C533-1985(1990) Standard Specification for Calcium Silicate Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C533-2017

 

C534-1988 Standard Specification for Performed Flexible Elastomeric Cellular Thermal Insulation in Sheet and Tubular Form

Current Active Version: C534/C534M-2020

 

C547-1977 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Preformed Pipe Insulation

Current Active Version: C547-2019

 

C549-1973 Standard Specification for Perlite Loose Fill Insulation

C549-1981(1986)

Current Active Version: C549-2018

 

C552-1988 Standard Specification for Cellular Glass Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C552-2017e1

 

C553-1970(1977) Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket And Felt Insulation (Industrial Type)

Current Active Version: C553-2013(2019)

 

C564-1970 Standard Specification for Rubber Gaskets For Cast Iron Soil Pipe And Fittings

C564-1970(1976)

C564-1988

C564-1997

Current Active Version: C564-2020a

 

C570-1972(1989)e1 Standard Specification for Oil- and Resin-Base Caulking Compound for Building Construction

 

C578-1987a Standard Specification for Preformed, Cellular Polystyrene Thermal Insulation

C578-1992

Current Active Version: C578-2019

 

C587-1968 Standard Specifications For Gypsum Veneer Plaster

Current Active Version: C587-2004(2018)

 

C588-1980 Standard Specification for Gypsum Base For Veneer Plasters

Replaced By: C1396/C1396M

 

C591-1985 Standard Specification for Unfaced Preformed Rigid Cellular Polyurethane Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C591-2020

 

C592-1980 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Blanket Insulation and Blanket-Type Pipe Insulation )Metal-Mesh Covered) (Industrial Type)

Current Active Version: C592-2016

 

C595-1979 Standard Specification for Blended Hydraulic Cements

C595-2008

Current Active Version: C595/C595M-2020

 

C610-1985 Standard Specification for Expanded Perlite Block and Pipe Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C610-2017

 

C612-1983e1 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber Block and Board Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C612-2014(2019)

 

C618-1978 Standard Specification for Fly Ash And Raw Or Calcined Natural Pozzolan For Use As A Mineral Admixture In Portland Cement Concrete

Current Active Version: C618-2019

 

C630-1978 Standard Specification for Water-Resistant Gypsum Backing Board

Replaced By: C1396/C1396M

 

C652-1977 Standard Specification for Hollow Brick (Hollow Masonry Units Made From Clay Or Shale)

Current Active Version: C652-2019b

 

C654-1980 Standard Specification for Porous Concrete Pipe

Current Active Version: C654-2019

 

C655-1977 Standard Specification for Reinforced Concrete D-Load Culvert,,Storm Drain, And Sewer Pipe

Current Active Version: C655-2019a

 

C665-1988 Standard Specification for Mineral-Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation for Light Frame Construction and Manufactured Housing

Current Active Version: C665-2017

 

C666-1977 Standard Test Method for Resistance Of Concrete To Rapid Freezing And Thawing

Current Active Version: C666/C666M-2015

 

C669-1975(1989)e1 Standard Specification for Glazing Compounds for Back Bedding and Face Glazing of Metal Sash

 

C700-1978a(1983) Standard Specification for Vitrified Clay Pipe, Extra Strength, Standard Strength, and Perforated

Current Active Version: C700-2018

 

C720-1989(1994)e1 Specification for Spray-Applied Fibrous Thermal Insulation for Elevated Temperature (Withdrawn 1999)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

C726-1981 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber And Mineral Fiber, Rigid Cellular Polyurethane Composite Roof Insulation Board

C726-1988

Current Active Version: C726-2017

 

C728-1989a Stnadard Specification for Perlite Thermal Insulation Board

Current Active Version: C728-2017a

 

C739-1977 Standard Specification for Cellulosic Fiber (Wood-Base) Loose-Fill Thermal Insulation

C739-1988

C739-2003

Current Active Version: C739-2017

 

C754-1979 Standard Specification for Installation Of Steel Framing Members To Receive Screw-Attached Gypsum Wallboard, Backing Board, Or Water-Resistant Backing Board

Current Active Version: C754-2020

 

C755-1985(1990) Standard Practice for Selection of Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C755-2020

 

C764-1988 Standard Specification for Mineral Fiber loose-Fill Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C764-2019

 

C803-1979 Standard Test Method for Penetration Resistance Of Hardened Concrete

Current Active Version: C803/C803M-2018

 

C834-1976(1986) Standard Specification for Latex Sealing Compounds

Current Active Version: C834-2017

 

C840-1979 Standard Specification for Application And Finishing Of Gypsum Board

Current Active Version: C840-2020

 

C843-1976 Standard Specification for Application Of Gypsum Veneer Plaster

Current Active Version: C843-2017

 

C844-1979 Standard Specification for Application Of Gypsum Base To Receive Gypsum Veneer Plaster

Current Active Version: C844-2015

 

C846-1976(1982)e1 Standard Practice for Application Of Structural Insulating Board (Fiberboard) Sheathing

Current Active Version: C846-2016

 

C847-1977 Standard Specification for Metal Lath

Current Active Version: C847-2018

 

C892-1989 Standard Specification for High-Temperature Fiber Blanket Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C892-2019

 

C902-1979 Standard Specification for Pedestrian And Light Traffic Paving Brick

C902-1984

Current Active Version: C902-2015

 

C920-1987 Stnadard Specification for Elastomeric Joint Sealants

C920-2002

Current Active Version: C920-2018

 

C971-1982(1992) Standard Guide for Selection and Application of Insulation Systems for Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Duct Work

 

C976-1990(1996)e1 Standard Test Method for Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of a Calibrated Hot Box (Withdrawn 2002)

Replaced By: C1363

 

C1045-2001 Standard Practice for Calculating Thermal Transmission Properties Under Steady-State Conditions

Current Active Version: C1045-2019

 

C1114-2000 Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Thin-Heater Apparatus

Current Active Version: C1114-2006(2019)

 

C1149-2002 Standard Specification for Self-Supported Spray Applied Cellulosic Thermal Insulation

Current Active Version: C1149-2017

 

C1166-2000 Standard Test Method for Flame Propagation of Dense and Cellular Elastomeric Gaskets and Accessories

Current Active Version: C1166-2006(2016)

 

C1186-1991 Standard Specification for Flat Non-Asbestos Fiber-Cement Sheets

Current Active Version: C1186-2008(2016)

 

C1224-2003 Standard Specification for Reflective Insulation for Building Applications

Current Active Version: C1224-2015(2020)

 

C1264-2011 Standard Specification for Sampling, Inspection, Rejection, Certification, Packaging, Marking, Shipping, Handling, and Storage of Gypsum Panel Products

Current Active Version: C1264-2019

 

C1265-1994(2011) Standard Test Method for Determining the Tensile Properties of an Insulating Glass Edge Seal for Structural Glazing Applications

Current Active Version: C1265-2017

 

C1315-1995 Standard Specification for Liquid Membrane-Forming Compounds Having Special Properties for Curing and Sealing Concrete

Current Active Version: C1315-2019

 

C1363-1997 Standard Test Method for the Thermal Performance of Building Assemblies by Means of a Hot Box Apparatus

Current Active Version: C1363-2019

 

C1371-2004 Standard Test Method for Determination of Emittance of Materials Near Room Temperature Using Portable Emissometers

Current Active Version: C1371-2015

 

C1374-1997 Standard Test Method for Determination of Installed Thickness of Pneumatically Applied Loose-Fill Building Insulation

C1374-2003

Current Active Version: C1374-2018

 

C1549-2009 Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer

Current Active Version: C1549-2016

 

D5-1965 Standard Method Of Test For Penetration Of Bituminous Materials

D5-1973(1978)

Current Active Version: D5/D5M-2020

 

D36-1976 Standard Test Method for Softening Point Of Bitumen (Ring-And-Ball Apparatus)

Current Active Version: D36/D36M-2014(2020)

 

D56-1970 Standard Method Of Test For Flash Point By Tag Closed Tester

D56-1987

D56-1993

D56-2005

Current Active Version: D56-2016a

 

D86-1978 Standard Method for Distillation Of Petroleum Products

D86-1982e2

D86-1990e2

D86-1993

D86-1995

D86-1996

D86-2001

D86-2007

D86-2007a

D86-2012

Current Active Version: D86-2020a

 

D88-1956(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Saybolt Viscosity

D88-1981(1987)e1

Current Active Version: D88/D88M-2007(2019)e1

 

D92-1985 Standard Test Method for Flash and Fire Points by Cleveland Open Cup

D92-1997

Current Active Version: D92-2018

 

D93-1971 Standard Method Of Test For Flash Point By Pensky-Martens Closed Tester

D93-1980e1

D93-1985

D93-1990e1

D93-1994

D93-1997

D93-2002

D93-2007

D93-2008

D93-2013

Current Active Version: D93-2020

 

D95-2005(2010) Standard Test Method for Water in Petroleum Products and Bituminous Materials by Distillation

Current Active Version: D95-2013(2018)

 

D97-1987e1 Standard Test Method for Pour Point of Petroleum Oils

Current Active Version: D97-2017b

 

D120-1987e1 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Gloves

Current Active Version: D120-2014a

 

D127-1963(1977) Standard Test Method for Drop Melting Point Of Petroleum Wax Including Petrolatum

Current Active Version: D127-2019

 

D129-1964(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Sulfur In Petroleum Products By The Bomb Method

D129-1964(1978)

D129-1995

D129-2000

Current Active Version: D129-2018

 

D150-1987 Standard Test Methods for A-C Loss Characteristics and Permittivity (Dielectric Constant) of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials

Current Active Version: D150-2018

 

D156-1982 Standard Test Method for Saybolt Color of Petroleum Products (Saybolt Chromometer Method)

Current Active Version: D156-2015

 

D173-1997b Standard Specification for Bitumen-Saturated Cotton Fabrics Used in Roofing and Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D173/D173M-2003(2018)

 

D178-1988 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Matting

D178-1993(1998)

Current Active Version: D178-2019

 

D224-1975 Standard Specification for Smooth-Surfaced Asphalt Roll Roofing (Organic Felt)

Replaced By: D6380

 

D225-1965(1978) Standard Specification for Asphalt Shingles (Organic Felt) Surfaced With Mineral Granules

 

D227-1981 Standard Specification for Coal-Tar-Saturated Organic Felt Used In Roofing And Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D227/D227M-2003(2018)

 

D240-1976 Standard Test Method for Heat Of Combustion Of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels By Bomb Calorimeter

D240-1987(1991)e1

D240-1987e1

D240-1992(1997)e2

D240-2000

D240-2009

Current Active Version: D240-2019

 

D250-1977e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Saturated Asbestos Felt Used In Roofing And Waterproofing

 

D257-1991 Standard Test Methods for D-C Resistance or Conductance of Insulating Materials

D257-1999

Current Active Version: D257-2014

 

D270-1965(1980) Methods of Sampling Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Withdrawn 1982)

Replaced By: D4057 and D4177

 

D287-1992(2000)e1 Standard Test Method for API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Petroleum Products (Hydrometer Method)

Current Active Version: D287-2012b(2019)

 

D297-1981 Standard Methods for Rubber Products – Chemical Analysis

Current Active Version: D297-2015(2019)

 

D302-1958(1975) Standard Specification for Ethyl Acetate (85 To 88 Percent Grade)

Replaced By: D4614

 

D312-1978 Standard Specification for Asphalt Used In Roofing

Current Active Version: D312/D312M-2016a

 

D323-1958(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Vapor Pressure Of Petroleum Products (Reid Method)

D323-1982e2

D323-1990

D323-1994

Current Active Version: D323-2020

 

D362-1975 Standard Specification for Industrial Grade Toluene

D362-1984

 

D381-1980e1 Standard Test Method for Existent Gum in Fuels by Jet Evaporation

Current Active Version: D381-2019

 

D388-1977 Standard Specification for Classification Of Coals By Rank

D388-1988

D388-1990

D388-1991

D388-1991a

D388-1992

D388-1995

D388-1998

D388-1998a

D388-1999

D388-1999(2004)e1

Current Active Version: D388-2019a

 

D396-1978 Standard Specification for Fuel Oils

D396-1989

D396-1990

D396-1992

D396-1996

D396-1998

D396-2002

D396-2010

Current Active Version: D396-2020

 

D412-1968 Standard Method Of Tension Testing Of Vulcanized Rubber

D412-1998a

Current Active Version: D412-2016

 

D413-1982(1993)e1 Standard Test Methods for Rubber Property-Adhesion to Flexible Substrate

D413-1998

Current Active Version: D413-1998(2017)

 

D418-1982 Standard Methods of Testing Pile Yarn Floor Covering Construction

D418-1992

 

D439-1985a Standard Specification for Automotive Gasoline

Replaced By: D4814

 

D445-1965 Standard Method Of Test For Viscosity Of Transparent And Opaque Liquids (Kinematic And Dynamic Viscosities)

D445-1974

D445-1988

D445-1994e1

D445-2001

D445-2006

D445-2012

Current Active Version: D445-2019a

 

D449-1973e1 Standard Specification for Asphalt Used In Dampproofing And Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D449/D449M-2003(2014)e1

 

D450-1978 Standard Specification for Coal-Tar Bitumen Used In Roofing, Dampproofing, And Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D450/D450M-2007(2018)

 

D465-1982(1987)e1 Standard Test Methods for Acid Number of Rosin

Current Active Version: D465-2015(2020)

 

D471-1996 Standard Test Method for Rubber PropertyÐEffect of Liquids

D471-1998e1

Current Active Version: D471-2016a

 

D484-1971 Standard Specification for Hydrocarbon Dry Cleaning Solvents

Replaced By: D235

 

D509-1970(1987) Standard Test Methods of Sampling and Grading Rosin

Current Active Version: D509-2015

 

D511-2003 Standard Test Methods for Calcium and Magnesium In Water

Current Active Version: D511-2014

 

D512-1989(1999) Standard Test Methods for Chloride Ion In Water

Current Active Version: D512-2012

 

D516-1990(1995)e1 Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Water

D516-2002

Current Active Version: D516-2016

 

D523-1989(1999) Standard Test Method for Specular Gloss

Current Active Version: D523-2014(2018)

 

D524-1988 Standard Test Method for Ramsbottom Carbon Residue of Petroleum Products

Current Active Version: D524-2015(2019)

 

D566-1976 Standard Test Method for Dropping Point Of Lubricating Grease

D566-1976(1982)e1

Current Active Version: D566-2020

 

D570-1995 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Plastics

Current Active Version: D570-1998(2018)

 

D579-1990 Standard Specification for Greige Woven Glass Fabrics

Current Active Version: D579/D579M-2015

 

D610-1985(1989)e1 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Rusting on Painted Steel Surfaces

Current Active Version: D610-2008(2019)

 

D611-1982(1998) Standard Test Methods for Aniline Point and Mixed Aniline Point of Petroleum Products and Hydrocarbon Solvents

Current Active Version: D611-2012(2016)

 

D613-1995 Standard Test Method for Cetane Number of Diesel Fuel Oil

D613-2001

D613-2005

D613-2013

Current Active Version: D613-2018a

 

D629-1988 Standard Test Methods for Quantitative Analysis of Textiles

Current Active Version: D629-2015

 

D635-1997 Standard Test Method for Rate of Burning and/or Extent and Time of Burning of Plastics in a Horizontal Position

Current Active Version: D635-2018

 

D638-2003 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics

Current Active Version: D638-2014

 

D660-1944(1970) Standard Method Of Evaluating Degree Of Resistance To Checking Of Exterior Paints

Current Active Version: D660-1993(2019)

 

D661-1944(1975) Standard Method of Evaluating Degree Of Cracking Of Exterior Paints

Current Active Version: D661-1993(2019)

 

D665-1998e1 Standard Test Method for Rust-Preventing Characteristics of Inhibited Mineral Oil in the Presence of Water

Current Active Version: D665-2019

 

D714-1956(1981)e1 Standard Method of Evaluating Degree of Blistering of Paints

Current Active Version: D714-2002(2017)

 

D721-1968(1982) Standard Test Method for Oil Content of Petroleum Waxes

D721-1997

Current Active Version: D721-2017

 

D729-1995 Standard Specification for Vinylidene Chloride Molding Compounds (Withdrawn 2000)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D750-1968 Recommended Practice for Operating Light – And Weather-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) For Artificial Weather Testing Of Rubber Compounds

Current Active Version: D750-2012(2017)

 

D751-1995e1 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics

D751-2019

Current Active Version: D751-2019

 

D756-1978 Standard Practice for Determination Of Weight And Shape Changes Of Plastics Under Accelerated Service Conditions

 

D772-1947(1975) Standard Method of Evaluating Degree Of Flaking (Scaling) Of Exterior Paints

Current Active Version: D772-2018

 

D781-1968(1973) Method of Test for Puncture and Stiffness of Paperboard, Corrugated and Solid Fiberboard (Withdrawn 1984)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D808-1987 Standard Test Method for Chlorine in New and Used Petroleum Products (Bomb Method)

Current Active Version: D808-2016

 

D814-1995(2000) Standard Test Method for Rubber Property- Vapor Transmission of Volatile Liquids

Current Active Version: D814-1995(2020)

 

D822-1980 Standard Practice for Operating Light – and Water-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) For Testing Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

D822-1989

Current Active Version: D822/D822M-2013(2018)

 

D835-1985 Standard Specification for Refined Benzene-485

 

D836-1984 Specification for Industrial Grade Benzene (Withdrawn 1989)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D858-2002 Standard Test Methods for Manganese in Water

Current Active Version: D858-2017

 

D882-1997 Standard Test Method for Tensile Properties of Thin Plastic Sheeting

Current Active Version: D882-2018

 

D910-2007 Standard Specification for Aviation Gasolines

Current Active Version: D910-2020a

 

D923-1986 Standard Methods of Sampling Electrical Insulating Liquids

D923-1989

Current Active Version: D923-2015

 

D938-1971(1981) Standard Test Method for Congealing Point of Petroleum Waxes, Including Petrolatum

Current Active Version: D938-2012(2017)

 

D968-1981(1986)e1 Standard Test Methods for Abrasion Resistance of Organic Coatings by Falling Abrasive

Current Active Version: D968-2017

 

D971-1991 Standard Test Method for Interfacial Tension of Oil Against Water by the Ring Method

Current Active Version: D971-2020

 

D975-1978 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oils

D975-1991

D975-1993

D975-1996a

D975-1998be1

D975-2004

D975-2007

D975-2008a

D975-2011b

D975-2013a

Current Active Version: D975-2020a

 

D976-1980(1990)e1 Standard Test Methods for Calculated Cetane Index of Distillate Fuels

D976-1991(1995)e1

D976-1991(2000)e1

D976-2006(2011)

Current Active Version: D976-2006(2016)

 

D994-1971(1982)e1 Standard Specification for Performed Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete (Bituminous Type)

Current Active Version: D994/D994M-2011(2016)

 

D1003-1992 Standard Test Method for Haze and Luminous Transmittance of Transparent Plastics

Current Active Version: D1003-2013

 

D1004-1994a Standard Test Method for Initial Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Sheeting

Current Active Version: D1004-2013

 

D1037-1978 Standard Methods of Evaluating the Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials

Current Active Version: D1037-2012

 

D1048-1988ae1 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Blankets

D1048-1993

Current Active Version: D1048-2020

 

D1049-1988 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Covers

D1049-1993e1

Current Active Version: D1049-1998(2017)

 

D1050-1990(1999) Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Line Hose

Current Active Version: D1050-2005(2017)

 

D1051-1987 Standard Specification for Rubber Insulating Sleeves

Current Active Version: D1051-2019

 

D1056-1968e1 Standard Specification for Sponge and Expanded Cellular Rubber Products

Current Active Version: D1056-2014

 

D1067-1988 Standard Test Methods for Acidity or Alkalinity of Water

Current Active Version: D1067-2016

 

D1068-2003 Standard Test Methods for Iron in Water

Current Active Version: D1068-2015

 

D1072-1990(1999) Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Fuel Gases

Current Active Version: D1072-2006(2017)

 

D1078-2005 Standard Test Method for Distillation Range of Volatile Organic Liquids

Current Active Version: D1078-2011(2019)

 

D1081-1960(1968) Standard Method of Test for Evaluating Pressure Sealing Properties Of Rubber And Rubber- Like Materials

 

D1121-1967 Standard Method Of Test For Reserve Alkalinity Of Engine Antifreezes And Antirusts

Current Active Version: D1121-2011(2020)

 

D1123-1959(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Water In Concentrated Engine Antifreezes By The Iodine Reagent Method

Current Active Version: D1123-1999(2015)

 

D1126-1996 Standard Test Method for Hardness in Water

Current Active Version: D1126-2017

 

D1137-1953(1975) Method for Analysis of Natural Gases and Related Types of Gaseous Mixtures by the Mass Spectrometer (Withdrawn 1981)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D1143-1981(1987)e1 Standard Test Method for Piles Under Static Axial Compressive Load

Current Active Version: D1143/D1143M-2007(2013)e1

 

D1149-1978a Standard Test Method for Rubber Deterioration – Surface Ozone Cracking In A Chamber ( Flat Specimen)

Current Active Version: D1149-2018

 

D1153-1983 Standard Specification for Methly Isobutyl Ketone

D1153-1994(1997)

Current Active Version: D1153-2012

 

D1193-1970 Standard Specification For Reagent Water

D1193-1977(1983)e1

D1193-1977e1

D1193-1991

Current Active Version: D1193-2006(2018)

 

D1194-1972(1987)e1 Standard Test Method for Bearing Capacity of Soil for Static Load and Spread Footings

 

D1200-1970 Standard Method Of Test For Viscosity Of Paints, Varnishes, And Lacquers By Ford Viscosity Cup

Current Active Version: D1200-2010(2018)

 

D1217-1993(1998) Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Liquids by Bingham Pycnometer

Current Active Version: D1217-2020

 

D1218-1982 Standard Test Method for Refractive Index and Refractive Dispersion of Hydrocarbon Liquids

Current Active Version: D1218-2012(2016)

 

D1238-1985 Standard Test Method for Flow Rates of Thermoplastics by Extrusion Plastometer

D1238-1990b

Current Active Version: D1238-2013

 

D1240-1982 Standard Test Method for Rosin Acids in Fatty Acids

Current Active Version: D1240-2014(2018)

 

D1243-1979 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Vinyl Chloride Polymers

Current Active Version: D1243-2015

 

D1246-1995(1999) Standard Test Method for Bromide Ion in Water

Current Active Version: D1246-2016

 

D1248-1984(1989)e1 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Molding and Extrusion Materials

Current Active Version: D1248-2016

 

D1250-2007 Standard Guide for Use of the Petroleum Measurement Tables

Current Active Version: D1250-2019e1

 

D1252-1995 Standard Test Methods for Chemical Oxygen Demand (Dichromate Oxygen Demand) of Water

Current Active Version: D1252-2006(2020)

 

D1253-1986(1996) Standard Test Method for Residual Chlorine in Water

D1253-2003

Current Active Version: D1253-2014

 

D1266-1987 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (Lamp Method)

D1266-1991(1995)

D1266-1998

Current Active Version: D1266-2018

 

D1267-2002(2007) Standard Test Method for Gage Vapor Pressure of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases (LP-Gas Method)

Current Active Version: D1267-2018

 

D1293-1984(1990) Standard Test Methods for pH of Water

D1293-1999

Current Active Version: D1293-2018

 

D1298-1985(1990)e1 Standard Practice for Density, Relative Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method

D1298-1999

Current Active Version: D1298-2012b(2017)

 

D1303-1955(1979)e1 Standard Test Method for Total Chlorine In Vinyl Chloride Polymers And Copolymers

 

D1308-1979(1981)e1 Standard Test Method for Effect of Household Chemicals on Clear and Pigmented Organic Finishes

Current Active Version: D1308-2002(2013)

 

D1310-1986(1997)e1 Standard Test Method for Flash Point and Fire Point of Liquids by Tag Open-Cup Apparatus

Current Active Version: D1310-2014

 

D1319-1989 Standard Test Method for Hydrocarbon Types in Liquid Petroleum Products by Fluorescent Indicator Absorption

D1319-1995a

D1319-2002a

D1319-2003

D1319-2013

Current Active Version: D1319-2019

 

D1331-1989(1995) Standard Test Methods for Surface and Interfacial Tension of Solutions of Surface-Active Agents

Current Active Version: D1331-2014

 

D1335-1967 Standard Method Of Test For Tuft Bind Of Pile Floor Coverings

D1335-1967(1972)

Current Active Version: D1335-2017e1

 

D1353-1983e1 Standard Test Method for Nonvolatile Matter in Volatile Solvents for Use in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

D1353-1996

D1353-1996(2000)e1

Current Active Version: D1353-2013

 

D1386-1983(1993)e1 Standard Test Method for Acid Number (Empirical) of Synthetic and Natural Waxes

D1386-1998

Current Active Version: D1386-2015

 

D1387-1984 Standard Test Method for Saponification Number (Empirical) of Synthetic and Natural Waxes

D1387-1989(2002)

Current Active Version: D1387-1989(2019)

 

D1412-1993(1997) Standard Test Method for Equilibrium Moisture of Coal at 96 to 97 Percent Relative Humidity and 30ûC

Current Active Version: D1412/D1412M-2019b

 

D1415-1968 Standard Test Method for International Hardness Of Vulcanized Rubber

D1415-1988(1994)

D1415-1988(1999)

Current Active Version: D1415-2018

 

D1418-1999 Standard Practice for Rubber and Rubber Latices-Nomenclature

Current Active Version: D1418-2017

 

D1426-2003 Standard Test Methods for Ammonia Nitrogen In Water

Current Active Version: D1426-2015

 

D1434-1982(1998) Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristics of Plastic Film and Sheeting

D1434-1982(2009)e1

Current Active Version: D1434-1982(2015)e1

 

D1435-1994 Standard Practice for Outdoor Weathering of Plastics

Current Active Version: D1435-2013

 

D1440-1977(1982) Standard Test Method for Length and Length Distribution of Cotton Fibers (array Method)

Current Active Version: D1440-2007(2019)

 

D1457-1983 Standard Specification for PTFE Molding and Molding and Extrusion Materials

Replaced By: D4894,D4895

 

D1475-1960(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Density Of Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, And Related Products

D1475-1985

D1475-1998

D1475-1998(2003)

Current Active Version: D1475-2013

 

D1480-1993(1997) Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Bingham Pycnometer

Current Active Version: D1480-2015

 

D1481-1991 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density (Specific Gravity) of Viscous Materials by Lipkin Bicapillary Pycnometer

D1481-1993(1997)

Current Active Version: D1481-2017

 

D1492-1978(1984)e1 Standard Test Method for Bromine Index of Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Coulometric Titration

Current Active Version: D1492-2013

 

D1500-1982 Standard Test Method for ASTM Color of Petroleum Products (ASTM Color Scale)

Current Active Version: D1500-2012(2017)

 

D1505-1968(1979) Standard Test Method for Density Of Plastics By The Density-Gradient Technique

D1505-1985(1990)e1

Current Active Version: D1505-2018

 

D1518-1985(1998)e1 Standard Test Method for Thermal Transmittance of Textile Materials

Current Active Version: D1518-2014

 

D1525-1987 Standard Test Method for Vicat Softening Temperature of Plastics

Current Active Version: D1525-2017e1

 

D1535-1968 Standard Method Of Specifying Color By The Munsell System

D1535-1989

Current Active Version: D1535-2014(2018)

 

D1545-1976(1989)e1 Standard Test Method for Viscosity of Transparent Liquids by Bubble Time Method

Current Active Version: D1545-2013(2017)

 

D1552-1983 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products (High-Temperature Method)

D1552-1990e1

D1552-1995

D1552-2001

Current Active Version: D1552-2016e1

 

D1564-1971e1 Standard Methods of Testing Slab Flexible Urethane Foam

Replaced By: D3574

 

D1565-1976 Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials – Vinyl Chloride Polymers And Copolymers ( Open-Cell Foam)

 

D1593-1961(1969) Standard Specification For Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Plastic Sheeting

Current Active Version: D1593-2019

 

D1601-1978 Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Ethylene Polymers

Current Active Version: D1601-2018

 

D1608-1960(1967) Standard Method Of Test For Oxides Of Nitrogen In Gaseous Combustion Products (Phenol-Disulfonic Acid Procedure)

Current Active Version: D1608-2016

 

D1613-1996(1999) Standard Test Method for Acidity in Volatile Solvents and Chemical Intermediates Used in Paint, Varnish, Lacquer, and Related Products

Current Active Version: D1613-2017

 

D1621-1994 Standard Test Method for Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics

Current Active Version: D1621-2016

 

D1622-1993 Standard Test Method for Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics

Current Active Version: D1622-2020

 

D1640-1983(1989)e1 Standard Test Methods for Drying, Curing, or Film Formation of Organic Coatings at Room Temperature

Current Active Version: D1640/D1640M-2014(2018)

 

D1646-1981 Standard Test Method for Rubber – Viscosity And Vulcanization Characteristics ( Mooney Viscometer)

D1646-1992

Current Active Version: D1646-2019a

 

D1654-1992(2000) Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Painted or Coated Specimens Subjected to Corrosive Environments

Current Active Version: D1654-2008(2016)e1

 

D1655-1985a Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuels

D1655-2007

Current Active Version: D1655-2020b

 

D1667-1976(1990) Standard Specification for Flexible Cellular MaterialsÐVinyl Chloride Polymers and Copolymers (Closed-Cell Foam)

Current Active Version: D1667-2017

 

D1683/D1683M-2017(2018) Standard Test Method for Failure in Sewn Seams of Woven Fabrics

Current Active Version: D1683/D1683M-2017(2018)

 

D1687-1992 Standard Test Methods for Chromium in Water

D1687-2002

Current Active Version: D1687-2017

 

D1688-1990 Standard Test Methods for Copper in Water

D1688-1995

D1688-2002

Current Active Version: D1688-2017

 

D1691-1990 Standard Test Methods for Zinc in Water

Current Active Version: D1691-2017

 

D1692-1968 Standard Method Of Test For Flammability Of Plastic Sheeting And Cellular Plastics

 

D1693-1994 Standard Test Method for Environmental Stress-Cracking of Ethylene Plastics

D1693-2000

Current Active Version: D1693-2015e1

 

D1709-2001 Standard Test Methods for Impact Resistance of Plastic Film by the Free-Falling Dart Method

Current Active Version: D1709-2016ae1

 

D1747-1962(1978) Standard Test Method for Refractive Index Of Viscous Materials

Current Active Version: D1747-2009(2019)

 

D1751-1999 Standard Specification for Preformed Expansion Joint Filler for Concrete Paving and Structural Construction (Nonextruding and Resilient Bituminous Types)

Current Active Version: D1751-2018

 

D1752-1967 Standard Specifications For Preformed Expansion Joint Fillers For Concrete Paving And Structural Construction1 Nonextruding And Resilient Nonbituminous Types

Current Active Version: D1752-2018

 

D1776-1967e1 Standard Method Of Conditioning Textiles And Textile Products For Testing

D1776/D1776M-2020

Current Active Version: D1776/D1776M-2020

 

D1796-1983(1990)e1 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Fuel Oils by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)

Current Active Version: D1796-2011(2016)

 

D1824-1966(1972) Standard Method Of Test For Apparent Viscosity Of Plastisols And Organosols At Low Shear Rates By Brookfield Viscometer

D1824-1966(1980)e1

Current Active Version: D1824-2016

 

D1826-1977 Standard Test Method for Calorific Value Of Gases In Natural Gas Range By Continuous Recording Calorimeter

D1826-1994(1998)

Current Active Version: D1826-1994(2017)

 

D1835-1997 Standard Specification for Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

D1835-2003

Current Active Version: D1835-2020

 

D1836-1983 Standard Specification for Commercial. Hexanes

Current Active Version: D1836-2007(2013)

 

D1837-2002a(2007) Standard Test Method for Volatility of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

 

D1838-1964(1968) Standard Method Of Test For Copper Strip Corrosion By Liquefied Petroleum (Lp) Gases

D1838-2007

Current Active Version: D1838-2020

 

D1861-1977 Standard Specification for Homogeneous Bituminized Fiber Drain And Sewer Pipe

 

D1862-1977 Standard Specification for Laminated-Wall Bituminized Fiber Drain And Sewer Pipe

 

D1863-1977 Standard Specification for Mineral Aggregate Used On Built-Up Roofs

Current Active Version: D1863/D1863M-2005(2018)

 

D1886-1994(1998) Standard Test Methods for Nickel in Water

Current Active Version: D1886-2014

 

D1890-1996 Standard Test Method for Beta Particle Radioactivity of Water

Current Active Version: D1890-2015(2017)

 

D1922-2000a Standard Test Method for Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting by Pendulum Method

Current Active Version: D1922-2015(2020)

 

D1943-1996 Standard Test Method for Alpha Particle Radioactivity of Water

Current Active Version: D1943-2005(2012)

 

D1945-1991 Standard Test Method for Analysis of Natural Gas by Gas Chromatography

D1945-1996(2001)

D1945-1996e1

D1945-2003

D1945-2003(2010)

Current Active Version: D1945-2014(2019)

 

D1946-1977 Standard Method for Analysis Of Reformed Gas By Gas Chromatography

D1946-1982

D1946-1990(1994)e1

D1946-1990(2000)

D1946-1990(2006)

Current Active Version: D1946-1990(2019)

 

D1962-1985(1989)e1 Standard Test Method for Saponification Value of Drying Oils, Fatty Acids, and Polymerized Fatty Acids

D1962-1985(1995)

 

D2008-1985 Ultraviolet Absorbance and Absorptivity of Petroleum Products

D2008-1991(1996)e1

Current Active Version: D2008-2012(2018)

 

D2013-1972 Standard Method Of Preparing Coal Samples For Analysis

D2013-1986(1994)

D2013-2001

Current Active Version: D2013/D2013M-2020

 

D2015-1985 Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke by the Adiabatic Bomb Calorimeter

D2015-1996

 

D2016-1974(1983) Methods of Test for Moisture Content of Wood (Withdrawn 1987)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D2036-1991 Standard Test Methods for Cyanides in Water

D2036-1998

Current Active Version: D2036-2009(2015)

 

D2099-2000 Standard Test Method for Dynamic Water Resistance of Shoe Upper Leather by the Maeser Water Penetration Tester

Current Active Version: D2099-2014

 

D2103-1997 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Film and Sheeting

Current Active Version: D2103-2015

 

D2117-1982(1988)e1 Standard Test Method for Melting Point of Semicrystalline Polymers by the Hot Stage Microscopy Method (Withdrawn 1994)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D2133-1966(1972) Standard Specification For Acetal Resin Injection Molding And Extrusion Materials

 

D2156-1965(1970) Standard Test Method for Smoke Density In The Flue Gases From Distillate Fuels

D2156-1980(1988)e1

Current Active Version: D2156-2009(2018)

 

D2158-1989 Standard Test Method for Residues in Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases

D2158-2005

Current Active Version: D2158-2016ae1

 

D2161-1966 Standard Method Of Test For Conversion Of Kinematic Viscosity To Saybolt Universal Viscosity Or To Saybolt Furol Viscosity

D2161-1982

Current Active Version: D2161-2019

 

D2163-1991(1996) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases and Propene Concentrates by Gas Chromatography (Withdrawn 2005)

D2163-2007

Current Active Version: D2163-2014(2019)

 

D2178-1976 Standard Specification for Asphalt-Impregnated Glass Mat Used In Roofing And Waterproofing

Current Active Version: D2178/D2178M-2015a

 

D2197-1986(1991)e1 Standard Test Method for Adhesion of Organic Coatings by Scrape Adhesion

Current Active Version: D2197-2016

 

D2216-1971 Standard Method of Laboratory Determination Of Moisture Content Of Soil

D2216-1998

Current Active Version: D2216-2019

 

D2234-1976 Standard Methods for Collection Of A Gross Sample Of Coal

D2234-1989e1

D2234-1996

D2234-1997a

D2234-1998

D2234-2000

Current Active Version: D2234/D2234M-2020

 

D2235-1988 Standard Specification for Solvent Cement for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastic Pipe and Fittings

Current Active Version: D2235-2004(2016)

 

D2236-1970 Standard Method Of Test For Dynamic Mechanical Properties Of Plastics By Means Of A Torsional Pendulum

D2236-1970(1976)

Current Active Version: D4065-2012

 

D2247-1968(1973) Standard Method for Testing Coated Metal Specimens At 100% Relative Humidity

D2247-1992

Current Active Version: D2247-2015(2020)

 

D2267-1968 Standard Method Of Test For Aromatics In Light Naphthas And Aviation Gasolines By Gas Chromatography

D2267-1988

Current Active Version: -19

 

D2287-1981(1988)e1 Standard Specification for Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer and Copolymer Molding and Extrusion Compounds

Current Active Version: D2287-2019

 

D2311-1977(1981) Standard Specification for Perforated, Homogeneous Bituminized Fiber Pipe for General Drainage

 

D2316-1975 Standard Recommended Practice for Installing Bituminized Fiber Drain And Sewer Pipe

 

D2321-1974 Recommended Practice for Underground Installation Of Flexible Thermoplastic Sewer Pipe

Current Active Version: D2321-2020

 

D2359-1985a Standard Specification for Refined Benzene-535

D2359-1993

Current Active Version: D2359-2019

 

D2369-1981e1 Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Coatings

D2369-1987

D2369-1990

D2369-1992

D2369-1993

D2369-1995

Current Active Version: D2369-2020

 

D2372-1985(1999) Standard Practice for Separation of Vehicle From Solvent-Reducible Paints

Current Active Version: D2372-1985(2015)

 

D2382-1976 Standard Test Method for Heat Of Combustion Of Hydrocarbon Fuels By Bomb Calorimeter (High-Precision Method)

D2382-1983

D2382-1988

Current Active Version: D4809-2018

 

D2417-1977(1981) Standard Specification for Perforated, Laminated-Wall Bituminized Fiber Pipe for General Drainage

 

D2459-1972(1981)e1 Standard Test Method for Gamma Spectrometry of Water

D2459-1972(1991)e1

 

D2460-1997 Standard Test Method for Alpha-Particle-Emitting Isotopes of Radium in Water

Current Active Version: D2460-2007(2013)

 

D2487-1969(1975) Standard Test Method for Classification Of Soils For Engineering Purposes

Current Active Version: D2487-2017e1

 

D2488-1969(1975) Recommended Practice for Description Of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)

Current Active Version: D2488-2017e1

 

D2502-1992(1996) Standard Test Method for Estimation of Molecular Weight (Relative Molecular Mass) of Petroleum Oils From Viscosity Measurements

Current Active Version: D2502-2014(2019)e1

 

D2503-1982(1987)e1 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight (Relative Molecular Mass) of Hydrocarbons by Thermoelectric Measurement of Vapor Pressure

D2503-1992(1997)

Current Active Version: D2503-1992(2016)

 

D2504-1967 Standard Method Of Test For Noncondensable Gases In C3 And Lighter Hydro-Carbon Products By Gas Chromatography

D2504-1967(1977)

D2504-1988(1998)

Current Active Version: D2504-1988(2015)

 

D2513-1987 Standard Specification for Thermoplastic Gas Pressure Piping Systems

D2513-1999

D2513-2009a

D2513-2012ae1

Current Active Version: D2513-2019

 

D2515-1966 Standard Specification For Kinematic Glass Viscometers

 

D2517-2000 Standard Specification for Reinforced Epoxy Resin Gas Pressure Pipe and Fittings

Current Active Version: D2517-2018

 

D2564-1991 Standard Specification for Solvent Cements for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Piping Systems

D2564-1991a

D2564-2012

Current Active Version: D2564-2020

 

D2565-1970 Standard Recommended Practice For Operating Xenon Arc-Type (Water-Cooled) Light – And Water-Exposure Apparatus For Exposure Of Plastics

D2565-1992

Current Active Version: D2565-2016

 

D2570-1991 Standard Test Method for Simulated Service Corrosion Testing of Engine Coolants

Current Active Version: D2570-2016

 

D2584-1968 Standard Method Of Test For Ignition Loss Of Cured Reinforced Resins

D2584-1968(1979)e1

D2584-1968(1985)

D2584-1994

Current Active Version: D2584-2018

 

D2597-1994(1999) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Demethanized Hydrocarbon Liquid Mixtures Containing Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide by Gas Chromatography

 

D2598-2002(2007) Standard Practice for Calculation of Certain Physical Properties of Liquefied Petroleum (LP) Gases from Compositional Analysis

Current Active Version: D2598-2016

 

D2622-1987e1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by X-Ray Spectrometry

D2622-1992e1

D2622-1994

D2622-1998

D2622-2003

D2622-2007

D2622-2010

Current Active Version: D2622-2016

 

D2633-1982(1989) Standard Methods of Testing Thermoplastic Insulations and Jackets for Wire and Cable

Current Active Version: D2633-2013a

 

D2646-1979 Standard Methods of Testing Backing Fabrics

D2646-1987

Current Active Version: D2646-2018

 

D2654-1967 Tentative Methods of Test for Amount Of Moisture In Textile Materials

 

D2661-1978 Standard Specification for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastic Drain, Waste, And Vent Pipe And Fittings

D2661-1991

Current Active Version: D2661-2014e1

 

D2665-1978 Standard Specification for Poly(inyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Drain, Waste, And Vent Pipe And Fittings

D2665-1991

D2665-1991a

D2665-1991b

Current Active Version: D2665-2020

 

D2697-1986(1998) Standard Test Method for Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings

Current Active Version: D2697-2003(2014)

 

D2699-1992 Standard Test Method for Knock Characteristics of Motor Fuels by the Research Method

D2699-2013b

Current Active Version: D2699-2019

 

D2700-1992 Standard Test Method for Knock Characteristics of Motor and Aviation Fuels by the Motor Method

D2700-2013b

Current Active Version: D2700-2019

 

D2709-1988 Standard Test Method for Water and Sediment in Distillate Fuels by Centrifuge

Current Active Version: D2709-2016

 

D2713-1991(2001) Standard Test Method for Dryness of Propane (Valve Freeze Method)

Current Active Version: D2713-2020

 

D2724-1987(1995) Standard Test Methods for Bonded, Fused, and Laminated Apparel Fabrics

Current Active Version: D2724-2019

 

D2729-1978e1 Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Sewer Pipe And Fittings

Current Active Version: D2729-2017

 

D2751-1977ae1 Standard Specification for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Sewer Pipe And Fittings

 

D2776-1979e1 Standard Test Methods for Corrosivity of Water in the Absence of Heat Transfer (Electrical Methods)

Replaced By: G96

 

D2777-1998 Standard Practice for Determination of Precision and Bias of Applicable Methods of Committee D-19 on Water

Current Active Version: D2777-2013

 

D2784-1989 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Liquefied Petroleum Gases (Oxy-Hydrogen Burner or Lamp)

D2784-2006

 

D2794-1992 Standard Test Method for Resistence of Organic Coatings to the Effects of Rapid Deformation (Impact)

Current Active Version: D2794-1993(2019)

 

D2842-1997 Standard Test Method for Water Absorption of Rigid Cellular Plastics

Current Active Version: D2842-2019

 

D2846-1992 Standard Specification for Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Hot- and Cold-Water Distribution Systems

D2846-1992a

Current Active Version: D2846/D2846M-2019a

 

D2857-1970(1977) Standard Test Method for Dilute Solution Viscosity Of Polymers

Current Active Version: D2857-2016

 

D2863-1995 Standard Test Method for Measuring the Minimum Oxygen Concentration to Support Candle-like Combustion of Plastics (Oxygen Index)

Current Active Version: D2863-2019

 

D2879-1983 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure-Temperature Relationship and Initial Decomposition Temperature of Liquids by Isoteniscope

D2879-1986

D2879-1992e1

D2879-1996

D2879-1997

D2879-1997(2002)e1

Current Active Version: D2879-2018

 

D2880-1978 Standard Specification for Gas Turbine Fuel Oils

D2880-1990

D2880-1990a

D2880-1996

D2880-1996a

D2880-2003

Current Active Version: D2880-2020

 

D2898-1977 Standard Methods for Accelerated Weathering Of Fire-Retardant-Treated Wood For Fire Testing

Current Active Version: D2898-2010(2017)

 

D2908-1974(1980)e1 Standard Practice for Measuring Volatile Organic Matter in Water by Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatography

D2908-1991(2001)

D2908-1991(2005)

D2908-1991(2011)

Current Active Version: D2908-1991(2017)

 

D2949-1978 Standard Specification for 3.25- In. Outside Diameter Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Plastic Drain, Waste, And Vent Pipe And Fittings

Current Active Version: D2949-2018

 

D2972-1993 Standard Test Methods for Arsenic in Water

D2972-2003

D2972-2015

Current Active Version: D2972-2015

 

D2986-1971 Standard Method For Evaluation Of Air Assay Media By The Monodisperse Dop (Dioctyl Phthalate) Smoke Test

D2986-1971(1978)e1

D2986-1995

D2986-1995a

D2986-1995a(1999)

 

D3043-1987(1993)e1 Standard Methods of Testing Structural Panels in Flexure

Current Active Version: D3043-2017

 

D3086-1985(1990) Standard Test Method for Organchlorine Pesticides in Water

Replaced By: D5812

 

D3120-1996 Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Sulfur in Light Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Microcoulometry

Current Active Version: D3120-2008(2019)

 

D3172-1989(2002) Standard Practice for Proximate Analysis of Coal and Coke

Current Active Version: D3172-2013

 

D3173-1973 Standard Test Method for Moisture In The Analysis Sample Of Coal And Coke

D3173-1987(1996)

D3173-2003

D3173-2003(2008)

Current Active Version: D3173/D3173M-2017a

 

D3174-2000 Standard Test Method for Ash in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke from Coal

Current Active Version: D3174-2012(2018)

 

D3176-1974 Standard Method for Ultimate Analysis Of Coal And Coke

D3176-1989(2002)

Current Active Version: D3176-2015

 

D3177-1975 Standard Test Methods for Total Sulfur In The Analysis Sample Of Coal And Coke

D3177-1989(1997)

D3177-1989(2002)

D3177-2002(2007)

Current Active Version: D4239-2018e1

 

D3178-1984 Standard Test Methods for Carbon and Hydrogen in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke

D3178-1989(1997)

D3178-1989(2002)

Current Active Version: D5373-2016

 

D3223-1991 Standard Test Method for Total Mercury in Water

D3223-2002

Current Active Version: D3223-2017

 

D3231-1989 Standard Test Method for Phosphorus in Gasoline

D3231-2007

D3231-2013

Current Active Version: D3231-2018

 

D3236-1988(1999) Standard Test Method for Apparent Viscosity of Hot Melt Adhesives and Coating Materials

Current Active Version: D3236-2015

 

D3237-2006 Standard Test Method for Lead in Gasoline by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy

D3237-2012

Current Active Version: D3237-2017

 

D3238-1995(2000)e1 Standard Test Method for Calculation of Carbon Distribution and Structural Group Analysis of Petroleum Oils by the n-d-M Method

Current Active Version: D3238-2017a

 

D3246-1981(1987)e1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Gas by Oxidative Microcoulometry

D3246-1992

D3246-1996

Current Active Version: D3246-2015

 

D3257-1993e1 Standard Test Methods for Aromatics in Mineral Spirits by Gas Chromatography

Current Active Version: D3257-2006(2012)

 

D3270-1980 Standard Method for Analysis for Fluoride Content of the Atmosphere and Plant Tissues (Semiautomated Method)

D3270-1991(1995)e1

D3270-1991e1

Current Active Version: D3270-2013

 

D3273-1986(1991)e1 Standard Test Method for Resistance to Growth of Moid on the Surface of Interior Coatings in an Enviormental Chamber

Current Active Version: D3273-2016

 

D3278-1982e1 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point of Liquids by Setaflash Closed-Cup Apparatus

D3278-1996(2004)e1

D3278-1996e1

Current Active Version: D3278-2020

 

D3286-1985e1 Standard Test Method for Gross Caloric Value of Coal and Coke by the Isoperibol Bomb Calorimeter

D3286-1996

Current Active Version: D5865/D5865M-2019

 

D3302-1991 Standard Test Method for Total Moisture in Coal

Current Active Version: D3302/D3302M-2019

 

D3309-1992 Standard Specification for Polybutylene (PB) Plastic Hot-and Cold-Water Distribution Systems

D3309-1992a

 

D3311-1992 Standard Specification for Drain, Waste, and Vent (DWV) Plastic Fittings Patterns

Current Active Version: D3311-2017

 

D3338-1992 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Net Heat of Combustion of Aviation Fuels

Current Active Version: D3338/D3338M-2020

 

D3343-1990 Standard Test Method for Estimation of Hydrogen Content of Aviation Fuels

Current Active Version: D3343-2016

 

D3349-1986 Standard Test Method for Absorption Coefficient of Carbon Black Pigmented Ethylene Plastic

Current Active Version: D3349-2017

 

D3370-1976 Standard Practices for Sampling Water

D3370-1995a(1999)e1

D3370-2007

D3370-2008

D3370-2010

Current Active Version: D3370-2018

 

D3371-1995 Standard Test Method for Nitriles in Aqueous Solution by Gas-Liquid Chromatography (Withdrawn 2002)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D3418-1982(1988)e1 Standard Test Method for Transition Temperatures of Polymers By Thermal Analysis

Current Active Version: D3418-2015

 

D3454-1997 Standard Test Method for Radium-226 in Water

Current Active Version: D3454-2018

 

D3462-1976 Standard Specification for Asphalt Shingles Made From Glass Mat And Surfaced With Mineral Granules

Current Active Version: D3462/D3462M-2019

 

D3492-1997 Standard Specification for Rubber Contraceptives (Male Condoms)

Current Active Version: D3492-2016

 

D3498-1993 Standard Specification for Adhesives for Field-Gluing Plywood to Lumber Framing for Floor Systems

Current Active Version: D3498-2019a

 

D3536-1976e1 Standard Test Method for Molecular Weight Averages And Molecular Weight Distribution Of Polystyrene By Liquid Exclusion Chromatography (Gel Permeation Chromatography – Gpc)

Replaced By: D5296

 

D3557-1990 Standard Test Methods for Cadmium in Water

D3557-2002

D3557-2002(2007)e1

Current Active Version: D3557-2017

 

D3558-1994(1998) Standard Test Methods for Cobalt in Water

D3558-2003

Current Active Version: D3558-2015

 

D3559-2003 Standard Test Methods for Lead in Water

D3559-2008

D3559-2015

Current Active Version: D3559-2015

 

D3574-1977e2 Standard Methods of Testing Flexible Cellular Materials-Slab, Bonded, And Molded Urethane Foams

D3574-1995

Current Active Version: D3574-2017

 

D3578-2019 Standard Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves

Current Active Version: D3578-2019

 

D3588-1998 Standard Practice for Calculating Heat Value, Compressibility Factor, and Relative Density of Gaseous Fuels

Current Active Version: D3588-1998(2017)e1

 

D3590-2002 Standard Test Methods for Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen in Water

D3590-2002(2006)

Current Active Version: D3590-2017

 

D3606-1992 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene and Toluene in Finished Motor and Aviation Gasoline by Gas Chromatography

D3606-2007

Current Active Version: D3606-2020e1

 

D3645-2003 Standard Test Methods for Beryllium in Water

Current Active Version: D3645-2015

 

D3649-1991 Standard Test Method for High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Spectrometry of Water

D3649-1998a

Current Active Version: D3649-2006(2014)

 

D3656-1978 Standard Specification for Insect Screening And Louver Cloth Woven From Vinyl-Coated-Glass Fiber Yarn

Current Active Version: D3656/D3656M-2013

 

D3675-1998 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Flexible Cellular Materials Using A Radiant Heat Energy Source

Current Active Version: D3675-2019

 

D3676-1978(1989)e1 Standard Specification for Rubber Cellular Cushion Used for Carpet or Rug Underlay

D3676-1978e1

Current Active Version: D3676-2018

 

D3678-1988 Standard Specification for Rigid Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Interior-Profile Extrusions

Current Active Version: D3678-2019

 

D3695-1988 Standard Test Method for volatile Alcohols in Water by Direct Aqueous-Injection Gas Chromatogrpahy

D3695-1995

Current Active Version: D3695-1995(2013)

 

D3697-1992(1996) Standard Test Method for Antimony in Water

Current Active Version: D3697-2017

 

D3699-1978 Standard Specification for Kerosine

D3699-2008

Current Active Version: D3699-2019

 

D3792-1979e2 Standard Test Method for Water Content of Water-Reducible Paints by Direct Injection into a Gas Chromatography

D3792-1991e1

Current Active Version: D3792-2016

 

D3826-1991e1 Standard Practice for Determining Degradation End Point in Degradable Polyethylene and Polypropylene Using a Tensile Test

Current Active Version: D3826-2018

 

D3828-1997 Standard Test Methods for Flash Point by Small Scale Closed Tester

Current Active Version: D3828-2016a

 

D3835-1979(1983) Standard Test Method for Rheological Properties of Thermoplastics with a Capillary Rheometer

Current Active Version: D3835-2016

 

D3859-2015 Standard Test Methods for Selenium in Water

Current Active Version: D3859-2015

 

D3912-1980(1989) Standard Test Method for Chemical Resistance of Coatings Used in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants

Current Active Version: D3912-2010(2017)

 

D3925-1981(1985) Standard Practice for Sampling Liquid and Related Pigmented Coatings

Current Active Version: D3925-2002(2015)

 

D3928-1989 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Gloss or Sheen Uniformity

Current Active Version: D3928-2000a(2018)

 

D3936-1980 Standard Test Method for Delamination Strength of Secondary Backing of Pile Floor coverings

Current Active Version: D3936-2017

 

D3953-1991 Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals

D3953-1997

Current Active Version: D3953-2015

 

D3972-2002 Standard Test Method for Isotopic Uranium in Water by Radiochemistry

Current Active Version: D3972-2009(2015)

 

D3980-1987 Standard Practice for Interlaboratory Testing of Paint and Related Materials

 

D4006-2011 Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oil by Distillation

Current Active Version: D4006-2016e1

 

D4017-1981(1987)e1 Standard Test Method for Water in Paints and Paint Materials by Karl Fischer Method

D4017-1990

D4017-1996a

Current Active Version: D4017-2002(2015)

 

D4052-1996(2002)e1 Standard Test Method for Density and Relative Density of Liquids by Digital Density Meter

D4052-2011

Current Active Version: D4052-2018a

 

D4057-1981e2 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

D4057-1995(2000)

D4057-2006(2011)

Current Active Version: D4057-2019

 

D4066-1996 Standard Classification System for Nylon Injection and Extrusion Materials (PA)

D4066-1996ae1

Current Active Version: D4066-2013(2019)

 

D4082-1989 Standard Test Method for Effects of Gamma Radiation on Coatings for Use in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants

Current Active Version: D4082-2010(2017)

 

D4084-1982(1988) Standard Test Method for Analysis of Hydrogen Sulfide in Gaseous Fuels (Lead Acetate Reaction Rate Method)

D4084-1994(1999)

Current Active Version: D4084-2007(2017)

 

D4099-1989e1 Standard Specification for Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Prime Windows/Sliding Glass Doors

D4099-1995

 

D4101-1982(1988)e1 Standard Specification for Propylene Plastic Injection and Extrusion Materials

Current Active Version: D4101-2017e1

 

D4107-1998(2002)e1 Standard Test Method for Tritium in Drinking Water

Current Active Version: D4107-2020

 

D4130-1982(1998) Standard Test Method for Sulfate Ion in Brackish Water, Seawater, and Brines

Current Active Version: D4130-2015

 

D4177-1995 Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

D4177-1995(2000)

D4177-1995(2010)

Current Active Version: D4177-2016e1

 

D4190-1982(1988)e1 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Direct-Current Argon Plasma atomic Emission Spectroscopy

D4190-1999

Current Active Version: D4190-2015

 

D4206-1996 Standard Test Method for Sustained Burning of Liquid Mixtures Using the Small Scale Open-Cup Apparatus

Current Active Version: D4206-1996(2018)

 

D4208-2002(2007) Standard Test Method for Total Chlorine in Coal by the Oxygen Bomb Combustion/Ion Selective Electrode Method

Current Active Version: D4208-2019

 

D4236-1994(2011) Standard Practice for Labeling Art Materials for Chronic Health Hazards

Current Active Version: D4236-1994(2016)e1

 

D4239-1994 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Coal and Coke Using High Temperature Tube Furnace Combustion Methods

D4239-1997e1

D4239-2002

Current Active Version: D4239-2018e1

 

D4256-1989(1994)e1 Test Method for Determination of the Decontaminability of Coatins Used in Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants (Withdrawn 1995)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D4268-1993 Standard Test Methods for Testing Fiber Ropes (Withdrawn 2002)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D4294-1990(1998)e1 Standard Test Method for Sulfur in Petroleum Products by Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy

D4294-1998

D4294-2002

D4294-2003

Current Active Version: D4294-2016e1

 

D4327-2003 Standard Test Method for Anions in Water by Chemically Suppressed Ion Chromatography

Current Active Version: D4327-2017

 

D4329-1999 Standard Practice for Fluorescent UV Exposure of Plastics

Current Active Version: D4329-2013

 

D4359-1990(2000)e1 Standard Test Method for Determining Whether a Material Is a Liquid or a Solid

D4359-1990(2006)

Current Active Version: D4359-1990(2019)

 

D4382-2002 Standard Test Method for Barium in Water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, Graphite Furnace

Current Active Version: D4382-2018

 

D4420-1994 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatics in Finished Gasoline by Gas Chromatography)

D4420-1994(1999)e1

Current Active Version: D5580-2015(2020)

 

D4442-1984 Standard Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials

D4442-1992(1997)e1

Current Active Version: D4442-2020

 

D4444-1992(1998)e1 Standard Test Methods for Use and Calibration of Hand-Held Moisture Meters

Current Active Version: D4444-2013(2018)

 

D4457-1985(1996)e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dichloromethane and 1,1,1-Trichloroethane in Paints and Coatings by Direct Injection into a Gas Chromatograph

 

D4468-1985(2000) Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Gaseous Fuels by Hydrogenolysis and Rateometric Colorimetry

Current Active Version: D4468-1985(2015)

 

D4565-1990 Standard Test Methods for Physical and Enviormental Performance Properties of Insulations and Jackets for Telecommunications Wire and Cable

D4565-1990a

Current Active Version: D4565-2015

 

D4566-1990 Standard Test Method for Electrical Performance Properties of Insulations and Jackets for Telecommunications Wire and Cable

Current Active Version: D4566-2014

 

D4568-1986 Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Compatibility Between Cable Filling and Flooding Compounds and Polyolefin Cable Materials

Current Active Version: D4568-2013

 

D4596-1993 Standard Practice for Collection of Channel Samples of Coal in a Mine

Current Active Version: D4596-2009(2015)

 

D4606-2003 Standard Test Method for Determination of Arsenic and Selenium in Coal by the Hydride Generation/Atomic Absorption Method

D4606-2003(2007)

Current Active Version: D4606-2015

 

D4629-2002 Standard Test Method for Trace Nitrogen in Liquid Petroleum Hydrocarbons by Syringe/Inlet Oxidative Combustion and Chemiluminescence Detection

Current Active Version: D4629-2017

 

D4635-2001 Standard Specification for Polyethylene Films Made from Low-Density Polyethylene for General Use and Packaging Applications

Current Active Version: D4635-2016

 

D4657-1992(1998) Standard Test Method for Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Water (Withdrawn 2005)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D4734-1987 Standard Specification for Refined Benzene-545

D4734-1996

D4734-1996a

D4734-1996b

Current Active Version: D4734-2020

 

D4763-1988(2001) Standard Practice for Identification of Chemicals in Water by Fluorescence Spectroscopy

Current Active Version: D4763-2006(2012)

 

D4785-1993 Standard Test Method for Low-Level Iodine-131 in Water

D4785-2000a

Current Active Version: D4785-2020

 

D4809-1995 Standard Test Method for Heat of Combustion of Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels by Bomb Calorimeter (Precision Method)

D4809-2000

Current Active Version: D4809-2018

 

D4814-1992a Standard Specification for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel

D4814-1993a

D4814-1995a

D4814-2007

Current Active Version: D4814-2020a

 

D4872-1988 Standard Test Method for Dielectric Testing of Wire and Cable filling Compounds

Current Active Version: D4872-2014

 

D4891-1989(1994)e1 Standard Test Method for Heating Value of Gases in Natural Gas Range by Stoichiometric Combustion

D4891-1989(2006)

Current Active Version: D4891-2013(2018)

 

D4956-1990e1 Standard Specification for Retroreflective Sheeting for Traffic Contol

Current Active Version: D4956-2019

 

D4965-1996(2002) Standard Terminology of Seams and Seam Finishes in Home Sewing

D4965-1996(2008)

Current Active Version: D5646-2013(2018)

 

D4986-1998 Standard Test Method for Horizontal Burning Characteristics of Cellular Polymeric Materials

Current Active Version: D4986-2020

 

D5034-2009(2017) Standard Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)

Current Active Version: D5034-2009(2017)

 

D5066-1991(2001) Standard Test Method for Determination of the Transfer Efficiency Under Production Conditions for Spray Application of Automotive Paints-Weight Basis

Current Active Version: D5066-1991(2017)

 

D5087-2002 Standard Test Method for Determining Amount of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Released from Solventborne Automotive Coatings and Available for Removal in a VOC Control Device (Abatement)

Current Active Version: D5087-2002(2014)

 

D5174-1997 Standard Test Method for Trace Uranium in Water by Pulsed-Laser Phosphorimetry

D5174-2002

Current Active Version: D5174-2007(2013)

 

D5186-1991 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aromatic Content of Diesel Fuels by Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

D5186-1999

D5186-2003

D5186-2003(2009)

Current Active Version: D5186-2020

 

D5191-2007 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Petroleum Products (Mini Method)

D5191-2013

Current Active Version: D5191-2020

 

D5192-1991 Standard Practice for Collection of Coal Samples from Core

D5192-2009

Current Active Version: D5192-2009(2015)

 

D5198-1992(2003) Standard Practice for Nitric Acid Digestion of Solid Waste

Current Active Version: D5198-2017

 

D5208-1991 Standard Practice for Fluorescent Ultraviolet (UV) Exposure of Photodegradable Plastics (Withdrawn 2000)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D5250-2019 Standard Specification for Poly(vinyl chloride) Gloves for Medical Application

Current Active Version: D5250-2019

 

D5257-1997 Standard Test Method for Dissolved Hexavalent Chromium in Water by Ion Chromatography

Current Active Version: D5257-2017

 

D5259-1992(2000) Standard Test Method for Isolation and Enumeration of Enterococci from Water by the Membrane Filter Procedure

Current Active Version: D5259-2019

 

D5261-1992(1996) Standard Test Method for Measuring Mass per Unit Area of Geotextiles

Current Active Version: D5261-2010(2018)

 

D5291-1992 Standard Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Petroleum Products and Lubricants

D5291-2002

Current Active Version: D5291-2016

 

D5373-1993(1997) Standard Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Laboratory Samples of Coal and Coke

D5373-1993(2002)

D5373-2002(2007)

Current Active Version: D5373-2016

 

D5392-1993(2000) Standard Test Method for Isolation and Enumeration of Escherichia Coli in Water by the Two-Step Membrane Filter Procedure

Current Active Version: D5392-2019

 

D5403-1993(2002) Standard Test Methods for Volatile Content of Radiation Curable Materials

Current Active Version: D5403-1993(2013)

 

D5453-2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Sulfur in Light Hydrocarbons, Motor Fuels and Oils by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

D5453-2003

D5453-2006

Current Active Version: D5453-2019a

 

D5489-1996c Standard Guide for Care Symbols for Care Instructions on Textile Products

Current Active Version: D5489-2018

 

D5500-1994 Standard Test Method for Vehicle Evaluation of Unleaded Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Intake Valve Deposit Formation

Current Active Version: D5500-2020a

 

D5504-2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Sulfur Compounds in Natural Gas and Gaseous Fuels by Gas Chromatography and Chemiluminescence

Current Active Version: D5504-2012

 

D5587-2015(2019) Standard Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure

Current Active Version: D5587-2015(2019)

 

D5598-1994 Standard Test Method for Evaluating Unleaded Automotive Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel for Electronic Port Fuel Injector Fouling

Current Active Version: D5598-2020

 

D5599-2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Oxygenates in Gasoline by Gas Chromatography and Oxygen Selective Flame Ionization Detection

Current Active Version: D5599-2018

 

D5673-1996 Standard Test Method for Elements in Water by Inductively Coupled Plasma—Mass Spectrometry

D5673-2003

Current Active Version: D5673-2016

 

D5762-2002 Standard Test Method for Nitrogen in Petroleum and Petroleum Products by Boat-Inlet Chemiluminescence

Current Active Version: D5762-2018a

 

D5769-1998 Standard Test Method for Determination of Benzene, Toluene, and Total Aromatics in Finished Gasolines by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry

Current Active Version: D5769-2020

 

D5797-2007 Standard Specification for Fuel Methanol (M70-M85) for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines

Current Active Version: D5797-2018

 

D5798-2007 Standard Specification for Fuel Ethanol (Ed75-Ed85) for Automotive Spark-Ignition Engines

Current Active Version: D5798-2020

 

D5812-1996(2002)e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Organochlorine Pesticides in Water by Capillary Column Gas Chromatography (Withdrawn 2011)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D5842-1995(2000) Standard Practice for Sampling and Handling of Fuels for Volatility Measurement

Current Active Version: D5842-2019

 

D5854-1996(2000) Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

Current Active Version: D5854-2019a

 

D5864-2011 Standard Test Method for Determining Aerobic Aquatic Biodegradation of Lubricants or Their Components

Current Active Version: D5864-2018

 

D5865-1998a Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Coal and Coke

D5865-2001

D5865-2004

Current Active Version: D5865/D5865M-2019

 

D5965-2002 Standard Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Coating Powders

Current Active Version: D5965-2019

 

D6007-2014 Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentrations in Air from Wood Products Using a Small-Scale Chamber

Current Active Version: D6007-2014

 

D6053-2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Content of Electrical Insulating Varnishes

Current Active Version: D6053-2014(2018)

 

D6093-1997 Standard Test Method for Percent Volume Nonvolatile Matter in Clear or Pigmented Coatings Using a Helium Gas Pycnometer

D6093-1997(2003)

Current Active Version: D6093-1997(2016)

 

D6216-1998 Standard Practice for Opacity Monitor Manufacturers to Certify Conformance with Design and Performance Specifications

Current Active Version: D6216-2012

 

D6228-1998 Standard Test Method for Determination of Sulfur Compounds in Natural Gas and Gaseous Fuels by Gas Chromatography and Flame Photometric Detection

Current Active Version: D6228-2019

 

D6266-2000a Test Method for Determining the Amount of Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Released From Waterborne Automotive Coatings and Available for Removal in a VOC Control Device (Abatement)

Current Active Version: D6266-2000a(2017)

 

D6299-2002 Standard Practice for Applying Statistical Quality Assurance Techniques to Evaluate Analytical Measurement System Performance

Current Active Version: D6299-2020

 

D6319-2019 Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination Gloves for Medical Application

Current Active Version: D6319-2019

 

D6323-1998 Standard Guide for Laboratory Subsampling of Media Related to Waste Management Activities

Current Active Version: D6323-2019

 

D6348-2003 Standard Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Compounds by Extractive Direct Interface Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy

Current Active Version: D6348-2012e1

 

D6357-2004 Test Methods for Determination of Trace Elements in Coal, Coke, & Combustion Residues from Coal Utilization Processes by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission, Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass, & Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry

D6357-2011

Current Active Version: D6357-2019

 

D6366-1999 Standard Test Method for Total Trace Nitrogen and Its Derivatives in Liquid Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Oxidative Combustion and Electrochemical Detection (Withdrawn 2006)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D6419-2000 Standard Test Method for Volatile Content of Sheet-Fed and Coldset Web Offset Printing Inks

Current Active Version: D6419-2000(2017)

 

D6420-1999 Standard Test Method for Determination of Gaseous Organic Compounds by Direct Interface Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

D6420-1999(2004)

Current Active Version: D6420-2018

 

D6428-1999 Test Method for Total Sulfur in Liquid Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives by Oxidative Combustion and Electrochemical Detection (Withdrawn 2006)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

D6503-1999 Standard Test Method for Enterococci in Water Using EnterolertTM

Current Active Version: D6503-2019

 

D6508-2015 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dissolved Inorganic Anions in Aqueous Matrices Using Capillary Ion Electrophoresis and Chromate Electrolyte

Current Active Version: D6508-2015

 

D6522-2000 Standard Test Method for Determination of Nitrogen Oxides, Carbon Monoxide, and Oxygen Concentrations in Emissions from Natural Gas-Fired Reciprocating Engines, Combustion Turbines, Boilers, and Process Heaters Using Portable Analyzers

D6522-2000(2005)

Current Active Version: D6522-2020

 

D6615-2006 Standard Specification for Jet B Wide-Cut Aviation Turbine Fuel

Current Active Version: D6615-2015a(2019)

 

D6667-2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Total Volatile Sulfur in Gaseous Hydrocarbons and Liquefied Petroleum Gases by Ultraviolet Fluorescence

D6667-2004

Current Active Version: D6667-2014(2019)

 

D6701-2016 Standard Test Method for Determining Water Vapor Transmission Rates Through Nonwoven and Plastic Barriers

Current Active Version: D6701-2016

 

D6721-2001 Standard Test Method for Determination of Chlorine in Coal by Oxidative Hydrolysis Microcoulometry

Current Active Version: D6721-2001(2015)

 

D6735-2001 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Gaseous Chlorides and Fluorides from Mineral Calcining Exhaust Sources—Impinger Method

 

D6751-2007 Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel Blend Stock (B100) for Middle Distillate Fuels

D6751-2009

D6751-2011b

Current Active Version: D6751-2020

 

D6784-2002 Standard Test Method for Elemental, Oxidized, Particle-Bound and Total Mercury in Flue Gas Generated from Coal-Fired Stationary Sources (Ontario Hydro Method)

D6784-2002(2008)

Current Active Version: D6784-2016

 

D6866-2012 Standard Test Methods for Determining the Biobased Content of Solid, Liquid, and Gaseous Samples Using Radiocarbon Analysis

Current Active Version: D6866-2020

 

D6883-2004 Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Stationary Coal from Railroad Cars, Barges, Trucks, or Stockpiles

Current Active Version: D6883-2017

 

D6888-2004 Standard Test Method for Available Cyanide with Ligand Displacement and Flow Injection Analysis (FIA) Utilizing Gas Diffusion Separation and Amperometric Detection

Current Active Version: D6888-2016

 

D6919-2003 Standard Test Method for Determination of Dissolved Alkali and Alkaline Earth Cations and Ammonium in Water and Wastewater by Ion Chromatography

Current Active Version: D6919-2017

 

D6920-2007 Standard Test Method for Total Sulfur in Naphthas, Distillates, Reformulated Gasolines, Diesels, Biodiesels, and Motor Fuels by Oxidative Combustion and Electrochemical Detection

 

D6977-2019 Standard Specification for Polychloroprene Examination Gloves for Medical Application

Current Active Version: D6977-2019

 

D6985-2004 Standard Specification for Middle Distillate Fuel Oil-Military Marine Applications

 

D7036-2004 Standard Practice for Competence of Air Emission Testing Bodies

Current Active Version: D7036-2016

 

D7283-2017 Standard Test Method for Alpha and Beta Activity in Water By Liquid Scintillation Counting

Current Active Version: D7283-2017

 

D7309-2007 Standard Test Method for Determining Flammability Characteristics of Plastics and Other Solid Materials Using Microscale Combustion Calorimetry

Current Active Version: D7309-2020

 

D7430-2011ae1 Standard Practice for Mechanical Sampling of Coal

Current Active Version: D7430-2018ae1

 

D7467-2010 Standard Specification for Diesel Fuel Oil, Biodiesel Blend (B6 to B20)

Current Active Version: D7467-2020a

 

D7520-2013 Standard Test Method for Determining the Opacity of a Plume in the Outdoor Ambient Atmosphere

Current Active Version: D7520-2016

 

E1-1998e1 Standard Specification for ASTM Thermometers

E1-2001

Current Active Version: E1-2014(2020)

 

E4-1979 Standard Methods of Load Verification Of Testing Machines

E4-2003

Current Active Version: E4-2020

 

E8-1991 Standard Test Method of Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

E8-1999

Current Active Version: E8/E8M-2016ae1

 

E11-1995 Standard Specification for Wire Cloth and Sieves for Testing Purposes

Current Active Version: E11-2020

 

E23-1996 Standard Test Method for Notched Bar Impact Testing of Metallic Materials

Current Active Version: E23-2018

 

E28-1967 Standard Method Of Test For Softening Point By Ring-And-Ball Apparatus

E28-1967(1977)

E28-1967(1982)e1

Current Active Version: E28-2018

 

E29-1967 Recommended Practice For Indicating Which Places Of Figures Are To Be Considered Significant In Specified Limiting Values

E29-1967(1980)e1

E29-1990

E29-1993a

E29-1993a(1999)

E29-2002e1

Current Active Version: E29-2013(2019)

 

E50-1990 Standard Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Precautions for Chemical Analysis of Metals

E50-1990(1995)e1

Current Active Version: E50-2017

 

E72-1977 Standard Methods of Conducting Strength Tests Of Panels For Building Construction

E72-1980

Current Active Version: E72-2015

 

E77-1966 Standard Method for Inspection, Test, And Standardization Of Liquid-in-Glass Thermometers

Current Active Version: E77-2014e1

 

E84-1981a Standard Test Method for Surface Burning Characteristics Of Building Materials

E84-1989a

E84-1998e1

E84-2001

Current Active Version: E84-2020

 

E96-1990 Standard Test Method for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials

E96-1995

Current Active Version: E96/E96M-2016

 

E100-1972(1978) Standard Specification for Astm Hydrometers

Current Active Version: E100-2019

 

E108-1980a Standard Methods of Fire Tests Of Roof Coverings

Current Active Version: E108-2020a

 

E112-1988 Standard Test Methods for Determining Grain Size

E112-1996e1

Current Active Version: E112-2013

 

E114-1995 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Straight-Beam Examination by the Contact Method

Current Active Version: E114-2015

 

E119-1988e1 Standard Test Methods for Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials

E119-1998

E119-2000a

E119-2005

Current Active Version: E119-2020

 

E131-1981a Standard Definitions of Terms and Symbols Relating to Molecular Spectroscopy

Current Active Version: E131-2010(2015)

 

E145-1994(2001) Standard Specification for Gravity-Convection And Forced-Ventilation Ovens

Current Active Version: E145-2019

 

E154-1968 Standard Methods Of Testing Materials For Use As Vapor Barriers Under Concrete Slabs And As Ground Cover In Crawl Spaces

Current Active Version: E154/E154M-2008a(2019)

 

E162-1987 Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source

E162-1990e1

E162-1994

E162-1998

Current Active Version: E162-2016

 

E163-1980 Standard Methods of Fire Tests Of Window Assemblies

Replaced By: E2010

 

E168-1967(1977) Standard Recommended Practices for General Techniques Of Infrared Quantitative Analysis

E168-1988

E168-1992

Current Active Version: E168-2016

 

E169-1963(1977) Standard Recommended Practices for General Techniques Of Ultraviolet Quantitative Analysis

E169-1963(1981)e1

E169-1987

E169-1993

Current Active Version: E169-2016

 

E180-1985 Standard Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial Chemicals

E180-1993

 

E185-1973 Standard Recommended Practice for Surveillance Tests For Nuclear Reactor Vessels

E185-1979

E185-1982e2

Current Active Version: E185-2016

 

E208-1995a Standard Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels

Current Active Version: E208-2020

 

E213-1998 Standard Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Metal Pipe and Tubing

Current Active Version: E213-2020

 

E220-1986(1996)e1 Standard Test Method for Calibration of Thermocouples By Comparison Techniques

Current Active Version: E220-2019

 

E258-1967(1996)e1 Standard Test Method for Total Nitrogen in Organic Materials by Modified Kjeldahl Method

 

E260-1973 Standard Recommended Practice for General Gas Chromatography Procedures

E260-1985

E260-1991

E260-1996

Current Active Version: E260-1996(2019)

 

E274-1965 Tentative Method Of Test For Skid Resistance Of Pavements Using A Two-Wheel Trailer

E274-1979

Current Active Version: E274/E274M-2015(2020)

 

E283-1973 Standard Test Method for Rate Of Air Leakage Through Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, And Doors

E283-1991(1999)

Current Active Version: E283/E283M-2019

 

E290-1997a Standard Test Method for Bend Testing of Material for Ductility

Current Active Version: E290-2014

 

E298-1968 Standard Methods For Assay Of Organic Peroxides

Current Active Version: E298-2017a

 

E300-1986 Standard Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals

Current Active Version: E300-2003(2017)

 

E324-1979(1989)e1 Standard Test Method for Relative Initial and Final Melting Points and the Melting Range of Organic Chemicals

Current Active Version: E324-2016

 

E330-1979 Standard Test Method for Structural Performance Of Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, And Doors By Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference

E330-1990

Current Active Version: E330/E330M-2014

 

E331-1970(1975) Standard Test Method for Water Penetration Of Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls, And Doors By Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference

Current Active Version: E331-2000(2016)

 

E380-1979 Standard for Metric Practice

E380-1993

 

E408-1971(2002) Standard Test Methods for Total Normal Emittance of Surfaces Using Inspection-Meter Techniques

Current Active Version: E408-2013(2019)

 

E413-1973 Standard Classification for Determination of Sound Transmission Class

Current Active Version: E413-2016

 

E447-1974 Standard Test Methods for Compressive Strength Of Masonry Prisms

Replaced By: C1388

 

E492-1977 Standard Method of Laboratory Measurement Of Impact Sound Transmission Through Floor-Ceiling Assemblies Using The Tapping Machine

Current Active Version: E492-2009(2016)e1

 

E501-1976 Standard Specification for Standard Tire For Pavement Skid-Resistance Tests

Current Active Version: E501-2008(2015)

 

E515-1995(2000) Standard Test Method for Leaks Using Bubble Emission Techniques

Current Active Version: E515-2011(2018)

 

E648-1978 Standard Test Method for Critical Radiant Flux Of Floor-Covering Systems Using A Radiant Heat Energy Source

E648-1997e1

E648-2000

Current Active Version: E648-2019ae1

 

E662-1997 Standard Test Method for Specific Optical Density of Smoke Generated by Solid Materials

E662-2001

Current Active Version: E662-2019

 

E681-1985 Standard Test Method for Concentration Limits of Flammability of Chemicals (Vapors and Gases)

E681-1998

Current Active Version: E681-2009(2015)

 

E695-1979(1991) Standard Method of Measuring Relative Resistance of Wall, Floor, and Roof Construction to Impact Loading

Current Active Version: E695-2003(2015)e1

 

E711-1987(2004) Standard Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Refuse-Derived Fuel by the Bomb Calorimeter (Withdrawn 2004)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

E773-1988 Standard Test Methods for Seal Durability of Sealed Insulating Glass Units

E773-1997

 

E774-1992 Standard Specification for Sealed Insulating Glass Units

E774-1997

 

E775-1987(2004) Standard Test Methods for Total Sulfur in the Analysis Sample of Refuse-Derived Fuel

Current Active Version: E775-2015

 

E776-1987(2004) Standard Test Method for Forms of Chlorine in Refuse-Derived Fuel

E776-1987(2009)

Current Active Version: E776-2016

 

E871-1982(1998) Standard Method of Moisture Analysis of Particulate Wood Fuels

Current Active Version: E871-1982(2019)

 

E885-1988(1996) Standard Test Methods for Analyses of Metals in Refuse-Derived Fuel by Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy

 

E1084-1986(2009) Standard Test Method for Solar Transmittance (Terrestrial) of Sheet Materials Using Sunlight

Current Active Version: E1084-1986(2015)

 

E1104-1998(2016) Standard Specification for Clinical Thermometer Probe Covers and Sheaths

Current Active Version: E1104-1998(2016)

 

E1136-1993(1998) Standard Specification for A Radial Standard Reference Test Tire

E1136-1993(2003)

Current Active Version: E1136-2019

 

E1174-2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Health Care Personnel Handwash Formulations

Current Active Version: E1174-2013

 

E1333-1996 Standard Test Method for Determining Formaldehyde Concentrations in Air and Emission Rates from Wood Products Using a Large Chamber

E1333-2014

Current Active Version: E1333-2014

 

E1337-1990(2002) Standard Test Method for Determining Longitudinal Peak Braking Coefficient of Paved Surfaces Using a Standard Reference Test Tire

E1337-1990(2008)

Current Active Version: E1337-2019

 

E1354-1999 Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter

Current Active Version: E1354-2017

 

E1367-1992 Standard Guide for Conducting 10-day Static Sediment Toxicity Tests with Marine and Estuarine Amphipods

Current Active Version: E1367-2003(2014)

 

E1537-1999 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Real Scale Upholstered Furniture

Current Active Version: E1537-2016

 

E1590-2001 Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of Mattresses

Current Active Version: E1590-2017

 

E1625-1994(2001) Standard Test Method for Determining Biodegradability of Organic Chemicals in Semi-Continuous Activated Sludge (SCAS)

 

E1719-1997 Standard Test Method for Vapor Pressure of Liquids by Ebulliometry

Current Active Version: E1719-2012(2018)

 

E1838-2017 Standard Test Method for Determining the Virus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using the Fingerpads of Adults

Current Active Version: E1838-2017

 

E1918-2006 Standard Test Method for Measuring Solar Reflectance of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Surfaces in the Field

Current Active Version: E1918-2016

 

E2011-2013 Standard Test Method for Evaluation of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Formulations for Virus-Eliminating Activity Using the Entire Hand

Current Active Version: E2011-2013

 

E2213-2003 Standard Specification for Telecommunications and Information Exchange Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems — 5 GHz Band Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications

Current Active Version: E2213-2003(2018)

 

E2613-2014 Standard Test Method for Determining Fungus-Eliminating Effectiveness of Hygienic Handwash and Handrub Agents Using Fingerpads of Adults

Current Active Version: E2613-2014

 

E2755-2015 Standard Test Method for Determining the Bacteria-Eliminating Effectiveness of Healthcare Personnel Hand Rub Formulations Using Hands of Adults

Current Active Version: E2755-2015

 

E2870-2019 Standard Practice for Evaluating Relative Effectiveness of Antimicrobial Handwashing Formulations using the Palmar Surface and Mechanical Hand Sampling

Current Active Version: E2870-2019

 

E3058-2016 Standard Test Method for Determining the Residual Kill Activity of Hand Antiseptic Formulations

Current Active Version: E3058-2016

 

F34-1976(1980)e1 Standard Test Method for Liquid Extraction of Flexible Barrier Materials

Current Active Version: F34-2013(2018)

 

F146-1980 Standard Test Methods for Fluid Resistance Of Gasket Materials

Current Active Version: F146-2012(2019)e1

 

F337-1971(1979) Recommended Practice for Dimensions and Tolerances for Bone Plates (Withdrawn 1982)

Replaced By: F786

 

F377-1980 Standard Method for Calibration Of Braking Force For Testing Of Pneumatic Tires

Current Active Version: F377-2003(2015)

 

F404-2018 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for High Chairs

Current Active Version: F404-2018a

 

F405-1977ae1 Standard Specification for Corrugated Polyethylene (PE) Tubing And Fittings

 

F406-2010a Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards

F406-2013

F406-2017

F406-2019

Current Active Version: F406-2019

 

F462-1979(1999) Consumer Safety Specification for Slip-Resistant Bathing Facilities

 

F476-1984(1996) Standard Test Methods for Security of Swinging Door Assemblies

F476-2014

Current Active Version: F476-2014

 

F478-1992(1999) Standard Specification for In-Service Care of Insulating Line Hose and Covers

Current Active Version: F478-2014a(2019)

 

F479-1993 Standard Specification for In-Service Care of Insulating Blankets

F479-1995

Current Active Version: F479-2006(2017)

 

F496-1993b Standard Specification for In-Service Care of Insulating Gloves and Sleeves

F496-1997

Current Active Version: F496-2020

 

F589-1985 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Powder Guns

Current Active Version: F589-2017

 

F628-1979e1 Standard Specification for Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) Plastic Drain, Waste, And Vent Pipe Having A Foam Core

F628-1991

Current Active Version: F628-2012e3

 

F631-1993 Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer Performance Data in Controlled Environments

Current Active Version: F631-2015(2020)

 

F682-1982a(1998) Standard Specification for Wrought Carbon Steel Sleeve-Type Pipe Couplings

F682-1982a(2008)

Current Active Version: F682-1982a(2018)

 

F715-1995 Standard Test Methods for Coated Fabrics Used for Oil Spill Control and Storage

Current Active Version: F715-2007(2018)

 

F722-1982(1998) Standard Specification for Welded Joints for Shipboard Piping Systems

F722-1982(2008)

Current Active Version: F722-2018

 

F792-1988(1993)e1 Standard Practice for Evaluating the Imaging Performance of Security X-Ray Systems

Current Active Version: F792-2017e1

 

F808-1983(1988)e1 Standard Guide for Collecting Skimmer performance Data in Uncontrolled Enviorments

 

F833-2013b Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Carriages and Strollers

F833-2019

Current Active Version: F833-2019

 

F876-2010 Standard Specification for Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing

Current Active Version: F876-2020

 

F877-2007 Standard Specification for Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Plastic Hot- and Cold-Water Distribution Systems

Current Active Version: F877-2020

 

F963-2007e1 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toy Safety

F963-2017

Current Active Version: F963-2017

 

F977-2007 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Infant Walkers

F977-2012

Current Active Version: F977-2018

 

F1003-1986(1992) Standard Specification for Searchlights on Motor Lifeboats

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

F1006-1986(1992) Standard Specififcation for Entrainment Separators for Use in Marine Piping Applications

F1006-1986(2008)

Current Active Version: F1006-1986(2018)

 

F1007-1986(1996)e1 Standard Specification for Pipe-Line Expansion Joints of the Packed Slip Type for Marine Application

F1007-1986(2007)

Current Active Version: F1007-2018

 

F1014-1992 Specification for Flashlights on Vessels

F1014-2002(2007)

Current Active Version: F1014-2020

 

F1020-1986(1996)e1 Standard Specification for Line-Blind Valves for Marine Applications

F1020-1986(2011)

Current Active Version: F1020-1986(2018)

 

F1055-1998 Standard Specification for Electrofusion Type Polyethylene Fittings for Outside Diameter Controlled Polyethylene Pipe and Tubing

F1055-1998(2006)

Current Active Version: F1055-2016a

 

F1120-1987(1998) Standard Specification for Circular Metallic Bellows Type Expansion Joints for Piping Applications

F1120-1987(2010)

Current Active Version: F1120-1987(2019)

 

F1121-1987(1998) Standard Specification for International Shore Connections for Marine Fire Applications

F1121-1987(2010)

Current Active Version: F1121-1987(2019)

 

F1122-1987(1992) Standard Specification for Quick Disconnect Couplings

F1122-1987(1998)

Current Active Version: F1122-2004(2015)e1

 

F1123-1987(1998) Standard Specification for Non-Metallic Expansion Joints

F1123-1987(2010)

Current Active Version: F1123-1987(2019)

 

F1139-1988(1998) Standard Specification for Steam Traps and Drains

F1139-1988(2010)

Current Active Version: F1139-1988(2019)

 

F1155-1998 Standard Practice for Selection and Application of Piping System Materials

Current Active Version: F1155-2010(2019)

 

F1169-2010 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Full-Size Baby Cribs

F1169-2011

F1169-2019

Current Active Version: F1169-2019

 

F1172-1988(1998) Standard Specification for Fuel Oil Meters of the Volumetric Positive Displacement Type

F1172-1988(2010)

Current Active Version: F1172-1988(2019)

 

F1173-1995 Standard Specification for Thermosetting Resin Fiberglass Pipe Systems to Be Used for Marine Applications

Current Active Version: F1173-2001(2018)

 

F1193-2006 Practice for Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices

Current Active Version: F1193-2018a

 

F1196-1994(2000) Standard Specification for Sliding Watertight Door Assemblies

Current Active Version: F1196-2019

 

F1197-1989(2000) Standard Specification for Sliding Watertight Door Control Systems

Current Active Version: F1197-2019

 

F1199-1988(1998) Standard Specification for Cast (All Temperatures and Pressures) and Welded Pipe Line Strainers (150 psig and 150°F Maximum)

F1199-1988(2010)

Current Active Version: F1199-1988(2019)

 

F1200-1988(1998) Standard Specification for Fabricated (Welded) Pipe Line Strainers (Above 150 psig and 150°F)

F1200-1988(2010)

Current Active Version: F1200-1988(2016)

 

F1201-1988(2010) Standard Specification for Fluid Conditioner Fittings in Piping Applications Above 0°F

Current Active Version: F1201-1988(2016)

 

F1235-2018 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Portable Hook-On Chairs

Current Active Version: F1235-2018

 

F1271-1990(1995)e1 Standard Specification for Spill Valves for Use in Marine Tank Liquid Overpressure Protections Applications

F1271-1990(2012)

Current Active Version: F1271-1990(2018)

 

F1273-1991(1997)e1 Standard Specification for Tank Vent Flame Arresters

F1273-1991(2007)

Current Active Version: F1273-1991(2013)

 

F1292-1999 Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment

F1292-2004

Current Active Version: F1292-2018e1

 

F1321-1992 Standard Guide for Conducting a Stability Test (Lightweight Survey and Inclining Experiment) to Determine the Light Ship Displacement and Centers of Gravity of a Vessel

F1321-1992(2004)

Current Active Version: F1321-2014

 

F1323-1998 Standard Specification for Shipboard Incinerators

Current Active Version: F1323-2014(2020)

 

F1387-1993(1998) Standard Specification for Performance of Mechanically Attached Fittings

Current Active Version: F1387-2019

 

F1443-1993 Standard Test Methods for Equipment and Procedures Used in Evaluating the Performance Characteristics of Protective Headgear

 

F1446-1993 Standard Test Methods for Equipment and Procedures Used in Evaluating the Performance Characteristics of Protective Headgear

F1446-1994

Current Active Version: F1446-2015b

 

F1447-1993 Standard Specification for Protective Headgear Used in Bicycling

F1447-1994

Current Active Version: F1447-2018

 

F1471-1993 Standard Test Method for Air Cleaning Performance of a High-Efficiency Particulate Air- Filter System

F1471-1993(2001)

 

F1476-1995a Standard Specification for Performance of Gasketed Mechanical Couplings for Use in Piping Applications

Current Active Version: F1476-2007(2019)

 

F1487-2001 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use

Current Active Version: F1487-2017

 

F1494-2014 Standard Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing

Current Active Version: F1494-2014

 

F1546/F1546M-1996 Standard Specification for Fire Hose Nozzles

F1546/F1546M-1996(2012)

F1546-1996(2012)e1

Current Active Version: F1546-1996(2018)

 

F1548-1994 Standard Specification for the Performance of Fittings for Use with Gasketed Mechanical Couplings Used in Piping Applications

Current Active Version: F1548-2001(2018)

 

F1626-1995(2000) Standard Practice for Preparing Shipboard Fire Control Plans

 

F1671/F1671M-2013 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Blood-Borne Pathogens Using Phi-X174 Bacteriophage Penetration as a Test System

Current Active Version: F1671/F1671M-2013

 

F1805-2000 Standard Test Method for Single Wheel Driving Traction in a Straight Line on Snow- and Ice-Covered Surfaces

Current Active Version: F1805-2020

 

F1821-2009 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Toddler Beds

F1821-2013

F1821-2016

F1821-2019e1

Current Active Version: F1821-2019e1

 

F1862/F1862M-2017 Standard Test Method for Resistance of Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Synthetic Blood (Horizontal Projection of Fixed Volume at a Known Velocity)

Current Active Version: F1862/F1862M-2017

 

F1868-2017 Standard Test Method for Thermal and Evaporative Resistance of Clothing Materials Using a Sweating Hot Plate

Current Active Version: F1868-2017

 

F1924-2012 Standard Specification for Plastic Mechanical Fittings for Use on Outside Diameter Controlled Polyethylene Gas Distribution Pipe and Tubing

Current Active Version: F1924-2019

 

F1948-2012 Standard Specification for Metallic Mechanical Fittings for Use on Outside Diameter Controlled Thermoplastic Gas Distribution Pipe and Tubing

Current Active Version: F1948-2020

 

F1950-1999 Standard Specification for Physical Information to be Transferred With Used Amusement Rides and Devices (Withdrawn 2008)

Replaced By: No_Replacement

 

F1951-1999 Standard Specification for Determination of Accessibility of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment

Current Active Version: F1951-2014

 

F1967-2011a Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Infant Bath Seats

F1967-2019

Current Active Version: F1967-2019

 

F1973-2013 Standard Specification for Factory Assembled Anodeless Risers and Transition Fittings in Polyethylene (PE) and Polyamide 11 (PA11) and Polyamide 12 (PA12) Fuel Gas Distribution Systems

Current Active Version: F1973-2013(2018)

 

F2012-2018e1 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Stationary Activity Centers

Current Active Version: F2012-2018e1

 

F2085-2012 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Portable Bed Rails

F2085-2019

Current Active Version: F2085-2019

 

F2088-2013 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Infant Swings

Current Active Version: F2088-2020

 

F2100-2019 Standard Specification for Performance of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks

F2100-2019e1

Current Active Version: F2100-2019e1

 

F2101-2019 Standard Test Method for Evaluating the Bacterial Filtration Efficiency (BFE) of Medical Face Mask Materials, Using a Biological Aerosol of Staphylococcus aureus

Current Active Version: F2101-2019

 

F2145-2013 Standard Specification for Polyamide 11 (PA 11) and Polyamide 12 (PA12) Mechanical Fittings for Use on Outside Diameter Controlled Polyamide 11 and Polyamide 12 Pipe and Tubing

Current Active Version: F2145-2013(2018)

 

F2167-2019 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Infant Bouncer Seats

Current Active Version: F2167-2019

 

F2194-2013 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Bassinets and Cradles

Current Active Version: F2194-2016e1

 

F2236-2014 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Soft Infant and Toddler Carriers

Current Active Version: F2236-2016a

 

F2299/F2299M-2003(2017) Standard Test Method for Determining the Initial Efficiency of Materials Used in Medical Face Masks to Penetration by Particulates Using Latex Spheres

Current Active Version: F2299/F2299M-2003(2017)

 

F2388-2018 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Baby Changing Products for Domestic Use

Current Active Version: F2388-2018

 

F2407-2006(2013)e1 Standard Specification for Surgical Gowns Intended for Use in Healthcare Facilities

Current Active Version: F2407-2006(2013)e1

 

F2412-2005 Standard Test Methods for Foot Protection

Current Active Version: F2412-2018a

 

F2413-2005 Standard Specification for Performance Requirements for Foot Protection

Current Active Version: F2413-2018

 

F2517-2017 Standard Specification for Determination of Child Resistance of Portable Fuel Containers for Consumer Use

Current Active Version: F2517-2017

 

F2600-2009 Standard Specification for Electrofusion Type Polyamide-11 Fittings for Outside Diameter Controlled Polyamide-11 Pipe and Tubing

Current Active Version: F2600-2009(2018)

 

F2613-2017a Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Children’s Chairs and Stools

F2613-2019

Current Active Version: F2613-2019

 

F2620-2012 Standard Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyethylene Pipe and Fittings

Current Active Version: F2620-2019

 

F2670-2018 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Infant Bath Tubs

Current Active Version: F2670-2018

 

F2767-2012 Standard Specification for Electrofusion Type Polyamide-12 Fittings for Outside Diameter Controlled Polyamide-12 Pipe and Tubing for Gas Distribution

Current Active Version: F2767-2018

 

F2785-2012 Standard Specification for Polyamide 12 Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings

Current Active Version: F2785-2018a

 

F2817-2010 Standard Specification for Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) Gas Pressure Pipe and Fittings For Maintenance or Repair

Current Active Version: F2817-2013(2019)

 

F2853-2010 Standard Test Method for Determination of Lead in Paint Layers and Similar Coatings or in Substrates and Homogenous Materials by Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry Using Multiple Monochromatic Excitation Beams

Current Active Version: F2853-2010(2015)

 

F2876-2010 Standard Practice for Thermal Rating and Installation of Internal Combustion Engine Packages for use in Hazardous Locations in Marine Applications

Current Active Version: F2876-2010(2015)

 

F2906-2013 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Bedside Sleepers

Current Active Version: F2906-2013(2019)

 

F2907-2015 Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Sling Carriers

F2907-2019

Current Active Version: F2907-2019

 

F2945-2012a Standard Specification for Polyamide 11 Gas Pressure Pipe, Tubing, and Fittings

Current Active Version: F2945-2018

 

F3264-2017 Standard Specification for Normal Category Aeroplanes Certification

F3264-2018

F3264-2018b

Current Active Version: F3264-2019

 

F3387-2019 Standard Practice for Respiratory Protection

Current Active Version: F3387-2019

 

G1-1972 Recommended Practice for Preparing, Cleaning, And Evaluating Corrosion Test Specimens

Current Active Version: G1-2003(2017)e1

 

G16-1971(1984) Standard Practice for Applying Statistics to Analysis of Corrosion Data

Current Active Version: G16-2013(2019)

 

G21-1990 Standard Practice for Determining Resistance of Synthetic Polymetric Materials to Fungi

Current Active Version: G21-2015

 

G23-1969 Standard Recommended Practice For Operating Light – And Water-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) For Exposure Of Nonmetallic Materials

G23-1969(1975)

G23-1981

G23-1990

G23-1993

Current Active Version: G152-2013

 

G26-1970 Recommended Practice for Operating Light – And Water-Exposure Apparatus (Xenon-Arc Type) For Exposure Of Nonmetallic Materials

Replaced By: G155

 

G46-1976(1986)e1 Standard Practice for Examination and Evaluation of Pitting Corrosion

Current Active Version: G46-1994(2018)

 

G151-1997 Standard Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources

Current Active Version: G151-2019

 

G154-2000 Standard Practice for Operating Fluorescent Light Apparatus for UV Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials

Current Active Version: G154-2016

  • ASTM D3578 Standard Specification for Rubber Examination gloves for Medical Application
    • Length: Min 220mm (XS-S), MIN 230mm (M-XL)
    • Thickness Single wall finger and Palm: Min 0.08mm
    • Elongation (Before/After aging): Before 650%/ After 500%
    • Tensile Strength (Before/After aging): Before 18Mpa/ After 14Mpa
    • Waterlight test: AQL 2.5
  • ASTM D6319 Standard Specification for Nitrile Examination gloves for Medical Application
    • Length: Min 220 mm (XS-S), MIN 230mm (M-XL)
    • Thickness Single wall finger and Palm: Min 0.05mm
    • Elongation (Before/After aging): Before 500%/ After 400%
    • Tensile Strength (Before/After aging): Before 14Mpa/ After 14Mpa
    • Waterlight test: AQL 2.5

RoHS is a product level compliance based on the European Union’s Directive 2002/95/EC, the Restriction of the Use of certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS). Products compliant with this directive do not exceed the allowable amounts of the following restricted materials: lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE), with some limited exemptions. This directive applies to manufacturers, authorized representatives, importers and distributors of products including large household appliances (refrigerators, etc.), small household appliances (vacuum cleaners, etc.), computing & communications equipment, consumer electronics, lighting, power tools, toys and sports equipment (videogames, electric trains, etc.) and automatic dispensers (vending machines, ATM machines, etc.). Organizations often prove RoHS compliance with a letter of compliance issued by an employee of the company. There are third party testing services available that will test an organization’s products for levels of the restricted materials.

Australia / New Zealand Certifications / Guidelines / Standards for PPE
  • Latex Examination AS/NZ 4011.1:2014 Specification
    • Length: Min 240 mm
    • Thickness Single wall finger and Palm: smooth Min 0.08mm Max 2.00mm/ Textured Min 0.11mm Max 2.03mm
    • Elongation (Before/After aging):Before 650%/ After 500%
    • Force (Before/After aging):Before 7N/ After 7N
    • Waterlight test:G1 AQL 1.5
  • Nitrile Examination AS/NZ 4011.1:2014 Specification
    • Length:Min 240 mm
    • Thickness Single wall finger and Palm:smooth Min 0.08mm Max 2.00mm/ Textured Min 0.11mm Max 2.03mm
    • Elongation (Before/After aging):Before 500%/ After 400%
    • Force (Before/After aging):Before 7N/ After 7N
    • Waterlight test:G1 AQL 1.5
EU-CE Certification / Guidelines / Standards for PPE

Upload date: 25 March 2020

BS EN 149:2001+A1:2009 Respiratory protective devices. Filtering half masks to protect against particles. Requirements, testing, marking

BS EN 14683:2019 Medical face masks. Requirements and test methods.

BS EN 13795-1:2019 Surgical clothing and drapes. Requirements and test methods. Surgical drapes and gowns

BS EN 13795-2:2019 Surgical clothing and drapes. Requirements and test methods. Clean air suits

BS EN 14126:2003 Protective clothing. Performance requirements and tests methods for protective clothing against infective agents

BS EN 14605:2009+A1:2009 Protective clothing against liquid chemicals. Performance requirements for clothing with liquid-tight (Type 3) or spray-tight (Type 4) connections, including items providing protection to parts of the body only (Types PB [3] and PB [4])

BS EN 166:2002 Personal eye protection. Specifications

BS EN 455-1:2000 Medical gloves for single use. Requirements and testing for freedom from holes (Withdrawn title)

BS EN 455-2:2015 Medical gloves for single use. Requirements and testing for physical properties

BS EN 455-3:2015 Medical gloves for single use. Requirements and testing for biological evaluation

BS EN 455-4:2009 Medical gloves for single use. Requirements and testing for shelf life determination

BS EN ISO 10993-1:2009 Biological evaluation of medical devices Part 1: Evaluation and testing within a risk management process

BS EN ISO 13688:2013 Protective clothing. General requirements

BS EN IO 374-5:2016 Protective gloves against dangerous chemicals and micro-organisms. Terminology and performance requirements for micro-organisms risks

 

Upload date: 2 April 2020

BS EN 29073-3:1992 Methods of tests for Nonwovens – Part 3: Determination of tensile strength and elongation

BS EN ISO 139:2005 Textiles – Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing

BS EN ISO 811:2018 Textiles – Determination of resistance to water penetration – Hydrostatic pressure test

BS EN ISO 9073-10:2004 Textiles – Test methods for nonwovens – Part 10:  Lint and other particles generation in the dry state

BS EN ISO 11737-1:2018 Sterilization of health care products – Microbiological methods – Part 1: Determination of a population of microorganisms on products

BS EN ISO 13938‑1:2019 Textiles – Bursting properties of fabrics – Part 1: Hydraulic method for determination of bursting strength and bursting distension

BS EN ISO 22612:2005 Clothing for protection against infectious agents — Test method for resistance to dry microbial penetration

ISO 22610:2018 Surgical drapes, gowns and clean air suits, used as medical devices, for patients, clinical staff and equipment – Test method to determine the resistance to wet bacterial penetration

 

Upload date: 7 April 2020

BS EN 13034:2005+A1:2009 Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing offering limited protective performance against liquid chemicals (Type 6 and Type PB equipment)

BS EN ISO 13982-1:2204+A1:2010 Part 1: Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing providing protection to the full body against airborne solid particulates (type 5 clothing)

 

Upload date: 14 April 2020

BS EN 168:2002 Personal eye-protection – Non-optical test methods

 

Upload date: 10 June 2020

BS EN 1827:1999+A1:2009 Respiratory protective devices – Half masks without inhalation valves and with separable filters to protect against gases or gases and particles or particles only – Requirements, testing, marking

BS EN 12941:1998+A2:2008 Respiratory protective devices – Powered filtering devices incorporating a helmet or a hood – Requirements, testing, marking

BS EN 136:1998 Respiratory protective devices – Full face masks – Requirements, testing, marking

BS EN ISO 18526-1:2020 Eye and face protection – Test methods – Part 1: Geometrical optical properties

BS EN ISO 18526-3:2020 Eye and face protection – Test methods – Part 1: Physical and mechanical properties

BS EN 13274-7:2019 Respiratory protective devices – Methods of test – Part7: Determination of particle filter penetration

BS ISO 16900-1:2019 Respiratory protective devices – Methods of test and test equipment – Part 1: Determination of inward leakage

ISO 22609 Clothing for protection against infectious agents – Medical face masks – Test method for resistance against penetration by synthetic blood (fixed volume, horizontally projected)

BS EN 1149-1:2006 Protective clothing – Electrostatic properties – Part 1: Test method for measurement of surface resistivity

 

Upload date: 11 June 2020

PD ISO/TS 16976-8:2013 Respiratory protective devices – Human factors – Part 8: Ergonomic factors

 

Upload date: 12 June 2020

BS EN 455-1:2020 Medical gloves for single use – Part 1: requirements for testing for freedom from holes

 

Upload date: 14 August 2020

BS EN 140:1999 Respiratory protective devices – Half masks – Requirements, testing, marking

BS EN 143:2000 Respiratory protective devices – Particle filters – Requirements, testing, marking

 

Upload date: 27 August 2020

BS EN 12942:1998+A2:2008 Respiratory protective devices – Power assisted filtering devices incorporating full face masks, half masks or quarter masks – Requirements, testing, marking

PPE is considered to be any item designed to be worn or held by an individual for protection against one or more safety hazards. In Europe, placing PPE products on the market is regulated by the PPE Regulation (2016/425). This applies to most safety products intended for use in leisure and sports activities, as well as for professional use.

All PPE products covered by 2016/425 must meet the Essential Health and Safety Requirements (EHSR) listed and described in the PPE Regulation.

The first step to check the quality of PPE is to conduct testing to assess the compliance with relevant test standards. Harmonised standards have been published for the PPE directive and compliance provides a presumption of conformity with the EHSR of the Directive.

In addition to the testing, the harmonised standards also describe the requirements for User Information and Product Marking.

PPE CERTIFICATION

Regulation (EU) 2016/425 classifies all PPE into one of three risk categories – I, II and III – each requiring the manufacturer to produce an EU Declaration of Conformity (DoC).

PPE CATEGORYCERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
Category I:
Simple products, such as gardening gloves, sunglasses, etc.
Manufacturer can self-certify, a process that requires the development of a Technical File which includes the manufacturer’s Declaration of Conformity.
Category II:
Safety and sports helmets, safety footwear, high visibility clothing, etc.
Manufacturers require an EU Type Examination (Article 10) by a Notified Body, such as SGS. This can be done by developing a Technical File including independent testing reports/results.
Category III:
Complex products, such as respiratory equipment, fall arrest equipment and chemical protective clothing.
Require an EU Type Examination (Article 10) and ongoing assessment of compliance (Article 11). Under Article 11, the client can choose to have the Notified Body:
  • Audit the manufacturing site annually to ensure that quality management systems are in place to manufacture a compliant product on an ongoing basis
  • Select samples annually for compliance testing

REGULATION (EU) 2016/425 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL

of 9 March 2016

on personal protective equipment and repealing Council Directive 89/686/EEC

(Text with EEA relevance)

THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION,

Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 114 thereof,

Having regard to the proposal from the European Commission,

After transmission of the draft legislative act to the national parliaments,

Having regard to the opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee (1),

Acting in accordance with the ordinary legislative procedure (2),

Whereas:

(1)

Council Directive 89/686/EEC (3) was adopted in the context of establishing the internal market, in order to harmonise health and safety requirements for personal protective equipment (PPE) in all Member States and to remove obstacles to trade in PPE between Member States.

(2)

Directive 89/686/EEC is based on the ‘new approach’ principles, as set out in the Council Resolution of 7 May 1985 on a new approach to technical harmonisation and standards (4). Thus, it sets only the essential requirements applying to PPE, whereas technical details are adopted by the European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) and the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardisation (Cenelec) in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council (5). Conformity with the harmonised standards so set, the reference numbers of which are published in the Official Journal of the European Union, provides a presumption of conformity with the requirements of Directive 89/686/EEC. Experience has shown that those basic principles have worked well in that sector and should be maintained and even further promoted.

(3)

Experience with the application of Directive 89/686/EEC has shown inadequacies and inconsistencies in the product coverage and conformity assessment procedures. In order to take account of that experience and to provide clarification in relation to the framework within which products covered by this Regulation may be made available on the market, certain aspects of Directive 89/686/EEC should be revised and enhanced.

(4)

Since the scope, the essential health and safety requirements and conformity assessment procedures have to be identical in all the Member States there is almost no flexibility in transposing a directive based on the new approach principles into national law. Directive 89/686/EEC should therefore be replaced by a regulation, which is the appropriate legal instrument for imposing clear and detailed rules which do not give room for divergent transposition by Member States.

(5)

Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council (6) lays down rules on the accreditation of conformity assessment bodies, provides a framework for the market surveillance of products and for controls on products from third countries, and lays down the general principles of the CE marking.

(6)

Decision No 768/2008/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council (7) lays down common principles and reference provisions intended to apply across sectoral legislation. In order to ensure consistency with other sectoral product legislation, it is appropriate to align certain provisions of this Regulation to that Decision, in so far as sectoral specificities do not require a different solution. Therefore, certain definitions, the general obligations of economic operators, the presumption of conformity, EU declaration of conformity, rules on CE marking, requirements for conformity assessment bodies and notification procedures, the conformity assessment procedures and the provisions concerning procedures to deal with PPE presenting a risk should be adapted to that Decision.

(7)

Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012 provides for a procedure for objections to harmonised standards where those standards do not entirely satisfy the requirements of this Regulation.

(8)

This Regulation covers PPE which is new to the Union market when it is placed on the market; that is to say it is either new PPE made by a manufacturer established in the Union or PPE, whether new or second-hand, imported from a third country.

(9)

This Regulation should apply to all forms of supply, including distance selling.

(10)

Some products on the market that provide a protective function to the user are excluded from the scope of Directive 89/686/EEC. In order to ensure as high a level of protection for the user of those products as for the user of PPE covered by Directive 89/686/EEC, the scope of this Regulation should include PPE for private use against heat, in line with similar PPE for professional use which is already covered by Directive 89/686/EEC. Artisanal decorative products do not claim to fulfil a protective function, are by definition not personal protective equipment and are therefore not concerned by that inclusion. Clothing intended for private use with reflective or fluorescent elements included for reasons of design or decoration is not personal protective equipment and is therefore not covered by this Regulation. As for products intended for private use to protect against atmospheric conditions that are not of an extreme nature or to protect against damp and water, including but not limited to seasonal clothing, umbrellas and dishwashing gloves, those should also fall outside of the scope of this Regulation. It is also appropriate to clarify the list of excluded PPE set out in Annex I to Directive 89/686/EEC by adding a reference to products covered by other legislation and therefore excluded from the scope of this Regulation.

(11)

Economic operators should be responsible for the compliance of PPE with the requirements of this Regulation, in relation to their respective roles in the supply chain, so as to ensure a high level of protection of public interests, such as health and safety, and the protection of users, and to guarantee fair competition on the Union market.

(12)

All economic operators intervening in the supply and distribution chain should take appropriate measures to ensure that they make available on the market only PPE which is in conformity with this Regulation. This Regulation should provide a clear and proportionate distribution of obligations which correspond to the role of each economic operator in the supply and distribution chain.

(13)

In order to facilitate communication between economic operators, national market surveillance authorities and consumers, Member States should encourage economic operators to include a website address in addition to the postal address.

(14)

The manufacturer, having detailed knowledge of the design and production process, is best placed to carry out the conformity assessment procedure. Conformity assessment should therefore remain solely the obligation of the manufacturer.

(15)

It is necessary to ensure that PPE from third countries entering the Union market complies with the requirements of this Regulation and, in particular, that appropriate conformity assessment procedures have been carried out by manufacturers. Provision should therefore be made for importers to make sure that PPE they place on the market complies with the requirements of this Regulation and that they do not place on the market PPE which does not comply with such requirements or which present a risk. Provision should also be made for importers to make sure that the conformity assessment procedures have been carried out and that the CE marking and technical documentation drawn up by manufacturers are available for inspection by the competent national authorities.

(16)

The distributor makes PPE available on the market after it has been placed on the market by the manufacturer or the importer and should act with due care to ensure that its handling of PPE does not adversely affect the compliance of the PPE.

(17)

When placing PPE on the market, every importer should indicate on the PPE his name, registered trade name or registered trade mark and the postal address at which he can be contacted. Exceptions should be provided for in cases where the size or nature of the PPE does not allow it. This includes cases where the importer would have to open the packaging to put his name and address on the PPE.

(18)

Efforts should be made by economic operators to ensure that all relevant documentation, such as the user’s instructions, whilst ensuring precise and comprehensible information, are easily understandable, take into account technological developments and changes to end-user behaviour, and are as up to date as possible. When PPE is made available on the market in packages containing multiple units, the instructions and information should accompany each smallest commercially available unit.

(19)

Any economic operator who either places PPE on the market under his own name or trademark or modifies a product in such a way that compliance with the requirements of this Regulation may be affected should be considered to be the manufacturer and should assume the obligations of the manufacturer.

(20)

Distributors and importers, being close to the market place, should be involved in market surveillance tasks carried out by the competent national authorities, and should be prepared to participate actively, providing those authorities with all necessary information relating to the PPE concerned.

(21)

Ensuring traceability of PPE throughout the whole supply chain helps to make market surveillance simpler and more efficient. An efficient traceability system facilitates the market surveillance authorities’ task of tracing economic operators who made non-compliant PPE available on the market. When keeping the information required under this Regulation for the identification of other economic operators, economic operators should not be required to update such information in respect of other economic operators who have either supplied them with PPE or to whom they have supplied PPE.

(22)

In order to simplify and adapt certain essential safety requirements of Directive 89/686/EEC to the current practice, the requirement to label PPE protecting against harmful noise with a comfort index should be removed as experience has shown that it is not possible to measure and establish such an index. As regards mechanical vibrations, it is appropriate to remove the requirement not to exceed the limit values set by Union legislation on the exposure of workers to vibrations since the use of PPE alone is not able to achieve this objective. As regards PPE protecting against radiation, it is no longer necessary to require that the instructions for use supplied by the manufacturer indicate transmission curves, since the indication of the protection factor is more useful and is sufficient for the user.

(23)

It is necessary to clearly specify the relationship with, and the scope of this Regulation as regards, the entitlement of Member States to lay down requirements for the use of PPE at the workplace, in particular pursuant to Council Directive 89/656/EEC (8), in order to avoid any confusion and ambiguity and hence ensure the free movement of compliant PPE. Article 4 of that Directive obliges employers to provide PPE which complies with the relevant Union provisions on design and manufacture with respect to safety and health. Pursuant to that Article, manufacturers of PPE who provide that PPE to their employees must ensure that such PPE fulfils the requirements laid down in this Regulation.

(24)

Market surveillance authorities should have easy access to the EU declaration of conformity. In order to fulfil that requirement, manufacturers should ensure that PPE is accompanied either by a copy of the EU declaration of conformity or by the internet address at which the EU declaration of conformity can be accessed.

(25)

To ensure effective access to information for market surveillance purposes, the information required to identify all applicable Union acts for PPE should be available in a single EU declaration of conformity. In order to reduce the administrative burden on economic operators, it should be possible for that single EU declaration of conformity to be a dossier made up of relevant individual declarations of conformity.

(26)

In order to increase the efficiency of market surveillance, it is necessary to extend the obligation to draw up complete technical documentation to all PPE.

(27)

In order to ensure that PPE is examined on the basis of the state of the art, the limit of validity of the EU type-examination certificate should be set at a maximum of five years. A process for reviewing the certificate should be provided for. A minimum content of the certificate should be required in order to facilitate the work of the market surveillance authorities.

(28)

A simplified procedure should be applied in the case of renewal of the EU type- examination certificate where the manufacturer has not modified the approved type and the harmonised standards or other technical specifications applied by the manufacturer have not been changed and continue to meet the essential health and safety requirements in the light of the state of the art. In such cases, additional tests or examinations should not be necessary and the administrative burden and related costs should be kept to a minimum.

(29)

The CE marking, indicating the conformity of a product, is the visible consequence of a whole process comprising conformity assessment in a broad sense. The general principles governing the CE marking are set out in Regulation (EC) No 765/2008. Rules governing the affixing of the CE marking on PPE should be laid down in this Regulation.

(30)

In order to ensure compliance with the essential health and safety requirements laid down in this Regulation, it is necessary to lay down appropriate conformity assessment procedures to be followed by the manufacturer. Directive 89/686/EEC classifies PPE into three categories that are subject to different conformity assessment procedures. In order to ensure a consistently high level of safety of all PPE, the range of products subject to one of the conformity assessment procedures relating to the production phase should be enlarged. The conformity assessment procedures for each category of PPE should be set, as far as possible, on the basis of the conformity assessment modules laid down in Decision No 768/2008/EC.

(31)

The conformity assessment procedures should be adapted to the specific conditions of the manufacture of PPE produced in series where each item is adapted to fit an individual user, and of PPE produced as a single unit to fit an individual user.

(32)

It is necessary to ensure a uniformly high level of performance of bodies performing conformity assessment of PPE throughout the Union, and all such bodies should perform their functions at the same level and under conditions of fair competition. Therefore obligatory requirements should be set for conformity assessment bodies wishing to be notified in order to provide conformity assessment services.

(33)

If a conformity assessment body demonstrates conformity with the criteria laid down in harmonised standards, it should be presumed to comply with the corresponding requirements set out in this Regulation.

(34)

In order to ensure a consistent level of quality in the performance of conformity assessment of PPE, it is also necessary to set requirements for notifying authorities and other bodies involved in the assessment, notification and monitoring of notified bodies.

(35)

The system set out in this Regulation should be complemented by the accreditation system provided for in Regulation (EC) No 765/2008. Since accreditation is an essential means of verifying the competence of conformity assessment bodies, it should also be used for the purposes of notification.

(36)

Transparent accreditation as provided for in Regulation (EC) No 765/2008, ensuring the necessary level of confidence in certificates of conformity, should be considered by the national public authorities throughout the Union as the preferred means of demonstrating the technical competence of conformity assessment bodies. However, national authorities may consider that they possess the appropriate means of carrying out that evaluation themselves. In such cases, in order to ensure the appropriate level of credibility of evaluations carried out by other national authorities, they should provide the Commission and the other Member States with the necessary documentary evidence demonstrating the compliance of the conformity assessment bodies evaluated with the relevant regulatory requirements.

(37)

Conformity assessment bodies frequently subcontract parts of their activities linked to the assessment of conformity or have recourse to a subsidiary. In order to safeguard the level of protection required for the PPE to be placed on the market, it is essential that conformity assessment subcontractors and subsidiaries fulfil the same requirements as notified bodies in relation to the performance of conformity assessment tasks. Therefore, it is important that the assessment of the competence and the performance of bodies to be notified, and the monitoring of bodies already notified, cover also activities carried out by subcontractors and subsidiaries.

(38)

Since notified bodies may offer their services throughout the Union, it is appropriate to give the other Member States and the Commission the opportunity to raise objections concerning a notified body. It is therefore important to provide for a period during which any doubts or concerns as to the competence of conformity assessment bodies can be clarified before they start operating as notified bodies.

(39)

In the interests of competitiveness, it is crucial that notified bodies apply the conformity assessment procedures without creating unnecessary burdens for economic operators. For the same reason, and to ensure equal treatment of economic operators, consistency in the technical application of the conformity assessment procedures needs to be ensured. That can best be achieved through appropriate coordination and cooperation between notified bodies.

(40)

Interested parties should have the right to appeal against the result of a conformity assessment carried out by a notified body. For that reason, it is important to ensure that an appeal procedure against decisions taken by notified bodies is available.

(41)

Member States should take all appropriate measures to ensure that PPE covered by this Regulation may be placed on the market only if, when properly stored and used for its intended purpose, or under conditions of use which can be reasonably foreseen, it does not endanger the health or safety of persons. PPE covered by this Regulation should be considered as non-compliant with the essential health and safety requirements laid down in this Regulation only under conditions of use which can be reasonably foreseen, that is when such use could result from lawful and readily predictable human behaviour.

(42)

In order to ensure legal certainty, it is necessary to clarify that rules on Union market surveillance and control of products entering the Union market provided for in Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 apply to PPE covered by this Regulation. This Regulation should not prevent Member States from choosing the competent authorities to carry out those tasks.

(43)

Directive 89/686/EEC already provides for a safeguard procedure which is necessary to allow for the possibility of contesting the conformity of a product. In order to increase transparency and to reduce processing time, it is necessary to improve the existing safeguard procedure, with a view to making it more efficient and drawing on the expertise available in Member States.

(44)

The existing system should be supplemented by a procedure under which interested parties are informed of measures intended to be taken with regard to PPE presenting a risk to the health or safety of persons. It should also allow market surveillance authorities, in cooperation with the relevant economic operators, to act at an earlier stage in respect of such PPE.

(45)

Where the Member States and the Commission agree as to the justification of a measure taken by a Member State, no further involvement of the Commission should be required, except where non-compliance can be attributed to shortcomings of a harmonised standard.

(46)

In order to take into account technical progress and knowledge or new scientific evidence, the power to adopt acts in accordance with Article 290 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union should be delegated to the Commission in respect of amending the categories of risks against which the PPE is intended to protect users. It is of particular importance that the Commission carry out appropriate consultations during its preparatory work, including at expert level. The Commission, when preparing and drawing up delegated acts, should ensure a simultaneous, timely and appropriate transmission of relevant documents to the European Parliament and to the Council.

(47)

In order to ensure uniform conditions for the implementation of this Regulation, implementing powers should be conferred on the Commission. Those powers should be exercised in accordance with Regulation (EU) No 182/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council (9).

(48)

The advisory procedure should be used for the adoption of implementing acts requesting the notifying Member State to take the necessary corrective measures in respect of notified bodies that do not meet or no longer meet the requirements for their notification.

(49)

The examination procedure should be used for the adoption of implementing acts with respect to compliant PPE which presents a risk to the health or safety of persons or to other aspects of public interest protection.

(50)

The Commission should adopt immediately applicable implementing acts where, in duly justified cases relating to compliant PPE which presents a risk to the health or safety of persons, imperative grounds of urgency so require.

(51)

In line with established practice, the committee set up by this Regulation can play a useful role in examining matters concerning the application of this Regulation raised either by its chair or by a representative of a Member State in accordance with its rules of procedure.

(52)

When matters relating to this Regulation, other than its implementation or infringements, are being examined, i.e. in a Commission expert group, the European Parliament should in line with existing practice receive full information and documentation and, where appropriate, an invitation to attend such meetings.

(53)

The Commission should, by means of implementing acts and, given their special nature, acting without the application of Regulation (EU) No 182/2011, determine whether measures taken by Member States in respect of non-compliant PPE are justified or not.

(54)

In order to allow manufacturers and other economic operators sufficient time to adapt to the requirements of this Regulation, it is necessary to provide for a sufficient transitional period after the entry into force of this Regulation during which PPE which complies with Directive 89/686/EEC may still be placed on the market.

(55)

Member States should lay down rules on penalties applicable to infringements of this Regulation and ensure that those rules are enforced. The penalties provided for should be effective, proportionate and dissuasive.

(56)

Since the objective of this Regulation, namely to ensure that PPE on the market fulfils the requirements providing for a high level of protection of health and safety of users, whilst guaranteeing the functioning of the internal market, cannot be sufficiently achieved by the Member States, but can rather, by reason of its scale and effects, be better achieved at Union level, the Union may adopt measures, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity set out in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union. In accordance with the principle of proportionality, as set out in that Article, this Regulation does not go beyond what is necessary in order to achieve that objective.

(57)

Directive 89/686/EEC has been amended several times. Since further substantial amendments are to be made and in order to ensure a uniform implementation throughout the Union, Directive 89/686/EEC should be repealed,

HAVE ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:

CHAPTER I

GENERAL PROVISIONS

Article 1

Subject matter

This Regulation lays down requirements for the design and manufacture of personal protective equipment (PPE) which is to be made available on the market, in order to ensure protection of the health and safety of users and establish rules on the free movement of PPE in the Union.

Article 2

Scope

1.   This Regulation applies to PPE.

2.   This Regulation does not apply to PPE:

(a)

specifically designed for use by the armed forces or in the maintenance of law and order;

(b)

designed to be used for self-defence, with the exception of PPE intended for sporting activities;

(c)

designed for private use to protect against:

(i)

atmospheric conditions that are not of an extreme nature,

(ii)

damp and water during dishwashing;

(d)

for exclusive use on seagoing vessels or aircraft that are subject to the relevant international treaties applicable in Member States;

(e)

for head, face or eye protection of users, that is covered by Regulation No 22 of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe on uniform provisions concerning the approval of protective helmets and their visors for drivers and passengers of motorcycles and mopeds.

Article 3

Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions apply:

(1)

‘personal protective equipment’ (PPE) means:

(a)

equipment designed and manufactured to be worn or held by a person for protection against one or more risks to that person’s health or safety;

(b)

interchangeable components for equipment referred to in point (a) which are essential for its protective function;

(c)

connexion systems for equipment referred to in point (a) that are not held or worn by a person, that are designed to connect that equipment to an external device or to a reliable anchorage point, that are not designed to be permanently fixed and that do not require fastening works before use;

(2)

‘making available on the market’ means any supply of PPE for distribution or use on the Union market in the course of a commercial activity, whether in return for payment or free of charge;

(3)

‘placing on the market’ means the first making available of PPE on the Union market;

(4)

‘manufacturer’ means any natural or legal person who manufactures PPE or has it designed or manufactured, and markets it under his name or trademark;

(5)

‘authorised representative’ means any natural or legal person established within the Union who has received a written mandate from a manufacturer to act on his behalf in relation to specified tasks;

(6)

‘importer’ means any natural or legal person established within the Union who places PPE from a third country on the Union market;

(7)

‘distributor’ means any natural or legal person in the supply chain, other than the manufacturer or the importer, who makes PPE available on the market;

(8)

‘economic operators’ means the manufacturer, the authorised representative, the importer and the distributor;

(9)

‘technical specification’ means a document that prescribes technical requirements to be fulfilled by PPE;

(10)

‘harmonised standard’ means a harmonised standard as defined in point (c) of point 1 of Article 2 of Regulation (EU) No 1025/2012;

(11)

‘accreditation’ means accreditation as defined in point 10 of Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008;

(12)

‘national accreditation body’ means a national accreditation body as defined in point 11 of Article 2 of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008;

(13)

‘conformity assessment’ means the process demonstrating whether the essential health and safety requirements of this Regulation relating to PPE have been fulfilled;

(14)

‘conformity assessment body’ means a body that performs conformity assessment activities including calibration, testing, certification and inspection;

(15)

‘recall’ means any measure aimed at achieving the return of PPE that has already been made available to the end-user;

(16)

‘withdrawal’ means any measure aimed at preventing PPE in the supply chain from being made available on the market;

(17)

‘Union harmonisation legislation’ means any Union legislation harmonising the conditions for the marketing of products;

(18)

‘CE marking’ means a marking by which the manufacturer indicates that PPE is in conformity with the applicable requirements set out in Union harmonisation legislation providing for its affixing.

Article 4

Making available on the market

PPE shall only be made available on the market if, where properly maintained and used for its intended purpose, it complies with this Regulation and does not endanger the health or safety of persons, domestic animals or property.

Article 5

Essential health and safety requirements

PPE shall meet the essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II which apply to it.

Article 6

Provisions concerning the use of PPE

This Regulation shall not affect Member States’ entitlement, in particular when implementing Directive 89/656/EEC, to lay down requirements concerning the use of PPE, provided that those requirements do not affect the design of PPE which is placed on the market in accordance with this Regulation.

Article 7

Free movement

1.   Member States shall not impede, for the aspects covered by this Regulation, the making available on the market of PPE which complies with this Regulation.

2.   At trade fairs, exhibitions and demonstrations or similar events, Member States shall not prevent the showing of PPE which does not comply with this Regulation, provided that a visible sign clearly indicates that the PPE does not comply with this Regulation and is not available on the market until it has been brought into conformity.

During demonstrations, adequate measures shall be taken to ensure the protection of persons.

CHAPTER II

OBLIGATIONS OF ECONOMIC OPERATORS

Article 8

Obligations of manufacturers

1.   When placing PPE on the market, manufacturers shall ensure that it has been designed and manufactured in accordance with the applicable essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II.

2.   Manufacturers shall draw up the technical documentation referred to in Annex III (‘technical documentation’) and carry out the applicable conformity assessment procedure referred to in Article 19 or have it carried out.

Where compliance of PPE with the applicable essential health and safety requirements has been demonstrated by the appropriate procedure, manufacturers shall draw up the EU declaration of conformity referred to in Article 15 and affix the CE marking referred to in Article 16.

3.   Manufacturers shall keep the technical documentation and the EU declaration of conformity for 10 years after the PPE has been placed on the market.

4.   Manufacturers shall ensure that procedures are in place for series production to remain in conformity with this Regulation. Changes in the design or characteristics of the PPE and changes in the harmonised standards or in other technical specifications by reference to which the conformity of the PPE is declared shall be adequately taken into account.

When deemed appropriate with regard to the risks presented by PPE, manufacturers shall, to protect the health and safety of consumers and other end-users, carry out sample testing of PPE made available on the market, investigate, and, if necessary, keep a register of complaints, of non-conforming PPE and PPE recalls, and shall keep distributors informed of any such monitoring.

5.   Manufacturers shall ensure that the PPE which they place on the market bears a type, batch or serial number or other element allowing its identification, or, where the size or nature of the PPE does not allow it, that the required information is provided on the packaging or in a document accompanying the PPE.

6.   Manufacturers shall indicate, on the PPE, their name, registered trade name or registered trade mark and the postal address at which they can be contacted or, where that is not possible, on its packaging or in a document accompanying the PPE. The address shall indicate a single point at which the manufacturer can be contacted. The contact details shall be in a language easily understood by end-users and market surveillance authorities.

7.   Manufacturers shall ensure that the PPE is accompanied by the instructions and information set out in point 1.4 of Annex II in a language which can be easily understood by consumers and other end-users, as determined by the Member State concerned. Such instructions and information, as well as any labelling, shall be clear, understandable, intelligible and legible.

8.   The manufacturer shall either provide the EU declaration of conformity with the PPE or include in the instructions and information set out in point 1.4 of Annex II the internet address at which the EU declaration of conformity can be accessed.

9.   Manufacturers who consider or have reason to believe that PPE which they have placed on the market is not in conformity with this Regulation shall immediately take the corrective measures necessary to bring that PPE into conformity, to withdraw it or to recall it, as appropriate. Furthermore, where the PPE presents a risk, manufacturers shall immediately inform the competent national authorities of the Member States in which they made the PPE available on the market to that effect, giving details, in particular, of the non-conformity and of any corrective measures taken.

10.   Manufacturers shall, further to a reasoned request from a competent national authority, provide it with all the information and documentation, in paper or electronic form, necessary to demonstrate the conformity of the PPE with this Regulation, in a language which can be easily understood by that authority. They shall cooperate with that authority, at its request, on any action taken to eliminate the risks posed by PPE which they have placed on the market.

Article 9

Authorised representatives

1.   A manufacturer may, by a written mandate, appoint an authorised representative.

The obligations laid down in Article 8(1) and the obligation to draw up the technical documentation referred to in Article 8(2) shall not form part of the authorised representative’s mandate.

2.   An authorised representative shall perform the tasks specified in the mandate received from the manufacturer. The mandate shall allow the authorised representative to do at least the following:

(a)

keep the EU declaration of conformity and the technical documentation at the disposal of the national market surveillance authorities for 10 years after the PPE has been placed on the market;

(b)

further to a reasoned request from a competent national authority, provide that authority with all the information and documentation necessary to demonstrate the conformity of the PPE;

(c)

cooperate with the competent national authorities, at their request, on any action taken to eliminate the risks posed by PPE covered by the authorised representative’s mandate.

Article 10

Obligations of importers

1.   Importers shall place only compliant PPE on the market.

2.   Before placing PPE on the market, importers shall ensure that the appropriate conformity assessment procedure referred to in Article 19 has been carried out by the manufacturer. They shall ensure that the manufacturer has drawn up the technical documentation, that the PPE bears the CE marking and is accompanied by the required documents, and that the manufacturer has complied with the requirements set out in Article 8(5) and (6).

Where an importer considers or has reason to believe that PPE is not in conformity with the applicable essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II, he shall not place it on the market until it has been brought into conformity. Furthermore, where the PPE presents a risk, the importer shall inform the manufacturer and the market surveillance authorities to that effect.

3.   Importers shall indicate, on the PPE, their name, registered trade name or registered trade mark and the postal address at which they can be contacted or, where that is not possible, on its packaging or in a document accompanying the PPE. The contact details shall be in a language easily understood by end-users and market surveillance authorities.

4.   Importers shall ensure that the PPE is accompanied by the instructions and information set out in point 1.4 of Annex II in a language which can be easily understood by consumers and other end-users, as determined by the Member State concerned.

5.   Importers shall ensure that, while the PPE is under their responsibility, storage or transport conditions do not jeopardise its conformity with the applicable essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II.

6.   When deemed appropriate with regard to the risks presented by PPE, importers shall, to protect the health and safety of consumers and other end-users, carry out sample testing of PPE made available on the market, investigate, and, if necessary, keep a register of complaints, of non-conforming PPE and PPE recalls, and shall keep distributors informed of any such monitoring.

7.   Importers who consider or have reason to believe that PPE which they have placed on the market is not in conformity with this Regulation shall immediately take the corrective measures necessary to bring the PPE into conformity, to withdraw it or to recall it, as appropriate. Furthermore, where the PPE presents a risk, importers shall immediately inform the competent national authorities of the Member States in which they made the PPE available on the market to that effect, giving details, in particular, of the non-conformity and of any corrective measures taken.

8.   Importers shall, for 10 years after the PPE has been placed on the market, keep a copy of the EU declaration of conformity at the disposal of the market surveillance authorities and ensure that the technical documentation can be made available to those authorities, upon request.

9.   Importers shall, further to a reasoned request from a competent national authority, provide it with all the information and documentation, in paper or electronic form, necessary to demonstrate the conformity of PPE in a language which can be easily understood by that authority. They shall cooperate with that authority, at its request, on any action taken to eliminate the risks posed by PPE which they have placed on the market.

Article 11

Obligations of distributors

1.   When making PPE available on the market, distributors shall act with due care in relation to the requirements of this Regulation.

2.   Before making PPE available on the market, distributors shall verify that it bears the CE marking, is accompanied by the required documents and by the instructions and information set out in point 1.4 of Annex II in a language which can be easily understood by consumers and other end-users in the Member State in which PPE is to be made available on the market and that the manufacturer and the importer have complied with the requirements set out in Article 8(5) and (6) and Article 10(3) respectively.

Where a distributor considers or has reason to believe that PPE is not in conformity with the applicable essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II, he shall not make the PPE available on the market until it has been brought into conformity. Furthermore, where the PPE presents a risk, the distributor shall inform the manufacturer or the importer to that effect as well as the market surveillance authorities.

3.   Distributors shall ensure that, while PPE is under their responsibility, its storage or transport conditions do not jeopardise its conformity with the applicable essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II.

4.   Distributors who consider or have reason to believe that PPE which they have made available on the market is not in conformity with this Regulation shall make sure that the corrective measures necessary to bring it into conformity, to withdraw it or to recall it, as appropriate, are taken. Furthermore, where the PPE presents a risk, distributors shall immediately inform the competent national authorities of the Member States in which they have made the PPE available on the market to that effect, giving details, in particular, of the non-conformity and of any corrective measures taken.

5.   Distributors shall, further to a reasoned request from a competent national authority, provide it with all the information and documentation, in paper or electronic form, necessary to demonstrate the conformity of the PPE. They shall cooperate with that authority, at its request, on any action taken to eliminate the risks posed by PPE which they have made available on the market.

Article 12

Cases in which obligations of manufacturers apply to importers and distributors

An importer or distributor shall be considered a manufacturer for the purposes of this Regulation and he shall be subject to the obligations of the manufacturer set out in Article 8 where he places PPE on the market under his name or trademark or modifies PPE already placed on the market in such a way that compliance with this Regulation may be affected.

Article 13

Identification of economic operators

Economic operators shall, on request, identify the following to the market surveillance authorities:

(a)

any economic operator who has supplied them with PPE;

(b)

any economic operator to whom they have supplied PPE.

Economic operators shall be able to present the information referred to in the first paragraph for 10 years after they have been supplied with the PPE and for 10 years after they have supplied the PPE.

CHAPTER III

CONFORMITY OF THE PPE

Article 14

Presumption of conformity of PPE

PPE which is in conformity with harmonised standards or parts thereof the references of which have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union shall be presumed to be in conformity with the essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II covered by those standards or parts thereof.

Article 15

EU declaration of conformity

1.   The EU declaration of conformity shall state that the fulfilment of the applicable essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II has been demonstrated.

2.   The EU declaration of conformity shall have the model structure set out in Annex IX, shall contain the elements specified in the relevant modules set out in Annexes IV, VI, VII and VIII and shall be continuously updated. It shall be translated into the language or languages required by the Member State in which the PPE is placed or made available on the market.

3.   Where PPE is subject to more than one Union act requiring an EU declaration of conformity, a single EU declaration of conformity shall be drawn up in respect of all such Union acts. That declaration shall contain the identification of the Union acts concerned, including their publication references.

4.   By drawing up the EU declaration of conformity, the manufacturer shall assume responsibility for the compliance of the PPE with the requirements laid down in this Regulation.

Article 16

General principles of the CE marking

The CE marking shall be subject to the general principles set out in Article 30 of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008.

Article 17

Rules and conditions for affixing the CE marking

1.   The CE marking shall be affixed visibly, legibly and indelibly to the PPE. Where that is not possible or not warranted on account of the nature of the PPE, it shall be affixed to the packaging and to the documents accompanying the PPE.

2.   The CE marking shall be affixed before the PPE is placed on the market.

3.   For category III PPE, the CE marking shall be followed by the identification number of the notified body involved in the procedure set out in Annex VII or VIII.

The identification number of the notified body shall be affixed by the body itself or, under its instructions, by the manufacturer or his authorised representative.

4.   The CE marking and, where applicable, the identification number of the notified body may be followed by a pictogram or other marking indicating the risk against which the PPE is intended to protect.

5.   Member States shall build upon existing mechanisms to ensure correct application of the regime governing the CE marking and shall take appropriate action in the event of improper use of that marking.

CHAPTER IV

CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT

Article 18

Risk categories of PPE

The PPE shall be classified according to the risk categories set out in Annex I.

Article 19

Conformity assessment procedures

The conformity assessment procedures to be followed for each of the risk categories set out in Annex I are as follows:

(a)

Category I: internal production control (module A) set out in Annex IV;

(b)

Category II: EU type-examination (module B) set out in Annex V, followed by conformity to type based on internal production control (module C) set out in Annex VI;

(c)

Category III: EU type-examination (module B) set out in Annex V, and either of the following:

(i)

conformity to type based on internal production control plus supervised product checks at random intervals (module C2) set out in Annex VII;

(ii)

conformity to type based on quality assurance of the production process (module D) set out in Annex VIII.

By way of derogation, for PPE produced as a single unit to fit an individual user and classified according to Category III, the procedure referred to in point (b) may be followed.

CHAPTER V

NOTIFICATION OF CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT BODIES

Article 20

Notification

Member States shall notify the Commission and the other Member States of bodies authorised to carry out third-party conformity assessment tasks under this Regulation.

Article 21

Notifying authorities

1.   Member States shall designate a notifying authority that shall be responsible for setting up and carrying out the necessary procedures for the assessment and notification of conformity assessment bodies and the monitoring of notified bodies, including compliance with Article 26.

2.   Member States may decide that the assessment and monitoring referred to in paragraph 1 shall be carried out by a national accreditation body within the meaning of and in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 765/2008.

3.   Where the notifying authority delegates or otherwise entrusts the assessment, notification or monitoring referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article to a body which is not a governmental entity, that body shall be a legal entity and shall comply mutatis mutandis with the requirements laid down in Article 22. In addition, that body shall have arrangements to cover liabilities arising out of its activities.

4.   The notifying authority shall take full responsibility for the tasks performed by the body referred to in paragraph 3.

Article 22

Requirements relating to notifying authorities

1.   A notifying authority shall be established in such a way that no conflict of interest with conformity assessment bodies occurs.

2.   A notifying authority shall be organised and operated so as to safeguard the objectivity and impartiality of its activities.

3.   A notifying authority shall be organised in such a way that each decision relating to notification of a conformity assessment body is taken by competent persons different from those who carried out the assessment.

4.   A notifying authority shall not offer or provide any activities that conformity assessment bodies perform or consultancy services on a commercial or competitive basis.

5.   A notifying authority shall safeguard the confidentiality of the information it obtains.

6.   A notifying authority shall have a sufficient number of competent personnel at its disposal for the proper performance of its tasks.

Article 23

Information obligation on notifying authorities

Member States shall inform the Commission of their procedures for the assessment and notification of conformity assessment bodies and the monitoring of notified bodies, and of any changes thereto.

The Commission shall make that information publicly available.

Article 24

Requirements relating to notified bodies

1.   For the purposes of notification, a conformity assessment body shall meet the requirements laid down in paragraphs 2 to 11.

2.   A conformity assessment body shall be established under the national law of a Member State and have legal personality.

3.   A conformity assessment body shall be a third-party body independent of the organisation or the PPE it assesses.

A body belonging to a business association or professional federation representing undertakings involved in the design, manufacturing, provision, assembly, use or maintenance of PPE which it assesses, may, on the condition that its independence and the absence of any conflict of interest are demonstrated, be considered such a body.

4.   A conformity assessment body, its top-level management and the personnel responsible for carrying out the conformity assessment tasks shall not be the designer, manufacturer, supplier, purchaser, owner, user or maintainer of the PPE which they assess, nor the representative of any of those parties. This does not preclude the use of assessed PPE that are necessary for the operations of the conformity assessment body or the use of such PPE for personal purposes.

A conformity assessment body, its top-level management and the personnel responsible for carrying out the conformity assessment tasks shall not be directly involved in the design, manufacture, marketing, use or maintenance of PPE, or represent the parties engaged in those activities. They shall not engage in any activity that may conflict with their independence of judgement or integrity in relation to conformity assessment activities for which they are notified. This shall in particular apply to consultancy services.

Conformity assessment bodies shall ensure that the activities of their subsidiaries or subcontractors do not affect the confidentiality, objectivity or impartiality of their conformity assessment activities.

5.   Conformity assessment bodies and their personnel shall carry out the conformity assessment activities with the highest degree of professional integrity and the requisite technical competence in the specific field and shall be free from all pressures and inducements, particularly financial, which might influence their judgement or the results of their conformity assessment activities, especially as regards persons or groups of persons with an interest in the results of those activities.

6.   A conformity assessment body shall be capable of carrying out all the conformity assessment tasks assigned to it by Annexes V, VII and VIII and in relation to which it has been notified, whether those tasks are carried out by the conformity assessment body itself or on its behalf and under its responsibility.

At all times and for each conformity assessment procedure and each kind of PPE for which it has been notified, a conformity assessment body shall have at its disposal the necessary:

(a)

personnel with technical knowledge and sufficient and appropriate experience to perform the conformity assessment tasks;

(b)

descriptions of procedures in accordance with which conformity assessment is carried out, ensuring the transparency and the ability of reproduction of those procedures. It shall have appropriate policies and procedures in place that distinguish between tasks it carries out as a notified body and other activities;

(c)

procedures for the performance of activities which take due account of the size of an undertaking, the sector in which it operates, its structure, the degree of complexity of the PPE technology in question and the mass or serial nature of the production process.

A conformity assessment body shall have the means necessary to perform the technical and administrative tasks connected with the conformity assessment activities in an appropriate manner and shall have access to all necessary equipment or facilities.

7.   The personnel responsible for carrying out conformity assessment tasks shall have the following:

(a)

sound technical and vocational training covering all the conformity assessment activities in relation to which the conformity assessment body has been notified;

(b)

satisfactory knowledge of the requirements of the assessments they carry out and adequate authority to carry out those assessments;

(c)

appropriate knowledge and understanding of the essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II, of the applicable harmonised standards, and of the relevant provisions of Union harmonisation legislation and of national legislation;

(d)

the ability to draw up certificates, records and reports demonstrating that assessments have been carried out.

8.   The impartiality of the conformity assessment bodies, their top level management and of the personnel responsible for carrying out the conformity assessment tasks shall be guaranteed.

The remuneration of the top level management and personnel responsible for carrying out the conformity assessment tasks of a conformity assessment body shall not depend on the number of assessments carried out or on the results of those assessments.

9.   Conformity assessment bodies shall take out liability insurance unless liability is assumed by the Member State in accordance with national law, or the Member State itself is directly responsible for the conformity assessment.

10.   The personnel of a conformity assessment body shall observe professional secrecy with regard to all information obtained in carrying out their tasks under Annexes V, VII and VIII or any provision of national law giving effect to it, except in relation to the competent authorities of the Member State in which its activities are carried out. Proprietary rights shall be protected.

11.   Conformity assessment bodies shall participate in, or ensure that their personnel responsible for carrying out the conformity assessment tasks are informed of, the relevant standardisation activities and the activities of the notified body coordination group established under Article 36 and shall apply as general guidance the administrative decisions and documents produced as a result of the work of that group.

Article 25

Presumption of conformity of notified bodies

Where a conformity assessment body demonstrates its conformity with the criteria laid down in the relevant harmonised standards or parts thereof the references of which have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union, it shall be presumed to comply with the requirements set out in Article 24 in so far as the applicable harmonised standards cover those requirements.

Article 26

Subsidiaries of and subcontracting by notified bodies

1.   Where a notified body subcontracts specific tasks connected with conformity assessment or has recourse to a subsidiary, it shall ensure that the subcontractor or the subsidiary meets the requirements set out in Article 24 and shall inform the notifying authority accordingly.

2.   Notified bodies shall take full responsibility for the tasks performed by subcontractors or subsidiaries wherever these are established.

3.   Activities may be subcontracted or carried out by a subsidiary only with the agreement of the client.

4.   Notified bodies shall keep at the disposal of the notifying authority the relevant documents concerning the assessment of the qualifications of the subcontractor or the subsidiary and the work carried out by them under Annexes V, VII and VIII.

Article 27

Application for notification

1.   A conformity assessment body shall submit an application for notification to the notifying authority of the Member State in which it is established.

2.   The application for notification shall be accompanied by a description of the conformity assessment activities, the conformity assessment module or modules and the kinds of PPE for which that body claims to be competent, as well as by an accreditation certificate, where one exists, issued by a national accreditation body attesting that the conformity assessment body fulfils the requirements laid down in Article 24.

3.   Where the conformity assessment body concerned cannot provide an accreditation certificate, it shall provide the notifying authority with all the documentary evidence necessary for the verification, recognition and regular monitoring of its compliance with the requirements laid down in Article 24.

Article 28

Notification procedure

1.   Notifying authorities may notify only conformity assessment bodies which have satisfied the requirements laid down in Article 24.

2.   They shall notify the Commission and the other Member States using the electronic notification tool developed and managed by the Commission.

3.   The notification shall include full details of the conformity assessment activities, the conformity assessment module or modules and the kinds of PPE concerned and the relevant attestation of competence.

4.   Where a notification is not based on an accreditation certificate referred to in Article 27(2), the notifying authority shall provide the Commission and the other Member States with documentary evidence which attests to the conformity assessment body’s competence and the arrangements in place to ensure that that body will be monitored regularly and will continue to satisfy the requirements laid down in Article 24.

5.   The body concerned may perform the activities of a notified body only where no objections are raised by the Commission or the other Member States within two weeks of a notification where an accreditation certificate is used or within two months of a notification where accreditation is not used.

Only such a body shall be considered a notified body for the purposes of this Regulation.

6.   The notifying authority shall notify the Commission and the other Member States of any subsequent relevant changes to the notification.

Article 29

Identification numbers and lists of notified bodies

1.   The Commission shall assign an identification number to a notified body.

It shall assign a single such number even where the body is notified under several Union acts.

2.   The Commission shall make publicly available the list of the bodies notified under this Regulation, including the identification numbers that have been assigned to them and the activities for which they have been notified.

The Commission shall ensure that the list is kept up to date.

Article 30

Changes to notifications

1.   Where a notifying authority has ascertained or has been informed that a notified body no longer meets the requirements laid down in Article 24, or that it is failing to fulfil its obligations, the notifying authority shall restrict, suspend or withdraw the notification, as appropriate, depending on the seriousness of the failure to meet those requirements or fulfil those obligations. It shall immediately inform the Commission and the other Member States accordingly.

2.   In the event of restriction, suspension or withdrawal of notification, or where the notified body has ceased its activity, the notifying Member State shall take appropriate steps to ensure that the files of that body are either processed by another notified body or kept available for the responsible notifying and market surveillance authorities at their request.

Article 31

Challenge of the competence of notified bodies

1.   The Commission shall investigate all cases where it doubts, or doubt is brought to its attention regarding, the competence of a notified body or the continued fulfilment by a notified body of the requirements and responsibilities to which it is subject.

2.   The notifying Member State shall provide the Commission, on request, with all information relating to the basis for the notification or the maintenance of the competence of the notified body concerned.

3.   The Commission shall ensure that all sensitive information obtained in the course of its investigations is treated confidentially.

4.   Where the Commission ascertains that a notified body does not meet or no longer meets the requirements for its notification, it shall adopt an implementing act requesting the notifying Member State to take the necessary corrective measures, including the withdrawal of the notification if necessary.

That implementing act shall be adopted in accordance with the advisory procedure referred to in Article 44(2).

Article 32

Operational obligations of notified bodies

1.   Notified bodies shall carry out conformity assessments in accordance with the conformity assessment procedures provided for in Annexes V, VII and VIII.

2.   Conformity assessments shall be carried out in a proportionate manner, avoiding unnecessary burdens for economic operators. Conformity assessment bodies shall perform their activities taking due account of the size of an undertaking, the sector in which it operates, its structure, the degree of complexity of the PPE technology in question and the mass or serial nature of the production process.

In so doing they shall nevertheless respect the degree of rigour and the level of protection required for the compliance of the PPE with the requirements of this Regulation.

3.   Where a notified body finds that the essential health and safety requirements set out in Annex II or the corresponding harmonised standards or other technical specifications have not been met by a manufacturer, it shall require the manufacturer to take appropriate corrective measures and shall not issue a certificate or approval decision.

4.   Where, in the course of the monitoring of conformity following the issue of a certificate or approval decision, a notified body finds that a PPE no longer complies, it shall require the manufacturer to take appropriate corrective measures and shall suspend or withdraw the certificate or the approval decision if necessary.

5.   Where corrective measures are not taken or do not have the required effect, the notified body shall restrict, suspend or withdraw any certificates or approval decisions, as appropriate.

Article 33

Appeal against decisions of notified bodies

Notified bodies shall ensure that a transparent and accessible appeal procedure against their decisions is available.

Article 34

Information obligation on notified bodies

1.   Notified bodies shall inform the notifying authority of the following:

(a)

any refusal, restriction, suspension or withdrawal of a certificate or approval decision;

(b)

any circumstances affecting the scope of or conditions for notification;

(c)

any request for information which they have received from market surveillance authorities regarding conformity assessment activities;

(d)

on request, conformity assessment activities performed within the scope of their notification and any other activity performed, including cross-border activities and subcontracting.

2.   Notified bodies shall provide the other bodies notified under this Regulation carrying out similar conformity assessment activities covering the same kinds of PPE with relevant information on issues relating to negative and, on request, positive conformity assessment results.

Article 35

Exchange of experience

The Commission shall provide for the organisation of exchange of experience between the Member States’ national authorities responsible for notification policy.

Article 36

Coordination of notified bodies

The Commission shall ensure that appropriate coordination and cooperation between bodies notified under this Regulation are put in place and properly operated in the form of a sectoral group of notified bodies.

Notified bodies shall participate in the work of that group, directly or by means of designated representatives.

CHAPTER VI

UNION MARKET SURVEILLANCE, CONTROL OF PPE ENTERING THE UNION MARKET AND UNION SAFEGUARD PROCEDURE

Article 37

Union market surveillance and control of PPE entering the Union market

Article 15(3) and Articles 16 to 29 of Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 shall apply to PPE covered by Article 2(1) of this Regulation.

Article 38

Procedure at national level for dealing with PPE presenting a risk

1.   Where the market surveillance authorities of one Member State have sufficient reason to believe that PPE covered by this Regulation presents a risk to the health or safety of persons, they shall carry out an evaluation in relation to the PPE concerned covering all relevant requirements laid down in this Regulation. The relevant economic operators shall cooperate as necessary with the market surveillance authorities for that purpose.

Where, in the course of the evaluation referred to in the first subparagraph, the market